30.6 MILLION PEOPLE DISPLACED INSIDE THEIR COUNTRY IN 2017
16 May 2018, London – Conflict and disasters displaced 30.6 million people within their own countries last year, according to a new report from the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) and the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC).
This Quarterly Update covers the activities of the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) between 1 January and 31 March 2018. It is also available online here: www. internal-displacement.org
20th anniversary of IDMC and of the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement - making 2018 the year of IDPs
Against a backdrop of pervasive violence in the region, indigenous communities in Guatemala struggle to resist being displaced by various pressures, ranging from climate change to economic development project encroachments on their ancestral. In this blog, researchers Ananda S. Millard and Gloria Lara-Florian describe some initial findings from their research for an IDMC project examining internal displacement in the context of criminal violence in the region.
IDMC Director, Alexandra Bilak
On 4 April, the United Nations declared the end of the level-three emergency in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The decision to downgrade the crisis from the highest state of humanitarian alert was made amid tense political positioning ahead of presidential elections due at the end of the year, ongoing conflict and violence, spiralling humanitarian needs and one of the world’s most acute internal displacement situations.
17 APRIL 2018, GENEVA
To raise awareness of the global phenomenon of internal displacement, eight international organisations are combining their voices in a global campaign to highlight the situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) worldwide. Men, women and children forced to abandon their homes because of conflict, violence, disasters or development projects but who have not crossed an international border to seek refuge abroad.
As if Syrian government offensives were not driving enough people from their homes, a Turkish intervention in the north has forced tens of thousands more to flee.
Last week marked the seventh anniversary of the start of Syria’s civil war, but there was little to celebrate. The fighting continues unabated, forcing around 500,000 people to flee their homes in the first weeks of 2018 alone. Many of them were already living in displacement.
Chaos in Afrin
Since the outbreak of conflict in Syria in 2011, close to half the country’s pre-war population has been displaced. According to the IASC framework on durable solutions for internally displaced persons, “a durable solution is achieved when internally displaced persons no longer have any specific assistance and protection needs that are linked to their displacement and can enjoy their human rights without discrimination on account of their displacement.”
Three reasons why internal displacement should be more firmly embedded in the global compact on refugees.
As many as 273,000 people newly displaced, half of whom are minors, were recorded between 15 December and 29 January in central and northern Idleb and northern Hama due to a government-led offensive in the governorates (OCHA, 7 Feb 2018; OCHA, 23 Jan 2018; Save the Children, 17 Jan 2018). Parts of the contested areas have reportedly been emptied of civilians (OCHA, 16 Jan 2018). Most of the population in the town of Saraqab, in Idleb province, has been displaced (OCHA, 7 Feb 2018).
Nigeria’s president, Muhammadu Buhari, declared Boko Haram “technically defeated” in 2015, but in reality the insurgency is far from over. The number of suicide bomb attacks was at its highest in two years in 2017. The group’s violence and the military campaign against it have forced 1.9 million people to flee their homes in north-eastern Nigeria since 2009, and Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state, at one point doubled in size as many sought the relative security of the city and its periphery.
Urban experts, planners, humanitarians and development organisations gather in Kuala Lumpur this week for the 9th World Urban Forum. Under the slogan of Cities for All, they discuss how growing mega-cities and rapidly transforming towns present opportunities and risks in equal measure.
This Quarterly Update covers the activities of the Geneva-based Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (IDMC) between 1 October and 31 December 2017. It is also available online www. internal-displacement.org
IDMC’s Africa Report on Internal Displacement: 15,000 people displaced every day inside African countries
Experts at the first International Forum on Migration Statistics this month talked extensively about the need for more data on human mobility to support the 2030 Agenda. Yet despite the clear nexus between internal displacement and the Sustainable Development Goals, little if any attention was given to the issue. IDMC’s researcher Christelle Cazabat shares her views and explains why this was a major oversight
As many as 790,000 people were displaced between 16 and 28 December in Regions V, VI, VII, VIII, XIII and MIMAROPA due to Tropical Storm Urduja/Kai-Tak which made landfall in the Philippines on 12 December and exited on 19 December. A total of 418,000 people stayed in evacuation centres, while 372,000 people stayed with families and friends. As of 28 December, all evacuees had returned home (DROMIC, 4 Jan 2018).
East Asia and Pacific
Affected areas: Aceh, Bali, Central Java, East Java, Lombok and North Sumatra
Cause of displacement: Disaster
Figures: More than 102,000 new displacements between 25 November and 13 December
Internal displacement in Afghanistan is rising steeply. The number of people who fled their homes to take refuge elsewhere in the country grew from 492,000 in 2012 to well over 1.5 million toward the end of 2016. There were over 650,000 new conflict displacements in the country in 2016 alone. The security situation has deteriorated to such an extent that Afghanistan was reclassified as a country in active conflict in 2017. For many Afghans, this heightens the risk of continued or new displacement.
15,000 people displaced every day inside African countries, according to new IDMC report
IDMC's director calls on the development sector to join humanitarians in preventing and reducing internal displacement and finding long-term solutions for the millions of people affected
As the world focuses its attention on preventing irregular migration and protecting refugees coming out of Africa, the displacement that happens behind its own borders persists at an alarming rate.
Affected areas Kermanshah province
Cause of displacement Disaster
Figures More than 70,000 new displacements between 12 and 14 November
More than 550,000 refugees made the arduous journey back to their countries of origin in 2016, mainly to countries experiencing ongoing armed conflict and unresolved displacement crises such as Afghanistan, Somalia and Sudan. So far in 2017, we have already witnessed a similar trend, with refugees returning home to violent conflict and complex emergencies in Syria, Iraq, northeast Nigeria and Myanmar.