Les grandes catastrophes des dernières années ont fait significativement progresser le système international de réponse aux catastrophes liées à des phénomènes naturels. Cela a notamment mis en avant :
The major disasters that have taken place in recent years have led to significant improvements in the international natural disaster response system, which have highlighted:
En mai 2016, le Sommet humanitaire mondial a appelé à un changement dans la gestion, la planification et la mise en œuvre de l’action humanitaire. Dans son rapport Une seule humanité, des responsabilités partagées 1 , en amont de ce sommet, le Secrétaire général des Nations unies a lancé un appel mondial afin de « changer la vie des gens : passer de la fourniture de l’aide à la fin des besoins ».
Groupe URD is taking part in a project coordinated by Bioforce, in partnership with the NGO, North LEDA, which aims to improve the response to crises by organisations from Tripoli (Lebanon). This project is being used to test a new approach to promote aid localisation. It is being implemented over a period of three years beginning in July 2018.
Groupe URD 2017 Annual Report
As I take up my pen to write this President’s Report, my thoughts turn to Claire Pirotte, co-founder of Groupe URD, asking me to stand as President of Groupe URD in July 2017 so that she could face Death, which would finally get the better of her in early 2018. A socially committed and generous woman, she left behind a Groupe URD that is active in all the major crisis contexts in the world, and puts all its energy into bringing a little creative reflection to them.
Groupe URD is helping to establish a “Zero Hunger” Strategy, related to Sustainable Development Goal no.2, in the context of the Republic of Djibouti, a peaceful little enclave in the middle of the turbulence of the Horn of Africa.
La région du lac Tchad, frontalière du Cameroun, du Niger, du Nigéria et du Tchad, est une zone affectée par des chocs climatiques récurrents. Depuis plusieurs mois, elle est également confrontée à une crise sécuritaire majeure. Pour apporter une réponse mêlant urgence, réhabilitation et relèvement, Action contre la Faim, Care et le Groupe URD ont élaboré le projet régional RESILAC, « Redressement Economique et Social Inclusif du Lac Tchad », qui a reçu le soutien de l’Agence Française de Développement et de l’Union européenne.
Depuis le début des années 2010, la couverture médiatique et l’évocation de chiffres record en matière de migrations peuvent donner l’impression que le franchissement des frontières par des migrants, des demandeurs d’asile et des réfugiés constitue un phénomène exceptionnel qui pourrait devenir hors de contrôle, notamment en Europe.
François Grünewald and Véronique de Geoffroy
Within a vibrant voluntary sector, Malian aid organisations take many forms, with a variety of objectives and specific rules. There are nevertheless significant ties between them, notably via the careers of their employees, and though there is a significant presence of local organisations in the humanitarian market, this is also uneven and depends on the resources available. Indeed, there is a growing gap between organisations that are in the “market” and organisations that are limited to a more “local” level.
In the Grand Bargain, donors and international humanitarian actors (UN Agencies, INGOs, IFRC and ICRC) recognized that:
National and local responders comprising governments, communities, Red Cross and Red Crescent National Societies and local civil society are often the first to respond to crises, remaining in the communities they serve before, after and during emergencies.
They committed to…
Réiseal Ni Chéilleachair & Dr. Fiona Shanahan
When we need help, we go local
When people are in crisis, they usually seek support from those closest to them, within their own families, social groups and communities. The continuity of presence and consistency of support, regardless of scale or statistics, is what often sets a local actor apart from an international actor. In protection work, local is key; it is where trust sits.
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, which has been affected by a latent conflict for many years, with repeated periods of calm and crisis, local NGOs play an essential role, with support from international aid organisations. This article looks at perceptions of different types of partnerships that exist, the approaches of different stakeholders in relation to the institutional and operational issues raised by localisation and the difficulties that remain.
Myanmar occupies a special place among the different contexts where localisation has had a major influence on the way aid practices have evolved. It was the focus of one of the case studies during the research project, “More than the Money: Localisation in Practice”, that Groupe URD carried out for Trócaire.
Nepal – which has recently been through a civil war (1996 to 2006) – is a country where there are numerous risks, particularly due to its geopolitical situation in relation to China and India. Nepal’s civil society, which is influenced by the caste system, but also by a long tradition of solidarity, was immediately on the front line of the response to the series of earthquakes that began on 25 April 2015.
Groupe URD is providing support to MSF’s Evaluation Unit (based in Vienna) as part of an independent evaluation of the response to the cholera crisis in Yemen by MSF OCBA (Barcelona-Athens). The country has been devastated by a war that has had a terrible impact on its health and sanitation systems. The cholera epidemic has already killed more than 2000 people and affected more than 800 000. The MSF system is committed to reducing the impact of this epidemic and is fighting to control it, using lessons learned in other situations, such as the cholera epidemic in Haiti.
The following article is based on a study on aid localisation during the response to Hurricane Matthew which struck Haiti in October 2016. It draws on a series of interviews carried out in Haiti in May and June 2017. It presents how and why aid localisation is seen as a way of increasing resilience. It also analyses certain limits that were observed.