Every day, an additional 110,000 people are forced into water scarcity: WaterAid
A new ranking by WaterAid of developing countries shows where millions of people are already losing their right to water, increasing their vulnerability to the impact of climate change.
Sudan, Niger and Pakistan are the top 3 countries with the most threatened water supply, based on new analysis of Notre Dame Global Adaptation Initiative measures of access to water, climate patterns and water usage rates.
The health, education and safety of millions of children around the world is threatened because they don’t have a decent toilet at school or at home, according to WaterAid’s State of the World’s Toilets 2018 report.
Jonathan Farr, senior policy analyst on climate change and water security at WaterAid, said:
"This report explains in very clear terms the devastating impact climate change is going to have on the world's poorest if we don't act: hundreds of millions more people facing poverty, disease and death within a generation.
It has been the driest start to a summer in over 45 years in the UK. Yet, much of the country had water in reserve when it began, ensuring a continued safe supply for drinking and washing. Millions around the world are not that lucky: despite high rainfall, they go thirsty.
Vanita Suneja is Regional Advocacy Manager, South Asia, for WaterAid
NEW DELHI, Jul 16 2018 (IPS) - In 2030, when I would be turning sixty, I’d like to tell my grandchildren the story of how – once upon a time – the lives of poor people in South Asia were transformed: that leaders came together to bring economic prosperity and social development to people that until then had lived in an unequal and polluted world.
By Behailu Shiferaw
Behailu Shiferaw is communications specialist for WaterAid in the East Africa region.
KIGALI, Rwanda, Jul 10 2018 (IPS) - To many of us, ‘keep out of the reach of children’ is a phrase we see printed on labels for medicines and chemicals. To mothers in Rweru Sector, Rwanda, it’s a daily principle to live by.
The PepsiCo Foundation announced today a $4.2 million grant to WaterAid, a leading international water and sanitation non-governmental organization, to provide clean water access (1) to communities in southern India facing extreme water shortages, specifically in Palakkad (Kerala), Nelamangala (Karnakata), and Sri City (Andhra Pradesh).
Cities and villages in northern and central India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, southern Madagascar and southern Mozambique are facing acute water scarcity threatening the lives and livelihoods of millions, new analysis by WaterAid shows.
Based on NASA satellite imagery released earlier this year, the analysis also examines current rates of access to water for rural and urban areas in most-affected regions.
In Afghanistan, there are separate schools for girls and boys and it is estimated that only 16% of schools are for girls. Many rural and displaced girls are unable to attend school regularly. There are no specific menstrual hygiene management (MHM) policies; however, gender-separated toilets are the norm and girls’ washrooms have been incorporated into designs. O&M remains a huge problem. Poor security complicates matters.
The Government officially supports the provision of: gender-appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in both primary and secondary schools; menstrual hygiene management (MHM) guidance for students and teachers; and, facilities for the supply and disposal of MHM materials.
The Government supports the provision of gender-appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in schools and nunneries. However, there is poor operations and maintenance (O&M) and limited knowledge about menstruation among girls. Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) guidance for students has been developed and training for teachers is underway to improve their understanding of – and confidence to teach – menstruation and puberty.
While access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in schools is high, poor design and operations and maintenance (O&M) remain challenges and there are no specific menstrual hygiene management (MHM) policies or programmes. Formal hygiene education, trained school health assistants and good hygiene practices are lacking. MHM is not in the curriculum, and WASH needs to be integrated into education materials, alongside more training for school staff.
Nepal has a good track record of improving menstrual hygiene management (MHM) facilities, increasing access to affordable and hygienic sanitary materials, delivering creative awareness campaigns and policy advocacy, and developing the capacity of local stakeholders to promote MHM. Nevertheless, Operations and maintenance (O&M) of water, sanitation and hygiene in schools (WinS) remains challenging.
Various federal and provincial initiatives support menstrual hygiene management (MHM) in schools; the National water, sanitation and hygiene in schools (WinS) Strategy, Baluchistan WinS Strategy and Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa WinS Strategy all refer to MHM in WinS. Appropriate curricula together with teacher training are needed at provincial level.
Agencies implementing MHM as part of WinS are demonstrating lockable, girl-friendly toilets, including water taps, soap and disposal facilities like waste bins or incinerators for sanitary materials.
The Government aims to provide universal sanitation coverage by 2020 and to mainstream menstrual hygiene management (MHM) through new water, sanitation and hygiene in schools (WinS) policies. However, there is significant fragmentation of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) responsibilities.
There is increasing recognition that menstrual hygiene management (MHM) is a multi-sectoral issue that requires integrated action, particularly from the education, health and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sectors.
Numerous studies have shown that the lack of MHM-friendly facilities and support for schoolgirls and female teachers is a barrier to their full participation in school and thus to quality education.
Resumen y actuaciones
Synthèse et appel à action
En 2015, l’OMS et l’UNICEF ont publié le premier rapport mondial consacré à l’état des services d’eau, de l’assainissement et de l’hygiène (EAH) dans les établissements de santé des pays à revenu faible ou intermédiaire .