Unprecedented floods has bought havoc to the state of Kerala. For the first time in history, the state has witnessed a calamity of such scale. Incessant rainfall and opening of 27 dams across the state has rendered thousands of families homeless overnight across Wayanad, Palakkad, Idukki, Alappuzha and Kotayyam. Widespread landslides have been reported from Malappuram, Kozhikode, Idukki and Wayanad districts.
The northeastern part of India has been reeling under floods and landslides triggered by torrential rains. More than 6,50,000 people have been affected across the four states of Assam, Manipur, Mizoram and Tripura!
Floods are amongst the most damaging and recurrent of all disasters.
Data reveals that floods are at the top of the list of disasters that should worry us, defying our perceptions about most dangerous disasters that are often based around the more media savvy earthquakes. Additionally, floods are morphing into new and even more devastating forms in recent years.
Monsoons haven’t been modest this time. Heavy and incessant rains have led to severe flooding especially in Himalayan region, towards the north-eastern part of country. Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh are reeling under the first spell of severe flooding. Assam is suffering the third deadly spell since July this year. Over 1 crore people have been displaced across these five states alone, with 99 districts hit by floods.
This Discussion Paper has been prepared by a consortium of humanitarian assistance agencies in India to present a case for review of the decision by a few donors to discontinue support to India because of the apparent perception that India does not require overseas development assistance. It also reflects the commitment of humanitarian agencies to ensure that the Vision of “Zero Tolerance to Avoidable Deaths in Disasters” professed by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) of Government of India is honoured in letter and spirit.
Non-stop torrential rains, the worst seen in 100 years, have triggered an unprecedented flood situation in Tamil Nadu. Parts of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh are also affected. The incessant downpour has flooded numerous roads, neighbourhoods, train tracks and the airport runways. Residents have lost access to power supply and transport services. Daily life has been completely disrupted!
The high intensity earthquake that struck Nepal in the early hours of 25th April 2015, is possibly one of the worst earthquakes the country has witnessed in the recent times. The effect of disaster was not just limited Nepal, but damages was also reported from north eastern part of India including Sikkim, North Bihar, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and Northern Bengal.
The impact of earthquake was such that, in Nepal alone hundreds of people are feared dead and many still trapped in debris. Reports suggest large scale damage to homes, schools and infrastructure.
The incessant rains in the State of Jammu & Kashmir have led to heavy flooding; thereby impacting the lives of more than 1,75,000 people across 19 districts. The massive floods have submerged 450 villages, while 2500 villages are severely affected. The floods have swept away the houses of more than 30% of the population who lived on the river’s path.
THINK LONG-TERM, ACT LOCAL
The archipelago of over 7,100 islands that make up the Philippines has always been a massively disaster prone area. Yet, trends show that over the past few years, the frequency and intensity of typhoons have actually increased. The Philippines was hit by 56 storms between 1983 -1993; 67 between 1993-2003; and 91 in the last 10 years.
Heavy and non-stop rainfall has caused irreversible damage in the state of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. The worst flood affected districts are Uttarkashi, Chamoli, Rudraprayag, Pithorgarh in Uttarakhand and Kinnaur in Himachal Pradesh. Roads and essential infrastructure (bridges and health centres) have suffered extensive damage. There is an urgent need for humanitarian assistance to the local communities.
Geneva, 26 November 2012: SEEDS has become the first Indian national NGO to become certified by the Humanitarian Accountability Partnership International. Joining a growing list of national and international NGOs which recognise the value of the HAP certification scheme and the importance of installing processes that facilitate accountability in humanitarian action, SEEDS has demonstrated compliance with the 2010 HAP Standard in Accountability and Quality Management thanks to an extensive process of external auditing.
Vulnerability in Focus Following the 6.8 magnitude earthquake on September 18th, 2011, structures in Gangtok still stand live, but there are reports stating damages in parts of rural northern and eastern Sikkim that lie on the periphery of this urban capital.
Sikkim is not only susceptible to earthquakes, but also landslides, which have proved to be detrimental in reaching out to save lives.
Purpose of this strategy document
The flash floods in Leh in August 2010 were unprecedented in nature and scale, and have left a large section of the affected population at the mercy of the harsh climate. One of the most critical needs is to restore houses within the next few weeks so that those rendered homeless can survive the extreme winter.
SEEDS has worked on post-disaster shelter response in most of the major emergencies in the recent past, including Gujarat earthquake, Indian Ocean tsunami, Kashmir earthquake, Rajasthan floods, Orissa floods and Bihar Kosi floods.
Leh: At least 112 people have been killed and many more are missing after flash floods hit Leh in Ladakh. Reports said a number of people were killed and many injured in a massive cloudburst on Thursday night.
"We were sitting inside when we got to know about the floods.
Enabling a Safer World
The state of Orissa, East India is highly vulnerable to natural disasters. Flood is the most widespread and most significantly recurrent phenomenon. Each year the families in the Balasore district (most prone to floods) are left to cope with damaged houses and livelihoods with minimal resources.