As cash transfer programmes increasingly become a standard component of humanitarian responses, aid agencies and donors seek a more comprehensive understanding of delivery mechanisms that are effective, efficient, and offer good value for money, while meeting the preferences of affected people. This research project looks at how recipients of humanitarian cash transfers – including forcibly displaced people – experience cash assistance in different forms and combinations, particularly where these make use of digital delivery mechanisms.
The Central African Republic (CAR) is in the midst of a protection crisis. The latest round of violence in the country has left thousands dead and several million displaced. Civilians have been systematically targeted and their property looted and destroyed. The government has no capacity to safeguard its people, who have instead looked to a range of non-state actors – armed groups, churches and mosques and peacekeeping and humanitarian organisations – for what little protection they can find.
There are nearly 60 million refugees and displaced people in the world. Most have been displaced for years.
But myths and misconceptions remain about the length of displacement, where people are displaced from and how best to help them survive.
Here are 10 things to know about refugees and displacement. These graphics are based on findings from ‘Protracted displacement: uncertain paths to self-reliance in exile’, available at www.odi.org/hpg/protracted-displacement.
Drawing an exact picture of the global state of protracted displacement is an approximate and incomplete exercise. Each situation of protracted displacement is its own unique and complex system and the data available does not allow for the dimensions and characteristics to be understood.
DUBAI/LONDON, 23 December 2014 (IRIN) - Despite the popular perception that large parts of Iraq are cut off from international aid, new research by IRIN and the Overseas Development Institute’s Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) shows humanitarian assistance is in fact reaching people in areas of the country controlled by militants from the group calling itself Islamic State (IS).
The IRIN/HPG Crisis Brief is a new product designed for aid workers, policy makers and donors to address a gap in current analysis of humanitarian research and action.
Eleanor Davey and Eva Svoboda
The Sudanese people of the Nuba Mountains region in Southern Kordofan state and of Blue Nile state are no strangers to war. Over the past two years, they have again suffered regular, indiscriminate aerial bombardment and gunfire. People have been forced to hide in caves, with limited access to food, water and health care. Over 1.4 million people have been displaced by the current conflict. The majority – an estimated 1 million – are in the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement - North (SPLM-N)-controlled areas of Southern Kordofan and neighbouring Blue Nile state.
During 2012-13 HPG has continued ground-breaking policy research and analysis on the changing humanitarian landscape alongside public affairs and advisory work, reflecting HPG’s position as an authoritative voice in humanitarian affairs.
HPG Policy Briefs
In 2010, half of the world’s refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) were thought to be in urban areas, many of them in protracted displacement with little likelihood of ever returning home. Yet the implications of protracted urban displacement have not been given due weight by an international aid and governance system that has historically focused its displacement responses on rural camps.
This event was convened to examine the humanitarian implications of the war in Syria. By August 2012 the conflict had spread to the two major cities, Damascus and Aleppo displacing thousands and triggering the flight of hundreds of thousands of refugees.
Humanitarian research and policy has been largely silent on the links between youth, displacement and violence in urban environments, and in practice these issues are treated as separate areas of engagement.
This Policy Brief provides initial reflections on the phenomenon of urban violence, its links to urban displacement, particularly displaced youth, and the implications for humanitarian action.
The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) is undertaking a study on strengthening principled humanitarian response capacities with research input from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI). Donors and humanitarian actors have committed themselves to providing humanitarian aid in accordance with the following principles, which are enshrined in the Good Humanitarian Donorship (GHD) principles and the Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief:
Malnutrition is caused by inadequate dietary intake and disease, which in turn are caused by food insecurity, inadequate care and a poor health environment. In theory, cash transfers in emergency and transitional settings could address most if not all causes of malnutrition. However, attributing changes in nutritional status to interventions, including those using cash transfers, is extremely difficult.
Authors: Simone Haysom and Sara Pavanello
This study focuses on urbanisation, displacement and vulnerability in the Syrian capital, Damascus. Research aims to consider the reality of life for displaced populations in urban areas, investigate the policy and operational challenges that confront national and international stakeholders when responding to the needs of urban internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees, and offer recommendations for strengthening support to these populations.
HPG Working Papers, December 2011
Authors: Ellen Martin and Nina Sluga
This study explores the phenomenon of displacement in the urban environment and the implications and challenges it poses for humanitarian action in Yei, South Sudan.
Published by ODI, Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark as part of the HPG Working Papers series. This resources was an output of the following ODI project: Sanctuary in the city? Urban displacement and vulnerability .
HPG Working Papers, September 2011
Authors: Vicki Metcalfe and Sara Pavanello, with Prafulla Mishra
In recent decades Kenya has seen rapid urbanisation driven by a complex interplay of factors including chronic under-development, political and ethnic violence, climatic hazards, poor land management and limited economic opportunities. In 1999, one-third of the population was estimated to be living in urban settlements. This is expected to rise to 60% by 2030.