This HPG Report explores the lives and livelihoods of refugees living in protracted displacement. There is a need to better understand the livelihoods of refugees, particularly in the current geopolitical context: over 65 million people are displaced (more than 21m of whom are refugees); more than 75% of all displaced people live outside camps; and displacement is increasingly protracted, meaning that, far from accessing a durable solution in a timely manner, forced displacement is often a reality for multiple generations.
Catherine Bellamy, Simone Haysom, Caitlin Wake and Veronique Barbelet
More than 4.7 million refugees have fled Syria, most of them to neighbouring countries including Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Turkey. With 10% of Syrian refugees currently residing in camps, host governments and aid agencies have had to rethink conventional refugee assistance programmes designed for camp-based responses.
Rich countries are violating international norms on refugee protection and asylum, both in spirit and in practice, causing an erosion of refugee protection worldwide that risks overturning the international refugee regime.
Restrictive refugee policies in contexts such as Australia and Europe are creating ‘ripple effects’, fostering negative developments in lower-income countries such as Indonesia, Kenya and Jordan.
Syrian community provides aid where UN struggles to reach - new report
As the Syria conflict enters its fifth year, the growth of 600-700 diaspora and local aid groups has ‘filled the gap’ left by the limited presence of struggling international aid agencies, providing both assistance and protection to Syrians says a new report launched today by UK-based think tank the Overseas Development Institute (ODI).
For years, British humanitarian NGOs have criticised counter-terrorism laws for undermining their aid operations, and British Muslim NGOs have argued that they have been disproportionately affected by such laws. Banks have placed restrictions on the services they offer to various UK NGOs working in conflicts like Syria and Gaza while other NGOs have been hard hit by allegations of links to terrorism. All of this has affected the work of humanitarian organisations seeking to provide aid in high-risk conflict zones.
In the last three years, the conflict in Syria has claimed over 120,000 lives, and nearly 10 million people inside Syria are in need of humanitarian aid.
Civilians have been deliberately targeted by armed groups but not enough has been done to provide protection for them, despite wider policy and legal developments on the concept of protection of civilians. The international humanitarian response has been largely dedicated to securing access and delivering material aid – vital aspects of humanitarian assistance – but with limited focus on protection of civilians.
This paper addresses the role of the private sector in contributing to humanitarian action in Jordan. It examines the on-going Syrian refugee crisis, which has created opportunities as well as constraints for humanitarian–private sector collaboration over the course of the past two years.
This event was convened to examine the humanitarian implications of the war in Syria. By August 2012 the conflict had spread to the two major cities, Damascus and Aleppo displacing thousands and triggering the flight of hundreds of thousands of refugees.
This event was convened to discuss the humanitarian implications of the crisis in Syria, reflect on the current response of the international community and consider its impact on civilians caught up in the conflict. The roundtable assessed the ability of humanitarian actors to assess and respond to needs on the ground.
Authors: Simone Haysom and Sara Pavanello
This study focuses on urbanisation, displacement and vulnerability in the Syrian capital, Damascus. Research aims to consider the reality of life for displaced populations in urban areas, investigate the policy and operational challenges that confront national and international stakeholders when responding to the needs of urban internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees, and offer recommendations for strengthening support to these populations.
HPG COMMISSIONED REPORT