Given that the conflict in Ukraine has been ongoing for more than four years - without any political decision reached on how to resolve it - its consequences have spread over a wide range of areas, ranging from security and humanitarian to socio-economic and development issues. The crisis in Ukraine deteriorated in the face of a protracted conflict that affected more than 5 million people across the country. As a result, about 1.5 million people have been displaced from their homes and are becoming more and more vulnerable as the conflict continues in eastern Ukraine.
Somalia is facing a severe humanitarian crisis triggered by multiple natural disasters and long term political instability which are having a crippling effect on the country’s economy. Recovery efforts have not yet provided state building opportunities due to the fragile institutions in place and the rapidly changing natural phenomena that have led to an increase in population vulnerability to hazards.
Seven years of brutal conflict, bombing, massive destruction, and far too many lives lost. With no effective ceasefire in place, and no end to the war in sight, men, women and children are trapped, injured, cold and hungry. This is one of the biggest humanitarian crisis of our time. Seven years that have caused more than five million Syrians to flee across Syria’s borders and another six million to be displaced inside Syria.
Polish Humanitarian Action (PAH) extended its services in cholera hotspots in South Sudan, a region particularly affected due to recurring conflicts and natural disasters. In 2017 PAH’s Emergency Response Team raised large-scale public awareness on the importance of using latrines and was able to reach 15,895 beneficiaries giving them access to dignified, safe, clean and functional excreta disposal facilities. 43 functional sample latrines were constructed, principally in public institutions such as health centers, schools and market places.
1. Background: Intervention overview
1. Background: intervention overview
Situation before intervention:
The forced eviction and destruction of settlements that occurred on December 29th, 2017 in K13 camps in Kaxda District, Mogadishu, led to a displacement of over 24,000 IDPs. Due to the eviction being carried out without prior notice, families had to flee their homes without their belongings and seek shelter in nearby settlements. The scale of the eviction required an immediate scale up of humanitarian assistance to accommodate the needs of the large displaced population.
In only 25 years, PAH has become one of the largest and most active non-governmental, non-profit humanitarian organizations based out of Central Europe. PAH strives to alleviate the suffering of vulnerable communities during humanitarian crises including all phases of armed conflicts. PAH implements comprehensive WASH, FSL, NFI, Education, Shelter and Protection solutions in difficult-to-reach areas around the world. Currently PAH operates in Syria/Turkey, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, and Ukraine.
As the crisis in Syria enters its seventh year, civilians continue to bear the brunt of the conflict. 13.5 million people require humanitarian assistance, including 4.5 million people trapped in besieged and hard-to-reach areas.
Over half of the population has been forced to flee from their homes, and many people have been displaced multiple times, reducing their resilience and testing their coping strategies.
1. In-kind assistance project in Kurdistan successfully finalised
On 31 December 2017, PAH finalised the first module of the Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs project in Iraq. The “Polish Team for Relief Assistance in Kurdistan” project started on 1 July 2017. The objective was to provide food and hygiene assistance to Internally Displaced People from Mosul and Nineveh Governorate, local people of Irbil, new Internally Displaced People, mostly of Kurdish origins, and to Syrian refugees living outside the refugee camps.
Polish Humanitarian Action’s mission in South Sudan has reported great improvements in all the projects’ activities in recent interventions across the country. The mission has helped to improve the living conditions of the most vulnerable beneficiaries. l “There is a large population affected by South Sudan recent conflict in various parts of the region, coupled with natural disasters such as flood, food insecurity and diseases that put people’s lives at risk.
Polish Humanitarian Action (PAH) mission in South Sudan intervened in emergency shelter and nonfood items (ES & NFIs) by conducting series of needs assessments and distributions to reduce the suffering of the affected population in remote and hard to reach locations in South Sudan. The PAH Project coordinator for ES’ & NFIs, Lumaya Emmanuel said the emergency shelter and NFIs project was running for eight months beginning 1st of June 2017 and concluded on 31st January 2018.
The second half of 2017 was marked by several significant events in the northern part of Iraq. On 20 July 2017, the Iraqi Government Forces took full control over the city of Mosul and during the few months over 300 000 people decided to return to the city, while more than 900 000 still remain scattered thought IDP camps and in off-camp locations throughout northern Iraq, in particular in Erbil and Dohuk. In the second half of August, the Tal Afar region was also retaken by the Iraqi Government Forces, as a result of which an additional 40 000 people were displaced.
PAH aims to support refugees and vulnerable community members who cannot receive aid from other I/NGOs or government bodies. By distributing cash to 200 course attendees, PAH will contribute to making sure that these 200 vulnerable refugees and local community members will have access to quality training courses and materials for the same. This assistance will reduce the number of dropouts from training courses provided by Public Education Centre (PEC). In addition, it will help them find jobs by removing the barriers such as lack of language or professional skills.
As the conflict in Ukraine enters its fourth year, without any political decision to resolve it, its impact spills over a wide range of areas - from security and humanitarian to socio-economic and development of the whole nation. The crisis in Ukraine deteriorated in the face of a protracted conflict that affected more than 5 million people across the country. As a result, about 1.6 million people have been displaced from their homes and are becoming more and more vulnerable as the conflict continues in the Donbas region of Ukraine.
Polish Humanitarian Action (PAH) has been present in Somalia since 2011, providing aid to the most vulnerable people, mainly by projects in the sector of water, sanitation and hygiene.
In the last Non-Food Items (NFIs) project, which started on 1 October 2016 and ended in May 2017, Polish Humanitarian Action’s (PAH) emergency response team conducted 10 mobile interventions that made every effort possible to reach 93,412 IDPs through in-kind NFIs distribution. Explaining the mission, PAH’s project coordinator of NFIs/CBI projects, Lumaya Emmanuel, said his emergency response team assisted the most vulnerable host communities and returnees, mostly those who have found life so difficult to live in refugee camps in Uganda and have decided to return to Nimule.
Being a humanitarian worker in South Sudan might prove more challenging on different fronts. All ranging from lack of access, poor attitude from communities and their leaders, insecurity, and so on. Despite all this, vulnerable populations affected by conflict, epidemics and other natural calamities still need to be served or supported.
Since 2011, Polish Humanitarian Action (PAH) has been present in Somalia, providing aid to the most vulnerable people, mainly by activities in sector of water, sanitation and hygiene. Currently, PAH works in Southern Somalia, in areas neighboring Mogadishu, where significant numbers of IDPs are present.
Humanitarian Situation in this Area
Inter-Cluster Response Mission (ICRM) lead by UNOCHA went to Mayendit (Southern Unity) on 7th April 2017 to response to families affected by famine, where IOM and PAH, for Shelter and NFI Cluster, participated.