By Anthea Mulakala and Binayak Basyat
Despite rapid economic growth, conflict has persisted in many parts of Asia. Half of the countries in South and Southeast Asia have experienced subnational conflicts in recent decades. Many face the challenge of managing tensions between diverse ethnic and religious communities. Local conflicts associated with land, natural resources, and urban crime have also arisen as Asian countries have developed and urbanized. Protracted conflicts in the region have hindered development and growth, nationally and regionally.
Kathmandu, May 23, 2018 — Protracted conflicts in Asia have negatively impacted development and growth, nationally and regionally. Local conflicts, associated with land and natural resources, along with urban crime, are on the rise as Asian countries develop and urbanize.
By Huang Zhen
Women have a critical role to play in the development of Myanmar, but they face a broad range of challenges including low skills, limited employment opportunities, and inadequate representation and participation in governance. In response, The Asia Foundation is committed to gender equality in its program in Myanmar and works with the government, civil society organizations, business associations, media, and international development partners to support women to maximize their full potential.
Aid data use at country level: The example of Nepal
by Conrad Zellmann
By Barbara Rodriguez, Sofia Shakil and Adrian Morel
Globally, one in three women have experienced physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime. On March 6, The Asia Foundation in Washington, D.C., hosted a panel discussion on why gender-based violence remains so prevalent in Asia and the legal frameworks that exist (or don’t, but should) to protect women and girls. Here are four key takeaways from our presentations and the ensuing discussion.
By Mohammad Shoaib Haidary
This document aims to provide a more in-depth understanding of how gender informs environment-related vulnerabilities, and the impact of climate change and disaster risks on different groups of women’s and men’s lives and livelihoods in Cambodia.
The 2017 Survey of the Afghan People polled 10,012 Afghan respondents from 16 ethnic groups across all 34 provinces, including insecure and physically challenging environments. The annual survey is the longest-running and broadest nationwide survey of Afghan attitudes and opinions. Since 2004, the Survey has gathered the opinions of more than 97,000 Afghan men and women, providing a unique longitudinal portrait of evolving public perceptions of security, the economy, governance and government services, elections, media, women’s issues, and migration.
November 1, 2017
By Brayshna Kundi
As Myanmar emerges from decades of authoritarianism and isolation, significant progress toward peace has been made since 2011. But heavy fighting and deadly clashes have intensified in many of the country’s contested areas, in particular Rakhine State, which has led to massive displacement, and Kachin and Shan States.
The State of Conflict and Violence in Asia: Five Surprising Takeaways
By Barbara Rodriguez, Chen Tingting, Xian Warner
On March 14, 2017, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council approved new rules administering the use of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Fund. The new Rules represent the culmination of a Coalitions for Change (CfC) effort that began in June 2015 under the Partnership of the Australian Government and The Asia Foundation. This story describes the transformational policy change in Philippines disaster risk reduction and management, the process undertaken to introduce the policy reform, and key lessons from the experience.
Last week, a team of six teenage Afghan girls traveled to the United States to compete in an international robotics competition. But instead of grabbing global headlines for their remarkable achievements in engineering, all eyes were on an ugly and protracted visa battle with the U.S. in order for the girls to gain entry to attend the competition. Their perseverance paid off—not only did they receive their visas (after two failed attempts), they won a silver medal for courageous achievement.
By Mohan Das Manandhar, George Varughese, Arnold M. Howitt, and Erica Kelly
Using the 2015 earthquake response as a case study, this policy brief highlights the key factors that affected coordination between security-related agencies and the civilian agencies of the Government of Nepal, and identifies potential ways to improve future disaster responses. The paper also looks at ways that international organizations can support future efforts to improve the effectiveness of coordination in disaster response.
The strategic actions highlighted by the brief include: