The 2017 Survey of the Afghan People polled 10,012 Afghan respondents from 16 ethnic groups across all 34 provinces, including insecure and physically challenging environments. The annual survey is the longest-running and broadest nationwide survey of Afghan attitudes and opinions. Since 2004, the Survey has gathered the opinions of more than 97,000 Afghan men and women, providing a unique longitudinal portrait of evolving public perceptions of security, the economy, governance and government services, elections, media, women’s issues, and migration.
November 1, 2017
By Brayshna Kundi
As Myanmar emerges from decades of authoritarianism and isolation, significant progress toward peace has been made since 2011. But heavy fighting and deadly clashes have intensified in many of the country’s contested areas, in particular Rakhine State, which has led to massive displacement, and Kachin and Shan States.
The State of Conflict and Violence in Asia: Five Surprising Takeaways
By Barbara Rodriguez, Chen Tingting, Xian Warner
On March 14, 2017, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council approved new rules administering the use of the National Disaster Risk Reduction Management Fund. The new Rules represent the culmination of a Coalitions for Change (CfC) effort that began in June 2015 under the Partnership of the Australian Government and The Asia Foundation. This story describes the transformational policy change in Philippines disaster risk reduction and management, the process undertaken to introduce the policy reform, and key lessons from the experience.
Last week, a team of six teenage Afghan girls traveled to the United States to compete in an international robotics competition. But instead of grabbing global headlines for their remarkable achievements in engineering, all eyes were on an ugly and protracted visa battle with the U.S. in order for the girls to gain entry to attend the competition. Their perseverance paid off—not only did they receive their visas (after two failed attempts), they won a silver medal for courageous achievement.
By Mohan Das Manandhar, George Varughese, Arnold M. Howitt, and Erica Kelly
Using the 2015 earthquake response as a case study, this policy brief highlights the key factors that affected coordination between security-related agencies and the civilian agencies of the Government of Nepal, and identifies potential ways to improve future disaster responses. The paper also looks at ways that international organizations can support future efforts to improve the effectiveness of coordination in disaster response.
The strategic actions highlighted by the brief include:
April 5, 2017
By Claire Anderson
On March 17, the United Nations Security Council adopted a resolution to extend the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) until March 17, 2018, citing the specific need to enhance governance and rule of law in the country.
Afghanistan is considered one of the most dangerous countries in the world to be a woman. Contributing factors include different forms of gender-based violence, poor education, limited access to healthcare, and not being allowed outside the home. Sadly, many Afghan women also face forced child marriage—despite it being illegal.
March 8, 2017
By Zeeshan Ali
In January, Pakistan’s National Assembly approved a government bill for out-of-court settlements, known as the Alternate Dispute Resolution (ADR) Bill. The move paves the way for non-traditional dispute mechanisms, such as the jirga or panchayat, to complement the formal system of justice and provide a means of settling disputes outside of Pakistan’s beleaguered court system.
One and a half years after the devastating earthquakes in Nepal, how have conditions in the affected zone evolved? This brief provides preliminary findings from the third round of the Foundation’s longitudinal mixed method research, Independent Impacts and Recovery Monitoring Nepal (IRM) project, which was conducted in September 2016. Full reports will follow in February.
The earthquakes of April and May 2015 caused massive housing destruction with over half a million houses collapsed or badly damaged. Over 18 months on from the earthquakes, the pace of reconstruction has been slow. Most people whose homes were damaged remained in self-constructed temporary shelters or had moved back into their dangerously damaged houses. In order to get people back into safer, permanent housing, the Government of Nepal and major donors developed the Nepal Rural Housing Reconstruction Program (RHRP).
By Kim Jolliffe and Emily Speers Mears
In the early weeks after the earthquakes of April and May 2015, The Asia Foundation conducted a study aimed at assessing its impacts on the ground and understanding whether the emergency aid that was flowing in to affected areas was helping people recover.