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22 May 2012 description

The recent trends in the West African sub-region display various contradictions. On the one hand, certain political and economic developments give reason for optimism. On the other hand, new and very serious threats have emerged over the last years which – if not addressed adequately – could undercut gains made and erode stability and security in the whole region. On the positive side, economic growth rates have been promising, and elections have become well established as the only legitimate way of changing the government.

31 Dec 2009 description

SAMUEL ATUOBI

KAIPTC MONOGRAPH No. 6

ABSTRACT

Using Sierra Leone as a case study, this paper examines the role of peace support operations (PSOs) and electoral assistance in post-conflict elections, and how they contribute to peace implementation and the restoration of democracy. In this paper, the role of PSOs and electoral assistance is seen as essential for the conduct of free, fair and transparent elections in post-conflict states.

31 Oct 2009 description

By Emma Birikorang

KAIPTC Occasional Paper No. 25

Introduction

The adoption of the Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU) in July 2000 as well as the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council marked a new chapter in the history of the regional organization. Particularly, the establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC), as a decision-making organ for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts was heralded as a renewal of African commitment to legally and politically recommit to peace and security on the continent.

01 Sep 2009 description
This policy brief argues that the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) presents opportunities for burden?sharing between states and the international community in the protection of the world’s population from mass killings. This opportunity, the brief further argues, must be seized by world leaders during the July 2009 debate at the UN General Assembly on the concept.
31 Dec 2008 description

Inside this issue:

- Japan's Support for SALW in West Africa 1

- Organised Crime in the Global Context 1

- China's Africa Security Policy 3

- New KAIPTC Newsletter 4

- CPMRD Team-building Workshop 4

- Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre,[KAIPTC] Contact 4

01 Dec 2007 description

Since their inception, West African states have been facing corruption as a major problem. In some cases, it has attained levels of gross and egregious theft, for which no possible moral or historical justification can be advanced, and which has played a major role, both in the impoverishment of the region as a whole and specifically in the alienation of its people from their rulers.

01 Sep 2007 description

This paper assesses the partnership between ECOWAS and civil society organizations in the implementation of the early warning system. It explores options for strengthening this partnership to facilitate early response, contending, among others, that the role of civil society should go beyond early warning information gathering to include a recognized responsibility endorsed and supervised by ECOWAS to intervene in community and natinal level confflicts.

30 Jun 2007 description

Extract

Introduction

As will be discussed later in this paper, the Darfur case offers an opportunity to examine and analyze the situation of IDPs who have been displaced because of violent armed conflict on a massive scale and in a situation where the host government is unwilling either to provide assistance or provide the enabling environment for such support from outside.

01 Apr 2007 description

This paper advances the argument that if capacity-building programmes were to instead operate from the idea of a strategic global-regional partnership - and thereby practical division of peacekeeping roles, responsibility, and labour - conflict management conducted by the AU could not only perhaps be made more feasible, but could ultimately be transformed into a pivotal component of the African peace and security architecture.

01 Dec 2006 description

Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are often characterized as the unintended human fallout of conflict; the unfortunate victims of war.

01 Jul 2006 description

Since mid-90s, there has been a concerted and continuing drive by developed countries to assist Africans with a range of capacity -building programs aimed at developing continental peace operations capabilities.

01 Jun 2006 description

The integrated mission has come into existence in the face of modern "total war", where the classic UN peacekeeping and humanitarian responses proved insufficient to support a sustainable war to peace transition. Integration is designed to streamline UN peace support processes and ensure that the objectives of all UN forces and agencies are channelled towards a common overarching goal.

01 May 2006 description

The aim of this paper is to explore particular cross border crimes in West Africa, and recommend options for effective responses. In doing this, it seeks to: (a) identify and discuss the different categories of cross-border crime; (b) review efforts aimed at curbing cross-border criminal activities by looking at levels of state collaborative processes and regulatory frameworks; and finally (d) recommend effective options for government and civil society action on the issue.

01 Feb 2006 description

The aim of this report is to capture and collate the essence of the presentations and discussions at the expert's workshop, with particular attention to the proposed roadmap and the way forward for ECOWAS in developing its non-military mission capabilities.



The emphasis throughout the workshop was on the need for common understanding, co-operation and consensus. The presentation and elaboration of the roadmap is preceded by a brief summary and presentations.

01 Dec 2005 description

The aim of this paper is to highlight the negative effects that the lack of security in refugee camps in West Africa can have on individuals and society as a whole, and to suggest measures to address the security gap. This is done by outlining the primary sources of insecurity in refugee camps, and examining the general capabilities and will of both host governments and the UNHCR to address the causes of insecurity. This provides the background to a discussion of possible measures for enhancing refugee security in general and specific recommendations for doing so in West Africa.

01 Sep 2005 description

This paper focuses on the notion that "collaboration with CSOs (civil society organisations) constitutes one of the most (cost) effective and sustainable ways" of overcoming recognised deficencies in the AU's analytic and operational capacity. The aim is to critically examine the prospect of civil-society based research institutions making a meaningful contribution to African conflict prevention strategies.

01 Aug 2005 description

The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the more salient requirements for intelligence in African peace operations, and to provide insights into how these needs are (or are not) being met. It does so with specific reference to intelligence needs related to civilian protection, arms embargoes and DDR, and to the role played by Military Observers, Political Affairs Officers and appointed experts in peace operations. The paper concludes with an overview of ongoing efforts to establish Joint Mission Analysis Cells as a solution to current intelligence deficits.

01 Mar 2005 description

The aim of this paper is to analyse what kind of mindset, skills and knowledge peacekeepers have to obtain, to become competent in unfamiliar multicultural contexts, and to explore how this competence might possibly be acquired through training. This is done against a brief background on the concept of culture and cultural diversity within peace operations. The relationships between culture and behaviour are then explored with reference to cases of sexual abuse by peacekeepers and the efficacy of codes of conduct.

01 Feb 2005 description

The aim of this paper is to critically examine the concept of conflict prevention as a viable means for enhancing peace and security in Africa, in order to suggest meaningful points of engagement for concerned donors and partners. It does so against the background of seemingly ubiquitous conflict potential, and a brief conceptual analysis of conflict prevention and peace-building.