The recent trends in the West African sub-region display various contradictions. On the one hand, certain political and economic developments give reason for optimism. On the other hand, new and very serious threats have emerged over the last years which – if not addressed adequately – could undercut gains made and erode stability and security in the whole region. On the positive side, economic growth rates have been promising, and elections have become well established as the only legitimate way of changing the government.
KAIPTC MONOGRAPH No. 6
Using Sierra Leone as a case study, this paper examines the role of peace support operations (PSOs) and electoral assistance in post-conflict elections, and how they contribute to peace implementation and the restoration of democracy. In this paper, the role of PSOs and electoral assistance is seen as essential for the conduct of free, fair and transparent elections in post-conflict states.
By Emma Birikorang
KAIPTC Occasional Paper No. 25
The adoption of the Constitutive Act of the African Union (AU) in July 2000 as well as the Protocol Relating to the Establishment of the Peace and Security Council marked a new chapter in the history of the regional organization. Particularly, the establishment of the Peace and Security Council (PSC), as a decision-making organ for the prevention, management and resolution of conflicts was heralded as a renewal of African commitment to legally and politically recommit to peace and security on the continent.
Inside this issue:
- Japan's Support for SALW in West Africa 1
- Organised Crime in the Global Context 1
- China's Africa Security Policy 3
- New KAIPTC Newsletter 4
- CPMRD Team-building Workshop 4
- Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre,[KAIPTC] Contact 4
Since their inception, West African states
have been facing corruption as a major problem. In some cases, it has attained
levels of gross and egregious theft, for which no possible moral or historical
justification can be advanced, and which has played a major role, both
in the impoverishment of the region as a whole and specifically in the
alienation of its people from their rulers.
This paper assesses the partnership between ECOWAS and civil society organizations in the implementation of the early warning system. It explores options for strengthening this partnership to facilitate early response, contending, among others, that the role of civil society should go beyond early warning information gathering to include a recognized responsibility endorsed and supervised by ECOWAS to intervene in community and natinal level confflicts.
As will be discussed later in this paper, the Darfur case offers an opportunity to examine and analyze the situation of IDPs who have been displaced because of violent armed conflict on a massive scale and in a situation where the host government is unwilling either to provide assistance or provide the enabling environment for such support from outside.
This paper advances the argument that if
capacity-building programmes were to instead operate from the idea of a
strategic global-regional partnership - and thereby practical division
of peacekeeping roles, responsibility, and labour - conflict management
conducted by the AU could not only perhaps be made more feasible, but could
ultimately be transformed into a pivotal component of the African peace
and security architecture.
Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) are often characterized as the unintended human fallout of conflict; the unfortunate victims of war.
Since mid-90s, there has been a concerted
and continuing drive by developed countries to assist Africans with a range
of capacity -building programs aimed at developing continental peace operations
The integrated mission has come into existence in the face of modern "total war", where the classic UN peacekeeping and humanitarian responses proved insufficient to support a sustainable war to peace transition. Integration is designed to streamline UN peace support processes and ensure that the objectives of all UN forces and agencies are channelled towards a common overarching goal.
The aim of this paper is to explore particular
cross border crimes in West Africa, and recommend options for effective
responses. In doing this, it seeks to: (a) identify and discuss the different
categories of cross-border crime; (b) review efforts aimed at curbing cross-border
criminal activities by looking at levels of state collaborative processes
and regulatory frameworks; and finally (d) recommend effective options
for government and civil society action on the issue.
The aim of this report is to capture and collate the essence of the presentations and discussions at the expert's workshop, with particular attention to the proposed roadmap and the way forward for ECOWAS in developing its non-military mission capabilities.
The emphasis throughout the workshop was on the need for common understanding, co-operation and consensus. The presentation and elaboration of the roadmap is preceded by a brief summary and presentations.
The aim of this paper is to highlight the negative effects that the lack of security in refugee camps in West Africa can have on individuals and society as a whole, and to suggest measures to address the security gap. This is done by outlining the primary sources of insecurity in refugee camps, and examining the general capabilities and will of both host governments and the UNHCR to address the causes of insecurity. This provides the background to a discussion of possible measures for enhancing refugee security in general and specific recommendations for doing so in West Africa.
This paper focuses on the notion that "collaboration with CSOs (civil society organisations) constitutes one of the most (cost) effective and sustainable ways" of overcoming recognised deficencies in the AU's analytic and operational capacity. The aim is to critically examine the prospect of civil-society based research institutions making a meaningful contribution to African conflict prevention strategies.
The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the more salient requirements for intelligence in African peace operations, and to provide insights into how these needs are (or are not) being met. It does so with specific reference to intelligence needs related to civilian protection, arms embargoes and DDR, and to the role played by Military Observers, Political Affairs Officers and appointed experts in peace operations. The paper concludes with an overview of ongoing efforts to establish Joint Mission Analysis Cells as a solution to current intelligence deficits.
The aim of this paper is to analyse what kind of mindset, skills and knowledge peacekeepers have to obtain, to become competent in unfamiliar multicultural contexts, and to explore how this competence might possibly be acquired through training. This is done against a brief background on the concept of culture and cultural diversity within peace operations. The relationships between culture and behaviour are then explored with reference to cases of sexual abuse by peacekeepers and the efficacy of codes of conduct.
The aim of this paper is to critically examine the concept of conflict prevention as a viable means for enhancing peace and security in Africa, in order to suggest meaningful points of engagement for concerned donors and partners. It does so against the background of seemingly ubiquitous conflict potential, and a brief conceptual analysis of conflict prevention and peace-building.