Being recognized as Central African and taking part in a new social contract based on inclusion were ultimately the two most prominent demands expressed by Muslim and Peuhl refugees. Only in a Central African state renewed from its very foundation can justice for past violations have an impact and truly improve lives.
This fall, ICTJ will publish “Transitional Justice and Education: Learning Peace,” a new edited volume which explores the ways in which societies can harness education to address the legacies of past human rights abuses. From preventing the recurrence of violence to reintegrating conflict-affected children and youth and even serving as a means of reparations, education plays a critical role in the transition out of conflict or repression.
For decades, Lebanese governments have made only partial and ineffective attempts to hold powerful individuals, groups, and foreign states accountable for violations committed on Lebanese soil, including against civilians. The consequences of their failure to act – for victims and Lebanese society – are grave.
ICTJ's new report, Failing to Deal with the Past: What Cost to Lebanon?, looks at the culture of impunity for serious violations of human rights, which continues to thrive in Lebanon.
This report examines how and to what extent transitional justice approaches have engaged children and considered their needs and perspectives, analyzing the experience of truth-seeking mechanisms, criminal justice, reparations, and institutional reform. It is based on the distilled results of assessments in Colombia, the Ituri District of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Liberia, and Nepal.
NAIROBI/NEW YORK, March 10, 2011-As a signatory to the Rome Statute, Kenya should continue to meet all of its obligations to cooperate with the International Criminal Court (ICC), the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) said after the ICC issued summonses for the appearance of six individuals in relation to Kenya's 2007-2008 post-election violence.
"This decision marks a momentous step in the fight against impunity and the quest for justice for victims of the violence," said Suliman Baldo, director of ICTJ's Africa Program. "This process should …
Kenya: Beware of 'Constitution without Constitutionalism'
NAIROBI/NEW YORK, Oct.
KYRGYZSTAN MISSION REPORT MAY 30-JUNE 6, 2010
Marcie Mersky, Bogdan Ivaniševi?, Eugene Huskey
During the last five years, Kyrgyzstan has experienced two popular uprisings-in March 2005 and April 6-7, 2010-that have led to the overthrow of the government and the deepening of political and social divisions in the country. In both cases, the uprisings came as a reaction to governments that were increasingly corrupt, repressive, and authoritarian.
MONROVIA/NEW YORK, May 11, 2010-Despite serious weaknesses in the Liberia Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) report, accountability and victims' rights are critical to Liberia's recovery process and the TRC's recommendations must still be debated and taken forward, said the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ) today in the release of its report: Beyond the Truth and Reconciliation Commission: Transitional Justice Options in Liberia.
"The issues raised by the TRC process, including the need for justice, accountability, and reconciliation, …
Le Cap (Afrique du Sud), 9 Octobre 2009 - La Commission d'enquête sur le massacre d'environ 150 personnes par des éléments de l'armée guinéenne, le 28 septembre 2009, doit être indépendant, impartiale et doit comporter une participation internationale importante, déclare le Centre International pour la justice transitionnelle (CIJT).
L'Union Africaine (UA) et la Communauté économique des Etats d'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEDEAO) doivent jouer un rôle de premier rang dans cette enquête, de sorte que l'impunité ne prévale pas, tels que stipulent la Charte Africaine …
Burma (also known as Myanmar) has been under military rule since 1962 when General Ne Win took power from the democratically elected government. Following nationwide protests in 1988, another coup marked the commencement of the current regime (initially called the State Law and Order Restoration Council, or SLORC, and now called the State Peace and Development Council, or SPDC). The new regime promised to usher in democracy and elections were held in 1990.
1. Although there have been some important achievements in Bosnia and Herzegovina in terms of transitional justice, a number of substantive concerns remain. Most efforts by authorities have focused on the processing of war crimes trials before the State Court, while paying less attention to other transitional justice initiatives.
2. The National Strategy for processing of war crimes cases, adopted by the Council of Ministers in late 2008, does not fully remedy the problem of inequality of citizens before the law in war crimes prosecutions.
Warisha Farasat and Priscilla Hayner
In April 2008 historic elections to Nepal's Constituent Assembly led to a political watershed: former Maoist guerrillas surprised everyone by coming out ahead, suggesting that a new era had come to Nepal. In its first sitting, the Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a republic and brought an end to the 250-year-old monarchy.
Earlier, in April 2006, an extraordinary "people's movement" had forced the king to retreat from the political sphere and restore democracy.
The Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL or Special Court) was established in 2002 when the two United Nations (UN) ad hoc international tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda had already existed for several years and when the first lessons could be drawn from their experiences.
Scott Cunliffe, Eddie Riyadi, Raimondus Arwalembun, Hendrik Boli Tobi
Indonesia, now a decade into democratic reform, is no stranger to conflict. Its history is littered with episodes of mass violence, whether state-sponsored, communally driven or separatist in nature. But in recent times the Indonesian government has successfully negotiated several peace agreements and brought about an end to mass human rights violations.
The relationship between transitional justice and security system - or sector - reform (SSR) is understudied, yet both contribute to state-building, democratisation and peacebuilding in countries with a legacy of massive human rights abuse.
Timor-Leste is a young country that has undergone a turbulent transition following 24 years of violent Indonesian occupation. After formally declaring independence in 2002, it suffered from a brief but violent breakdown of security in 2006, as security forces fought between and amongst themselves. Relative order was restored with the help of an international military contingent.
The human cost of the DRC's wars is immense. The massive extent of human rights violations (including widespread rape and sexual violence) committed since the 1990s in the DRC has been extensively documented, at great personal risk, by Congolese human rights defenders, civil society groups and religious organisations, as well as international non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and agencies.