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17 Oct 2017 description

by Jerome Bossuet | @JeromeandAlina | ICRISAT
Monday, 16 October 2017 16:07 GMT

  • Any views expressed in this article are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Most Nigeriens depend on farming but widespread soil degradation and climate variability make it difficult to sustain a family all year long.

17 Oct 2017 description

by Justus Wanzala | Thomson Reuters Foundation Monday, 16 October 2017 15:30 GMT

Using imported seed, "you are not sure if you will harvest enough to offset the costs" - so local seed is gaining ground, farmers say

MATUNGULU, Kenya, Oct 16 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) – The onset of long rains in Matungulu, a sub-county of Machakos County in eastern Kenya, heralds a race against time for local farmers.

17 Oct 2017 description

by Alex Whiting | Thomson Reuters Foundation Monday, 16 October 2017 11:59 GMT

Hunger levels have begun to rise for the first time in a decade, the United Nations says

ROME, Oct 16 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Wars and climate change are two major causes of hunger, so the plight that now affects 815 million people should not be treated as "an incurable disease", Pope Francis said on World Food Day.

Hunger levels have begun to rise for the first time in a decade, the United Nations says. Here are some key facts:

13 Oct 2017 description

by Yasmin Bendaas

CHEMORA, Algeria, Oct 12 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Squinting under a relentless sun, Houssin Ghodbane watches his son tend a flock of 120 of their sheep. Heads bowed, the sheep slowly search for sparse vegetation poking through the parched, crunchy soil.

Fifty-year-old Ghodbane, his tanned face etched with deep lines, has been herding sheep for 20 years, having inherited the job and land from his father. But in this dry region, worsening cycles of drought are posing new challenges to an old profession.

12 Oct 2017 description

People making $1,000 a year or less are most likely to die in disasters, research shows

By Laurie Goering

LONDON, Oct 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Fatalities and economic losses from severe weather are rising in many of the world's poorest countries as climate change and a lack of disaster preparedness worsen threats, risk experts said.

Over the last 35 years, 60 percent of weather-related deaths globally were among people who earn $1,000 a year or less, said Ernst Rauch, a strategy expert at German reinsurance firm Munich Re.

12 Oct 2017 description

Humanitarian agencies are helping refugees learn new skills and set up businesses in Chadian towns, working with - and serving - local people

By Inna Lazareva

DIBA 1, Chad, Oct 11 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When armed gunmen stormed Ashta Sahade's hometown of Bocaranga in Central African Republic, the only possession she grabbed as she fled was her unwieldy rectangular knitting machine.

11 Oct 2017 description

"If you have been treated like an animal and sold over and over again it means you are nothing... you are nobody, so they are really reduced to poor slaves"

By Umberto Bacchi

LONDON, Oct 10 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - It was a lucky haircut that opened the doors of Iraq to Father Patrick Desbois.

In 2015, the French priest was trying to find a way to get into Iraq and help the Yazidi people fleeing Islamic State militants, after watching their suffering on TV for months.

11 Oct 2017 description

"Over 130 million girls are still out of school - that's over 130 million potential engineers, entrepreneurs, teachers and politicians whose leadership the world is missing out on" By Adela Suliman

LONDON, Oct 10 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Girls are least likely to be in school in South Sudan, with nearly three-quarters of school-age girls out of the classroom, followed by Central African Republic, Niger and Afghanistan, all countries hit by conflict, a report said on Tuesday.

10 Oct 2017 description

A person in Asia-Pacific is five times more likely to be hit by a natural disaster than someone living in other regions

By Beh Lih Yi

KUALA LUMPUR, Oct 10 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - More than 2 million people - an average of 43,000 per year - have been killed by natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific region since 1970, according to the latest United Nations' figures.

10 Oct 2017 description

Can charcoal made from pest thorn trees help keep refugees warm and fed?

By Anthony Langat

KAKUMA, Kenya, Oct 10 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Turkana County is one of Kenya's most arid regions, but land near the town of Kakuma sports a dense thicket of thorny trees.

That's not good news. The plant is Prosopis juliflora, a fast-growing invasive species that has wreaked havoc by taking over land once used for pasture, choking rivers and overwhelming indigenous trees in this part of northwest Kenya.

05 Oct 2017 description

"Many people are displaced but they are in areas that are highly militarised. There's a pressure that you have to be prepared, that war can explode at any time"

By Anna Pujol-Mazzini

TALISH, Azerbaijan, Oct 5 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Conflict can be long, slow and boring. Especially for the civilians stuck in its midst, living a half life that is neither full war nor genuine peace.

It is more than 20 years since a ceasefire formally ended fighting between ethnic Azeris and Armenians in the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh.

05 Oct 2017 description

By Amantha Perera

PERIYAKULAM, Sri Lanka, Oct 5 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - At 52 years old, with two grown children, Newton Gunathileka thought he should be working less by this point. Instead he has never worked so hard – and earned so little.

Gunathileka, from the Sri Lankan village of Periyakulam, in the North Western Puttalam District, is among hundreds of thousands of rural Sri Lankans who have borne the brunt of the worst drought in four decades.

04 Oct 2017 description

by Inna Lazareva

Refugees have built up an impressive support network, but August election has resurfaced old political tensions

YAOUNDÉ, Oct 3 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - For Francois Xavier, July 17, 1994 will be forever etched on his memory as the day he cheated death.

"We were running through gunfire," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation, seated on a courtyard bench in downtown Yaoundé, Cameroon's capital. "Behind, they were shooting at us."

02 Oct 2017 description

A community of students and young professionals are developing a digital map of their country and plotting flood-prone areas on their smartphones

By Morgane Le Cam

NIAMEY, Oct 2 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Fatima Alher watches her step, careful not to sink knee-deep in the water flooding the rice fields of Kirkisoy, a neighbourhood in Niger's capital.

Her colleagues help lift her over the biggest puddles – a task complicated by the fact that they barely take their eyes off their smartphones.

01 Oct 2017 description

South Sudan, home to the Nile, is not considered to be a water-scarce country. But civil war and hyperinflation have created a water crisis

By Stefanie Glinski

JUBA, Sept 30 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When Jimmy's parents finally pulled their son out of the churning river, his body was already lifeless and limp, heavy in the arms of his father.

29 Sep 2017 description

by Anastasia Moloney | @anastasiabogota | Thomson Reuters Foundation Thursday, 28 September 2017 14:30 GMT

Having more gender equal and ethnically diverse set of judges means they are more likely to recognise that war affected different groups in society in different ways

By Anastasia Moloney

BOGOTA, Sept 28(Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Women will make up more than half of all judges in Colombia's war tribunals, a historic move that gives women an equal say in building peace after half a century of war.

29 Sep 2017 description

by Charles Mkoka | @chamkoka | Thomson Reuters Foundation

Malawi's government is under pressure to protect rights of farmers to choose local seed as the country revises its farm policies

By Charles Mkoka

LILONGWE, Sept 29 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Malawi's government has given in to mounting pressure to recognise the importance of locally grown and saved crop seeds, as well as commercially produced varieties, as it revises the country's farm policies.

22 Sep 2017 description

Hotter weather and migration to cities may make different diseases the scourge of the future in Africa, scientists say

By Kieran Guilbert Friday, 22 September 2017

DAKAR, Sept 22 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - From deadly droughts and destroyed crops to shrinking water sources, communities across sub-Saharan Africa are struggling to withstand the onslaught of global record-breaking temperatures.

21 Sep 2017 description

More than 60 percent of displaced people use digital tools like Facebook, camera phones and messaging apps to actively monitor the status of their properties

By Chris Arsenault

TORONTO, Sept 21 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - In camps across northern Iraq, people forced from their homes by Islamic State militants are using their phones to track what is happening to their properties, according to researchers who say returning home is crucial for building a safe future in the war-torn nation.

20 Sep 2017 description

"The sheer number of people pouring in, the magnitude of the situation is quite overwhelming"

By Rina Chandran

MUMBAI, Sept 20 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Dozens of midwives have been deployed to camps in Bangladesh to deliver babies and help young mothers among the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees who have fled across the border from Myanmar and are now living in squalid settlements.