By Wilson John D. Barbon (Program Manager, Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation Program, IIRR)
On April 25, 2015, a 7.9-magnitude earthquake hit 48 kilometers north of Kathmandu, the capital city of Nepal. The reverberations were felt across the country. 9,000 people perished in the disaster and over half a million homes were destroyed.
By Mansi Desai, Give2Asia Marketing Intern
April 25th, 2015 was a dark day for the people of Nepal. Over 3 million people were rendered homeless, 22,000 were injured, and at least 9,000 were killed in what was one of the deadliest earthquakes to have struck the country. Measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale, the earthquake struck about 40 miles away from the capital city, Kathmandu, wrecking entire communities. Along with people's’ livelihoods, Nepal’s cultural sites were also destroyed.
Since January 2014, Give2Asia has partnered with community-based organizations (CBOs) in South and Southeast Asia to understand best practices and learnings for locally-led disaster preparedness and community resilience. This work has helped Give2Asia to identify specific CBO partners as part of an extensive effort to make Disaster Preparedness a larger part of the portfolio of international philanthropists and corporate foundations.
This Paper’s Intended Audience
As darkened clouds signal the arrival of “April Showers,” we dust off our rubber boots, unwieldy umbrellas, and – for the worst days – a waxed jacket from the closet corner. We gripe about worsened commutes, expressing contempt for traffic congestion and pesky puddles that drench our pant legs. For Northern Thailand’s Karen people, however, the rain is more than a nuisance; it threatens their livelihoods.
Silang, Cavite, Philippines & San Francisco, California USA
On March 14 - 18, experts from around the world will gather in Sendai, Japan for the World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR). The meeting will lay down the guiding framework for how the world addresses natural disasters for the next 10 years.
Four years prior to the date of the WCDRR, a 9.0 earthquake struck 80 miles east of Sendai, sending 128 feet waves six miles inland. The Great East Japan Earthquake claimed the lives of 180,000 and caused $360 billion in damage. Many of the survivors were left with nothing and severely traumatized.
On December 26, 2004, a 9.1 Richter scale earthquake struck in the middle of the Indian Ocean, 240 kilometers from the coast of Aceh province in Indonesia. The quake launched a tsunami that sent destruction all around the region, but nowhere saw more destruction than Aceh itself. Of a total population of four and a quarter million Achenese, more than 120,000 lives were lost and 90,000 people went missing. More than 500,000 people lost their homes, 150,000 children were left without schools, and 750,000 people lost their livelihoods.
A full year after Super Typhoon Yolanda wrought havoc in the Eastern Visayas provinces of the Philippines, the Filipino-American community continues to rally in support of those aected. The disaster claimed almost 6,500 lives, caused $2.86 billion in damage, and aected 16 million people.
Disaster Vulnerability and Donor Opportunity in South and Southeast Asia outlines opportunities for donors of all kinds to support disaster preparedness and risk reduction programs in six of the world's most at-risk countries. It offers strategic advice for donors to make the most impact with each investment, and how to integrate resilience into current strategies.
2013 Cambodian Floods
Late September 2013, heavy rains in 20 of Cambodia’s 24 provinces resulted in heavy flooding along the Mekong River and throughout the north and west. In total, the floods killed 188 and displaced 1.7 million people. More than 1,000 schools were completely destroyed, roughly 1,500 miles of roads were washed away, and over 200,000 to 244,000 hectares of rice fields were lost.
On September 25, 2013, a 7.7 magnitude earthquake at a depth of 12 miles struck 66 miles northeast of the Pakistani city of Awaran, home to 118,173 people according to the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Almost 90% of all the homes in Awaran, averaging 5.4 inhabitants per home, were destroyed. In all, 20,000 homes were flattened in the Baluchistan (Balochistan) region.
It has been almost a year ago since Super Typhoon Haiyan, known as Typhoon Yolanda locally, left its trail of destruction in the Philippines. Tacloban City was one of the cities that directly felt the impact of the typhoon, leaving about 95% of the city in ruins and displacing approximately 12,000 households.
Give2Asia partnered with various organizations in order to develop the necessary response needed in order to facilitate community rebuilding in the different disaster-stricken areas.