Neta C. Crawford
All told, between 480,000 and 507,000 people have been killed in the United States’ post-9/11 wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. This tally of the counts and estimates of direct deaths caused by war violence does not include the more than 500,000 deaths from the war in Syria, raging since 2011, which the US joined in August 2014.
Costs of War Research Shows War Related Deaths in Afghanistan and Pakistan at 149,000
June 2, 2015 Contact: Marisa Quinn (401) 369-4204
Providence, RI – Direct war deaths: 149,000. Serious war-related injuries: 162,000. Impacts on infrastructure and the human condition: extensive.
Kosova and Libya are juxtaposed nowadays in suggesting what humanitarian intervention can do, Institute Director Michael Kennedy noted in a recent essay on jadaliyya.com. And in that context, "it's not just a question of the strike, it's the follow through that should be of concern as well," he wrote, pointing out that Kosova remains under the jurisdiction of international agencies more than 10 years after NATO bombed Serbia and its forces to defend Kosovars from genocide.
A focus on non-military tactics is key for curbing the Taliban and Al Qaeda threat, according to Richard Barrett, the United Nations Coordinator of the Analytical Support and Sanctions Implementation Monitoring Team (also known as the Al-Qaeda/Taliban Monitoring Team).
Barrett, speaking last semester at the Institute, identified the Taliban-Al Qaeda nexus as "the critical question of the future."
The war in Afghanistan has been critical "to the way that the international community adjusts from dealing with specific [geographically defined] threats to ...
November 09, 2010 The shaky reinsertion of former combatants in Colombia highlights the elusiveness of reconciliation after more than four decades of violent civil war, according to medical anthropologist Kimberly Theidon.
In certain cases, returning paramilitaries are feted as saviors. But other communities are not warned of the reinsertion - "they wake up and say there are killers living on my street corner." Certain former fighters live clandestinely, spooked by the warning that the only way to leave the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) is in a casket.
October 22, 2010
A dual state exists in Iraq today - as it did some 100 years ago, during Mesopotamia's occupation by the British, according to Charles Tripp, a professor at London University's School of Oriental and African Studies.
To the Brown community,
Following President Ruth Simmons' call to respond to the Haiti Crisis, we have formed the Brown Haiti Crisis Response Committee, with faculty, students, staff, and administrators. The Committee is coordinating Brown's relief efforts and will make recommendations to the President about future initiatives the University can undertake.
The disappearance of breeding grounds, reduced habitat diversity, and increased temperature levels leading to higher rates of microbes are some of the ramifications of global warming, as anthropogenic activities continue to increase greenhouse gases, according to Jane Nagayi Kalule Yawe, a lecturer at Gulu University in Uganda.
Systematic patterns of sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) have emerged around UN peacekeeping missions over the course of many years.1 Reports of abuse by peacekeepers in Cambodia and the Balkans in the 1990s were followed by news of similar problems in West African missions in 2001 and 2002.
By Watson Institute Student Rapporteur Brenna Carmody '09
While Sudan is almost uniformly associated with the genocide in Darfur in the Western consciousness, the developments, problems, and successes of the rest of the country are not as widely disseminated. Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, an anthropology professor at Rhode Island College, recently gave a talk on the country as a whole - including demographic changes caused by the country's civil wars and the results of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) of 2005.
During the 1990s, East Timor's struggle against oppressive Indonesian rule was well publicized.
Washington Post foreign correspondent Anthony Shadid spoke Friday at the Watson Institute about his time as a war correspondent in Iraq. The overwhelming violence of a place like Iraq can become dangerously meaningless, he said. To remedy this in his writing, Shadid began using the war as a backdrop for the individual stories of Iraqis living and dying through the conflict.
In the captivating, detailed manner of a journalist, Shadid told one such story of a young man called Sabah.
This study calls for better reporting on
the use of U.S. foreign aid to build up the private sector in developing
countries. It examines three tools for strengthening small and medium-sized
enterprises in the developing world: enterprise funds, equity funds, and
technical assistance from non-governmental organizations.
The three approaches have proven useful and important, and the current challenge is to much better understand both their limitations and their capacities as we seek ways to support the development of private enterprises.
This white paper surveys the legal issues, analyzes current sanctions committee practices, and recommends proposals to strengthen UN targeted sanctions procedures. Section Two examines legal aspects of the issue, with a survey of broad principles, recent legal challenges, and their implications. Section Three describes current procedures and practices in six different sanctions committees. Section Four presents specific recommendations and a range of options for responding to criticisms of current practices and for ensuring fair and clear procedures in implementing UN targeted sanctions.
His political life spanned two of the most tumultuous decades in the history of Africa's Great Lakes region, but now former President of Burundi Pierre Buyoya is working to help secure a more peaceful future for his country. Since January, Buyoya has been a Watson Institute visiting senior fellow, writing a book about and advancing work on peace and democracy in Burundi.
Buyoya led his country for two terms from 1987 to 1993 and from 1996 to 2003. At that time, the Hutu represented 85 percent and the Tutsi 14 percent of Burundi's population.
Alexander Thier and Jarat Chopra
On 11-12 December 2001-one week after the signing of the Bonn Agreement-the Thomas J. Watson Jr.
Seeking to enhance the effectiveness of sanctions
while avoiding excessive suffering to civilian populations or the infliction
of economic damage on third states, this manual provides guidelines for
the creation and implementation of targeted financial sanctions. It offers
two main parts:
- Designing UN Security Council resolutions on targeted financial sanctions
- Implementing targeted financial sanctions at the national level
This document considers the impact of humanitarian
action on recent armed conflicts, evaluating the proposition that humanitarian
initiatives fuel conflict. For this purpose it discusses the following
- Historical perspective
- The conflict connection
- Minimizing the conflict connection
- Humanitarian action and conflict transformation
This document analyses the successful effort
to establish an international treaty to ban landmines, providing a detailed
examination of the dynamics of the process, the key reasons for its success,
and an elaboration on its wider meaning.
In addition, a historical discussion of early campaigns to ban particular weapons such as the dum dum bullet is provided, as well as an assessment of three similar campaigns: the International Criminal Court (ICC), child soldiers, and small arms.
Through an examination of the humanitarian efforts
in Sierra Leone and Rwanda, this report provides a comparative analysis
of the humanitarian challenges. In addition to the provision of maps and
chronologies of major events, the study aims to identify significant lessons
with respect to the organisational, functional and programmatic aspects
Aiming to achieve a more dynamic response to future emergencies, the report gives recommendations to donor governments, national actors, United Nations agencies and NGOs.