Political and security developments
The final draft constitution is still awaited since the end of the National Dialogue debates, mid-April. The constitution should next be further approved by the National Assembly and then ratified by popular referendum, followed by presidential and legislative elections.
Opposition party leader, Martin Mberi¾Congo’s Minister of Construction¾tendered his resignation in early May. Mberi had often criticised the way the government had orchestrated the National Dialogue.
UN Security phases in RoC were reduced as of 2 May:
National Dialogue on new constitution and convention for peace concludes
Congo's decade of political violence has worsened a trend of stagnated development. The massive displacement caused by the last of three civil wars in 1998-1999 led to epidemic levels of malnutrition. Directly or indirectly, up to 50,000 lost their lives.
Peace, however, has been restored. Talks throughout 1999 and an amnesty in August led to the signing of a cease-fire. The Government has started a process of political reform, to include a constitutional referendum in 2001. UN activities all support the development of a culture of peace.