1 Résumé de la situation et principales recommandations
1.1 Situation sécuritaire calme dans son ensemble
La récente rencontre entre le chef de l’Etat et les sages du département du Pool est unanimement saluée et perçue comme un signe d’espoir pour le retour à la paix définitive dans la région ;
Selon les informations collectées, plusieurs miliciens « Ninjas » auraient l’intention de saisir cette occasion pour sortir de leurs refuges ;
Contexte : Population du Pool estimée à 236 595 habitants
Brazzaville, 23 June 2017 – The Ministry of Social Affairs, Humanitarian Action and Solidarity, along with the Ministry of Public Health and the United Nations unveil today June 23 in Brazzaville, the alarming results of a food security and nutrition analysis among the internally displaced persons (IDPs) of the Pool region. The number of IDPs due to the Pool region unrest has multiplied almost six fold in less than a year going from 12 986 persons in June 2016 to 81 000 in May 2017.
Déplacés du Pool : les taux de malnutrition parmi les enfants dépassent les seuils d’urgence
Une aide immédiate de 20 millions de dollars est nécessaire
Political and security developments
The final draft constitution is still awaited since the end of the National Dialogue debates, mid-April. The constitution should next be further approved by the National Assembly and then ratified by popular referendum, followed by presidential and legislative elections.
Opposition party leader, Martin Mberi¾Congo’s Minister of Construction¾tendered his resignation in early May. Mberi had often criticised the way the government had orchestrated the National Dialogue.
UN Security phases in RoC were reduced as of 2 May:
National Dialogue on new constitution and convention for peace concludes
Congo's decade of political violence has worsened a trend of stagnated development. The massive displacement caused by the last of three civil wars in 1998-1999 led to epidemic levels of malnutrition. Directly or indirectly, up to 50,000 lost their lives.
Peace, however, has been restored. Talks throughout 1999 and an amnesty in August led to the signing of a cease-fire. The Government has started a process of political reform, to include a constitutional referendum in 2001. UN activities all support the development of a culture of peace.
Government Clarifies Transition Process