The illicit proliferation, excessive accumulation and misuse of weapons and ammunition pose a persistent problem for peace and security at the international, national and regional level causing the violent death of half a million people every year, with 70,000 people dying during armed conflict.
In order to reduce the negative impact on peace and security and to promote sustainable development, governments must address inadequate or obsolete regulation of weapons and ammunition as well as a poor control of licit or illicit stockpiles.
INTRODUCTION: THE PURPOSE OF THIS FRAMEWORK DOCUMENT
The Security Needs Assessment Protocol
(SNAP) project of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research
(UNIDIR) is working to improve operational effectiveness-meaning the impact
and sustainable success of any undertaking designed to effect social change
in a community-in humanitarian, development and security operations by
improving the design of field-level activities that pertain to community
The current international debate surrounding cluster munitions and the discussion of a ban or tightened restrictions on their use has focused attention on the humanitarian impact of these weapons. In addition to killing and injuring civilians and damaging infrastructure at the time of use, they invariably leave behind unexploded submunitions which continue to pose a threat to human life, restrict access to natural resources and impede post-war recovery and development processes for many years after their use.
There is growing international concern
about the humanitarian effects of cluster munitions, particularly following
their use in Afghanistan, Chechnya, Iraq, Kosovo and most recently in Lebanon.
Research indicates that, in the limited set of conflicts in which they
have been used, submunitions from cluster weapons are a disproportionate
hazard to civilians, both at the time of their use as well as post conflict.
Increasingly, as the disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) of excombatants and community arms reduction programmes have become prevalent features of international efforts of post-conflict reconstruction, donors, implementing agencies and disarmament experts have become interested in assessing their results.
This article examines the lessons learned from
the implementation of the anti-personnel Mine Ban Convention. It looks
at the following aspects:
- The promotion of the convention
- Participation and partnership in the implementation of the convention
- The future implementation of the convention.
The article is the output of the First Review Conference of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, closed in the Kenyan capital, Nairobi, on 3 December 2004.
This paper briefly introduces the practice of
using children as soldiers and the phenomenon of displacement within the
context of human security. It explores some of the links between child
soldiering and displacement, and provides international law and standards
for protecting children in these situations.
The paper addresses the following issues:
-Human security challenge
-Displacement and child soldiering
This paper examines the impact of armed conflict
on children, with a focus on the role of small arms, and deals with the
-Monitoring and reporting
-Protections for children in armed conflict
Thus the paper discusses protection afforded to children in situations of armed conflict, and the new initiative by non-governmental organizations (NGOs) - the Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict - aimed at improving monitoring and reporting on violations against children.
This report examines the humanitarian benefits
of disarmament, aiming to show that disarmament, whether of weapons of
mass destruction or small arms, is first and foremost a question of human
security, and thus a part of humanitarian action. For this purpose, the
following issues are addressed:
- Why are we interested in disarmament?
- Why are we trying to achieve disarmament?
- What is at the core of disarmament?
The conference was organised to mark the 20th anniversary of the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR).
This bibliography provides reference material
on light weapons, divided into the following areas:
- Overview materials
- Health & development Issues
- Weapons information
- Regional issues and studies