Camps are places of refuge for people fleeing conflict and disaster, but they can be dangerous, especially for women and girls. In their first months, many camps rely on communal sanitation facilities – a quick and cost-effective way of meeting immediate needs and minimizing public health risks until a better solution can be developed.
- This compendium is designed for use by staff working directly with communities - e.g. health workers and community volunteers working with disabled and older people and their families in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa.
- A few examples of technologies are presented that families can adapt to suit their needs and budgets.
Many more options are possible.
Managers of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programmes normally acknowledge that people need to behave in a hygienic manner to protect water supplies and ensure that sanitation facilities are used properly. However, promoting hygienic behaviour differs from the construction of infrastructure, with indicators of progress being less concrete. This means campaigns need to be planned and carried out in a suitable manner.
The Sphere Project is an initiative to determine and promote standards by which the global community responds to the plight of people affected by disasters. This guide describes the format and content of the handbook produced by the project.
Making water, sanitation and hygiene safer through improved programming and services
This toolkit has been developed in response to an acknowledgement that although the lack of access to appropriate water, sanitation and hygiene services (WASH) is not the root cause of violence, it can lead to increased vulnerabilities to violence of varying forms. Incidences have been reported from a wide range of contexts, often anecdotally but with regular occurrence, with a number of targeted studies confirming the same.
Flooding, earthquakes, civil unrest and other natural and man-made disasters often cause damage to hand-dug wells. This technical note sets out the actions needed to repair and rehabilitate a hand-dug well so that it can be returned to its former condition. The emergency repair and rehabilitation measures proposed are temporary and should be followed by measures for permanent rehabilitation.
For the effective management or investigation of a water, sanitation or hygiene project, the manager or researcher has to be aware of the current state of the project at any given point to be able to review its direction and measure progress towards its goal. Many indicators of progress can be measured but collecting and analysing information is expensive, so choosing which indicators to use and deciding when, where and how to measure them is important. This guide helps with this decision-making process.
The number of reported natural disasters is increasing and there is an apparent ongoing need to provide international humanitarian aid to people affected by conflict and war. Understanding the factors that influence the decision to intervene is important in the management of disaster relief and in the prevention of future crises.
Author(s): Harvey, Peter
It is generally accepted that excreta disposal is given less priority in emergencies than other humanitarian interventions such as health care, food and water supply. This is despite the fact that many of the most common diseases occurring in emergency situations are caused by inadequate sanitation facilities and poor hygiene practice. Many aid agencies are aware of these facts and wish to give a greater emphasis to excreta disposal. In the past, however, they have been hampered by a lack of experience and resources to support their field staff.
Author(s): House, Sarah | Reed, Bob
These guidelines have been designed to help those involved in the assessment of emergency water sources to collect relevant information in a systematic way, to use this information to select a source or sources and to determine the appropriate level of treatment required to make the water suitable for drinking.
In the 1990s events in Bosnia, the former Soviet Union countries, Afghanistan and Northern Iraq showed that humanitarian disasters are not limited to the South, Africa, or the tropics, but may strike anywhere in the world. Relief workers have had to be ever more adaptable in order to provide life-saving water supplies and sanitation facilities in areas where freezing conditions occur.
Seeking to assist those involved in planning
and implementing emergency sanitation programmes, this book focuses on
a systematic and structured approach to assessment and programme design.
It three main sections deal with the following:
Manual: Designed to act as a textbook to be referred to for information regarding minimum objectives, technical options, planning and implementation.
Guidelines: Intended for use in the field to conduct rapid assessments, prioritise needs and design effective relief programmes.
This conference reports presents the results of a conference on providing appropriate and immediate technical support such as water supply, sanitation, shelter and access for refugees.
Addressing problems of poorly prepared and coordinated response and seeking to enable victims of future disasters to be helped more effectively, the conference sought to provide an opportunity for relief staff to learn from past mistakes and consider ways of improving their response.