Rebuilding livelihoods in post conflict countries is a critical component of peacebuilding and economic recovery.
WASHINGTON, DC/GENEVA, April 3, 2015 ‒ In the wake of armed conflict, rebuilding livelihoods is critical to peacebuilding and economic redevelopment, according to a new study launched today by the Environmental Law Institute (ELI), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the University of Tokyo, McGill University, and Tufts University.
1.1 Why this study
Tufts University and the Feinstein International Center are pleased to announce the publication of a two part review of emergency livestock interventions in Sudan. Livestock production is a crucial livelihood strategy for farmers and pastoralists throughout Sudan, and contributes to a wider economy linked with livestock marketing, livestock products, fodder, water and support services.
The report highlights the importance of pastoralist livestock production for the country’s economy, and outlines ways in which pastoralism can be supported in the future, to benefit livelihoods and the economy of Sudan. The economic value of pastoral livestock production is largely hidden, both in the official statistics, and in relation to the domestic market and subsistence economy (e.g. milk).
This study set out to understand what has happened to the livestock trade in the greater Darfur region during the conflict years: how it has responded to the constantly shifting conflict dynamics since 2003, how it has adapted, and to what extent (if at all) it has recovered. It also set out to identify how the livestock trade can be supported in order to better sustain the livelihoods of different groups in Darfur, both while the conflict continues and in the longer term to support the eventual recovery of Darfur’s economy and to contribute to the national economy.
The report describes the stakeholder groups, their sectoral involvement, and their awareness and opinions of the policy issues and challenges affecting pastoralists and pastoralist livelihood systems. More than 50 percent of the challenges identified by survey respondents related to environment and natural resources. A review of the UN work plan for 2011 indicates that pastoralists are generally under-represented or poorly considered in the UN humanitarian and recovery programs. This echoes the gaps within the national and state level government.