Findings and recommendations for food security analysis: South Sudan, Somalia, Nigeria and Yemen March 2018
1. Executive Summary
The current crisis in South Sudan is one of the world’s most challenging humanitarian operations.
This makes for a difficult environment for gathering and analyzing data: The country is large, population is widely dispersed, and limits on transportation and telecommunications are severe.
The IPC system has been able to address many of these challenges, and it has also learned from its experience. This learning has not always been easy, and many challenges remain.
Since the mid-2000s, an ongoing humanitarian crisis in the three northeastern states of Nigeria has spread to the greater Lake Chad basin. The Boko Haram conflict turned into a major security problem that led to widespread displacement and a major humanitarian catastrophe. UNOCHA estimates that more than 20,0000 people have been killed, 1.6 million are internally displaces, and 200,000 are living as refugees in neighboring countries.
This report investigates food security resilience in Far-Western Nepal. We explore avenues to implement a low-cost food security resilience monitoring system; develop a theoretical framework and quantitative methodology for measuring resilience; and qualitatively explore the effect of transnational migration and remittances on well-being, gender equality, and livelihood choices.
In many protracted emergencies, the prevalence rates of global acute malnutrition (GAM) regularly exceed the emergency threshold of > 15% of children with acute malnutrition (< -2 weight-for-height z-scores (WHZ) or with nutritional edema), despite ongoing humanitarian interventions. The widespread scale and long-lasting nature of “persistent GAM” means that it is a policy and programming priority.
1. A note from the Dean
July 25, 2017
Dear Friends of the Feinstein International Center:
There is growing consensus on the need to consider and support markets as part of humanitarian responses. It is assumed that this support will increase the impact of responses – yet to date such assumptions are rarely supported by data and strong evidence.
This systematic review, commissioned by the Humanitarian Evidence Programme (HEP) and carried out by a research team from the University of Sheffield, represents the first attempt to apply systematic review methodology to establish the relationships between recovery and relapse and between default rates and repeated episodes of default or relapse in the management of acute malnutrition in children in humanitarian emergencies in low- and middle-income countries
Pastoralists rely on coping and adaptation strategies that have historically allowed them to achieve high levels of productivity, manage the hazards and unpredictability of life in the marginal areas that they occupy and moderate the impacts of shocks (Butt et al., 2009; Hesse and Pattison, 2013; Morton, 2006). But despite the unique suitability of these strategies to their livelihoods, the food security of many pastoralist populations – especially in Africa – is increasingly under threat. Crises faced by pastoralists have increased in frequency and intensity in recent decades.
Anastasia Marshak, Helen Young, and Anne Radday
This protocol outlines plans for conducting an evidence synthesis on the impact of food aid on pastoralist livelihoods. The distinctiveness of pastoralists – including factors related to the erosion of their livelihood strategies and the difficulty posed by identification of frequently mobile households – and their particular vulnerability to humanitarian crises suggest that the effects of humanitarian interventions targeting them are likely to differ from other populations.
In 2011–12, Somalia experienced the worst famine of the twenty-first century. Since then, research on the famine has focused almost exclusively on the external response, the reasons for the delay in the international response, and the implications for international humanitarian action in the context of the “global war on terror.” This paper focuses on the internal, Somali response to the famine. How did Somali communities and households cope with the famine of 2011 in the absence of any state-led response—and a significant delay in the international response?
Purpose and scope
The purpose of this study is, first, to understand the impact of a decade of conflict on the cereal trade in Darfur; second, to understand the impact of a decade of humanitarian food assistance on the cereal trade in Darfur; and third, to explore the influence of government policy. The study has been carried out in all five Darfur states. It describes the state of the cereal market in 2014, for millet, sorghum and wheat.
• Cereal prices continued rising in most monitored markets due to the bad harvest. The average quarterly price of millet in El Geneina market increased by 27% compared with the last quarter; in Forobaranga market the average quarterly millet price increased by 16%; and in Seleia by 28%. The percentage rise in the average quarterly price of sorghum in El Geneina market was higher: 37% compared with the last quarter, owing to scarcity and high demand.
1. Objectives of the study
Undernutrition levels in Bangladesh are high (43% stunting; 17.4% GAM) and given the particular difficulties faced by inhabitants of the chars, it is expected that undernutrition levels in the chars are especially high and are driven by specific causes.
ACF therefore decided to undertake a Nutrition Causal Analysis in order to:
Identify factors that are significantly associated with stunting or wasting among children in this population?
Authors: Daniel Maxwell, Nisar Majid
On July 20, 2011, the UN declared a famine in South Central Somalia, which killed some 260,000 people (Checchi and Robinson 2013). Though Somalia was the worst affected country, the crisis was region-wide in its impact. This Desk Review covers the contents of some 180 documents on the crisis that were reviewed in detail, out of a total of over 500 documents initially screened. These include reports, evaluations, assessments, and in some cases, peer-reviewed journal articles and books.
1.1 Why this study