By: Jeevan Raj Sharma and Antonio Donini
This report presents and analyzes the findings of a two-year field research on local perceptions of social transformation in rural Nepal. In particular, it presents the findings, and our interpretations of them, in a manner that can contribute not only to scholarly debate but, importantly, to current discussions on development policy choices and on the role of aid agencies.
Households in rural Haiti experience a finite number of ways to make a living. Many cultivate the over-farmed hills or fish the over-fished coasts. They also run eateries, buy and sell mobile airtime, or manage gambling stalls. Perhaps the most visible members of the Haitian economy are Madan Saras, traveling merchants who buy goods, haul them across great distances, and sell them in marketplaces, along roadsides, or near construction sites and truck stops.
Researchers at the Feinstein International
Center (FIC) at Tufts University have embarked on a major two-year research
project on Humanitarian Action and Politics. This project builds upon and
expands on the earlier research on Humanitarian Agenda 2015 -- Principles,
Power and Perceptions (HA2015) which involved 13 country case studies of
local perceptions of humanitarian action and a synthesis report.
Research Program on Livelihoods Change over Time
By Jennifer Coates, Daniel Maxwell, Girum Tadesse, Shimelis Hailu, Woldegebrial Zeweld Nugussie, and Abraha Gebrekiros
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) programs encompass many different kinds of activities, but share the fundamental objective of enhancing the capacity of vulnerable communities to identify, reduce and manage risk, whether it be at the local, regional or national level.
By Antonio Donini
Researchers at the Feinstein International Center (FIC) at Tufts University have embarked on a major two-year research project on Humanitarian Action and Politics. This project builds upon and expands on the earlier research on Humanitarian Agenda 2015 -- Principles, Power and Perceptions (HA2015) which involved 13 country case studies of local perceptions of humanitarian action and a synthesis report.
Our new research is in two separate but related phases.
By Andy Catley and Alula Iyasu
This report describes a rapid, combined livelihoods and conflict analysis in Shinile Zone, Somali Region of Ethiopia, conducted in March and April 2010. An underlying question for the analysis was the extent to which aid actors should integrate peace-building and livelihoods programming as part of long-term development strategies for the Zone.
Baseline and Mid-term Assessment of the PSNP Plus Project in Doba
John Burns, Solomon Bogale, and Gezu Bekele
This report presents the findings of the first two stages of an assessment of the PSNP Plus project in Doba woreda in West Hararghe.
These assessments are part of a broader longitudinal impact study of the PSNP Plus project, which targets poor, rural households in food insecure areas that benefit from the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).
This Practitioners' Guide to the Future serves as the culmination of the Humanitarian Horizons project, commissioned by the members of the Inter-Agency Working Group and implemented jointly by the Feinstein International Center (FIC) and the Humanitarian Futures Programme (HFP) of King's College, London. The Guide merges the projections of global change highlighted by four earlier research papers, with the futures perspectives of operational agencies.
Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) programs
encompass many different kinds of activities, but share the fundamental
objective of enhancing the capacity of vulnerable communities to identify,
reduce and manage risk, whether it be at the local, regional or national
level. Ethiopia is one of the most food-insecure countries in the world,
but only recently has the food security problem begun to be understood
in terms of a complete analysis of livelihoods, rather than simply a food
The Humanitarian Agenda 2015 project of the Feinstein International Center undertook field research in September 2008 and August 2009 to examine the humanitarian situation in Georgia, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia and the responses to it. The research was prompted by renewed fighting over South Ossetia in August 2008 and was informed by the author's extensive previous research in the region.
Global climate change will have inevitable consequences and implications for the humanitarian community. Although specific outcomes are unclear, it is certain that the world will experience significant transformations in the next 20 years, and that currently vulnerable populations will be among those most affected.
More than simply an economic phenomenon, globalization is a multi-faceted and dynamic process with implications for future migration and mobility, technological expansion, and worldwide social inequality.
Expected demographic trends of the future include unprecedented population growth, the majority of which will occur in developing countries, and which will lead to a "demographic crisis" in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Not only affected by the trends and events that occur within the world in which it operates, the humanitarian system is equally affected by those developments and trends that take place inside the organizations and networks comprising the system. In this paper, John Borton describes these internal dynamics - including the conflation of "humanitarian" and "development", shrinking humanitarian space, and issues of accountability - and creates a picture of future humanitarian response in light of these changes.
Children that live in pastoralist areas of Africa are increasingly referred to as some of the most nutritionally vulnerable in the world. In Somali Region Ethiopia, levels of global acute malnutrition among young children are regularly reported to rise above 15%; the level defined as a nutritional emergency by the World Health Organization. Yet, from work going back many decades in the Region, we know that animal milk; one of the most nutritionally complete foods in the world, plays an extremely important role in the diets of these children.
Support to the export of pastoralist livestock
from the Horn of Africa is often viewed by aid organizations as a key poverty
reduction strategy. Drawing on existing literature and field research in
Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, this report examines if and how different wealth
groups benefit from the export trade. It looks in detail at the household-level
economic strategies of different pastoralist wealth groups and their marketing
behaviors, and concludes that in terms of poverty reduction, poorer herders
benefit least from livestock exports.
This report is the outcome of the first phase of Milk Matters: a joint venture between the Feinstein International Center, Save the Children USA and Save the Children UK in Ethiopia. Milk Matters ultimately aims to improve the nutritional status of children in pastoralist/semi pastoralist areas in the horn of Africa.
We have a vision of a future in which famine, widespread violations of human rights, extreme suffering, and crimes against humanity are held to be self-evidently unacceptable by states and their peoples. A vision in which nation states, and the international community, in all its manifestations, feel duty-bound to act - and do act - to prevent and alleviate such abuses.
PART I: Research Programs
Livelihoods and Nutrition of Marginalized People
Darfur: Livelihoods, Vulnerability, and Choice
This report describes an impact assessment of a community animal health (CAH) system in Mandera West District, Kenya, which was supported by VSF Suisse/ELMT between May 2008 up to the time of the assessment in August 2009. The system involved the supply of veterinary medicines to community‐based animal health workers (CAHWs) from private veterinary pharmacies, which in turn, received medicines and credit from a veterinary supplier in Nairobi.