Children that live in pastoralist areas of Africa are increasingly referred to as some of the most nutritionally vulnerable in the world. In Somali Region Ethiopia, levels of global acute malnutrition among young children are regularly reported to rise above 15%; the level defined as a nutritional emergency by the World Health Organization. Yet, from work going back many decades in the Region, we know that animal milk; one of the most nutritionally complete foods in the world, plays an extremely important role in the diets of these children.
Support to the export of pastoralist livestock
from the Horn of Africa is often viewed by aid organizations as a key poverty
reduction strategy. Drawing on existing literature and field research in
Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, this report examines if and how different wealth
groups benefit from the export trade. It looks in detail at the household-level
economic strategies of different pastoralist wealth groups and their marketing
behaviors, and concludes that in terms of poverty reduction, poorer herders
benefit least from livestock exports.