This report presents the findings of a research study to examine the role of disarmament policies in changes in livelihood systems of the population in the Karamoja region of northeastern Uganda. The study and report are based on a research partnership between Save the Children in Uganda (SCiUG) and the Feinstein International Center (FIC) at Tufts University. FIC researchers (hereafter called the Tufts team) are working with SCiUG in 2009-2010 on a series of discrete studies to investigate areas of mutual interest in Karamoja.
The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) or CPN (M) launched its "People's War" in 1996.2 At the time, the Maoists were no more than a small fringe party with hardly any weapons, few active members, and a support base limited to small pockets in remote hill areas. Yet, their ten-year armed insurgency transformed them into a powerful political force capable of standing alongside, and even overshadowing, Nepal's major, established parties. The rise of the Maoists in Nepal is impressive by any standard.