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01 Dec 2009 description
report Tufts University

Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) programs encompass many different kinds of activities, but share the fundamental objective of enhancing the capacity of vulnerable communities to identify, reduce and manage risk, whether it be at the local, regional or national level. Ethiopia is one of the most food-insecure countries in the world, but only recently has the food security problem begun to be understood in terms of a complete analysis of livelihoods, rather than simply a food supply problem.

30 Nov 2009 description
report Tufts University

The Humanitarian Agenda 2015 project of the Feinstein International Center undertook field research in September 2008 and August 2009 to examine the humanitarian situation in Georgia, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia and the responses to it. The research was prompted by renewed fighting over South Ossetia in August 2008 and was informed by the author's extensive previous research in the region.

01 Nov 2009 description
report Tufts University

Global climate change will have inevitable consequences and implications for the humanitarian community. Although specific outcomes are unclear, it is certain that the world will experience significant transformations in the next 20 years, and that currently vulnerable populations will be among those most affected.

01 Nov 2009 description
report Tufts University

More than simply an economic phenomenon, globalization is a multi-faceted and dynamic process with implications for future migration and mobility, technological expansion, and worldwide social inequality.

01 Nov 2009 description
report Tufts University

Expected demographic trends of the future include unprecedented population growth, the majority of which will occur in developing countries, and which will lead to a "demographic crisis" in Sub-Saharan Africa.

01 Nov 2009 description
report Tufts University

Not only affected by the trends and events that occur within the world in which it operates, the humanitarian system is equally affected by those developments and trends that take place inside the organizations and networks comprising the system. In this paper, John Borton describes these internal dynamics - including the conflation of "humanitarian" and "development", shrinking humanitarian space, and issues of accountability - and creates a picture of future humanitarian response in light of these changes.

31 Oct 2009 description

Summary

Children that live in pastoralist areas of Africa are increasingly referred to as some of the most nutritionally vulnerable in the world. In Somali Region Ethiopia, levels of global acute malnutrition among young children are regularly reported to rise above 15%; the level defined as a nutritional emergency by the World Health Organization. Yet, from work going back many decades in the Region, we know that animal milk; one of the most nutritionally complete foods in the world, plays an extremely important role in the diets of these children.

01 Oct 2009 description
report Tufts University

Support to the export of pastoralist livestock from the Horn of Africa is often viewed by aid organizations as a key poverty reduction strategy. Drawing on existing literature and field research in Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan, this report examines if and how different wealth groups benefit from the export trade. It looks in detail at the household-level economic strategies of different pastoralist wealth groups and their marketing behaviors, and concludes that in terms of poverty reduction, poorer herders benefit least from livestock exports.

01 Sep 2009 description
report Tufts University

This report is the outcome of the first phase of Milk Matters: a joint venture between the Feinstein International Center, Save the Children USA and Save the Children UK in Ethiopia. Milk Matters ultimately aims to improve the nutritional status of children in pastoralist/semi pastoralist areas in the horn of Africa.

01 Sep 2009 description
report Tufts University

Vision

We have a vision of a future in which famine, widespread violations of human rights, extreme suffering, and crimes against humanity are held to be self-evidently unacceptable by states and their peoples. A vision in which nation states, and the international community, in all its manifestations, feel duty-bound to act - and do act - to prevent and alleviate such abuses.

Contents

Introduction

PART I: Research Programs
Livelihoods and Nutrition of Marginalized People
Darfur: Livelihoods, Vulnerability, and Choice

31 Aug 2009 description

This report describes an impact assessment of a community animal health (CAH) system in Mandera West District, Kenya, which was supported by VSF Suisse/ELMT between May 2008 up to the time of the assessment in August 2009. The system involved the supply of veterinary medicines to community‐based animal health workers (CAHWs) from private veterinary pharmacies, which in turn, received medicines and credit from a veterinary supplier in Nairobi.

20 Jul 2009 description
report Tufts University

Introduction

This report presents the findings of a research study to examine the role of disarmament policies in changes in livelihood systems of the population in the Karamoja region of northeastern Uganda. The study and report are based on a research partnership between Save the Children in Uganda (SCiUG) and the Feinstein International Center (FIC) at Tufts University. FIC researchers (hereafter called the Tufts team) are working with SCiUG in 2009-2010 on a series of discrete studies to investigate areas of mutual interest in Karamoja.

07 Jul 2009 description
report Tufts University

Introduction

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) or CPN (M) launched its "People's War" in 1996.2 At the time, the Maoists were no more than a small fringe party with hardly any weapons, few active members, and a support base limited to small pockets in remote hill areas. Yet, their ten-year armed insurgency transformed them into a powerful political force capable of standing alongside, and even overshadowing, Nepal's major, established parties. The rise of the Maoists in Nepal is impressive by any standard.

01 May 2009 description
report Tufts University

The Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards (LEGS) are a set of international guidelines and standards for the design, implementation and assessment of livestock interventions to assist people aff ected by humanitarian crises. They are based on livelihoods objectives that aim to provide rapid assistance to protect and rebuild the livestock assets of crisis-aff ected communities.

01 May 2009 description
report Tufts University

A significant proportion of humanitarian assistance is now delivered by NGOs which have in effect become federated trans-national organizations, alliances of members from different countries, all seeking to provide assistance in times of crisis. This report describes research carried out to better understand how these transnational bodies organize their membership, deliver and accountability systems in times of crisis.

30 Apr 2009 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

The Darfur conflict is now in its sixth year, and has drawn in a complex web of local, national, and transnational interests, which play out in different types of inter-connected conflict throughout the region. From the start of the conflict in 2003, protection threats and restricted access have been major challenges to the humanitarian community. Since then the level of insecurity, the numbers affected, and degree of humanitarian access have evolved and changed.

22 Apr 2009 description
report Tufts University

SUMMARY

From 2006-2008, we researched the role played by migration and remittances in the livelihoods of conflict-affected people in Darfur, focusing on the changes and adaptations in two urban centers, between 2003 and the present. We conducted two case studies using surveys and qualitative research. The first was of the five IDP camps outside the town of Zalingei (West Darfur), and took place in November-December, 2006. The second was of both IDPs and residents in the town of Kebkabiya in North Darfur, in June 2007. This report is in two parts.

01 Apr 2009 description
report Tufts University

A significant proportion of humanitarian assistance is now delivered by NGOs which have (in effect) become federated transnational organizations, alliances of members from different countries, all seeking to provide assistance in times of crisis. This report describes research carried out to better understand how these transnational bodies organize their membership, delivery structure, and accountability systems in times of crisis.

18 Mar 2009 description
report Tufts University

By Antonio Donini

This briefing paper is an update of a 2006 study on perceptions of humanitarian action in Afghanistan, which was part of the Humanitarian Agenda 2015 research program.

28 Feb 2009 description
report Tufts University

Since 2002 the Ugandan army - the Ugandan People's Defense Force (UPDF) - has been operating inside South Sudan in pursuit of rebels from the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). Joint operations with the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) - which now rules the autonomous region - have failed to dislodge the LRA, which has broadened its area of operations.