The Darfur conflict is now in its sixth year, and has drawn in a complex web of local, national, and transnational interests, which play out in different types of inter-connected conflict throughout the region. From the start of the conflict in 2003, protection threats and restricted access have been major challenges to the humanitarian community. Since then the level of insecurity, the numbers affected, and degree of humanitarian access have evolved and changed.
From 2006-2008, we researched the role played by migration and remittances in the livelihoods of conflict-affected people in Darfur, focusing on the changes and adaptations in two urban centers, between 2003 and the present. We conducted two case studies using surveys and qualitative research. The first was of the five IDP camps outside the town of Zalingei (West Darfur), and took place in November-December, 2006. The second was of both IDPs and residents in the town of Kebkabiya in North Darfur, in June 2007. This report is in two parts.
Since 2002 the Ugandan army - the Ugandan People's Defense Force (UPDF) - has been operating inside South Sudan in pursuit of rebels from the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). Joint operations with the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA) - which now rules the autonomous region - have failed to dislodge the LRA, which has broadened its area of operations.
Livelihoods in Darfur are intimately linked to the conflict, none more so than the livelihoods of the camel herding nomads known as the Northern Rizaygat. Their notoriety as part of the Janjaweed militia has obscured from view how their lives and livelihoods have been affected by conflict.
Based on fieldwork in rural Darfur, this report uses a livelihoods lens to illustrate the processes that have contributed to the vulnerability of the Darfuri nomads who have much in common with pastoralists globally.