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31 Dec 2008 description
report Tufts University

Introduction

Despite a relative reduction in the level of violence in Iraq, as of December 2008 Iraqis continue to face serious and persistent threats to their safety and welfare due to a mix of ongoing conflict, lack of access to basic services, spotty performance of Iraqi line ministries, serious inefficiencies in the humanitarian apparatus itself, and inadequate operational capacity of aid actors on the ground. There is a strong likelihood of additional violent conflict in Iraq for years to come.

01 Dec 2008 description
report Tufts University

Using existing international databases that track disaster occurrence and humanitarian costs, this research attempts to improve understanding of how climate change may affect international humanitarian spending. Employing four distinct methodological approaches, a range of potential impact scenarios is developed.

01 Oct 2008 description
report Tufts University

The Feinstein International Center has been developing and adapting participatory approaches to measure the impact of livelihoods based interventions since the early nineties. Drawing upon this experience, this guide aims to provide practitioners with a broad framework for carrying out project level Participatory Impact Assessments (PIA) of livelihoods interventions in the humanitarian sector.

05 Sep 2008 description

Karen Jacobsen, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University en collaboration avec l'Observatoire des Situations de Déplacement Interne (IDMC), Genève

Dans de nombreuses zones de conflit actuelles, la prise pour cible et le déracinement des populations rurales, ainsi que leur déplacement forcé, font partie intégrante des stratégies de guerre des forces rebelles et gouvernementales. Le Soudan, le nord de l'Ouganda, la Colombie, la Côte d'Ivoire, la Birmanie et la Somalie sont des exemples représentatifs récents.

05 Sep 2008 description

Karen Jacobsen y Kimberly Howe, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, en colaboración con el Observatorio de Desplazamiento Interno, Ginebra

El ataque indiscriminado y el desarraigo de la población civil forman parte integral de las estrategias de guerra de fuerzas armadas gubernamentales y rebeldes en las actuales zonas de conflicto. Entre los ejemplos más recientes destacan las tácticas empleadas por grupos armados en Sudán, el norte de Uganda, Colombia, Costa de Marfil, Birmania, y Somalia.

05 Sep 2008 description

Karen Jacobsen, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University in collaboration with Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, Geneva

In many conflict zones today, the targeting and uprooting of rural populations and their forced displacement is an integral part of the war strategies of rebel or government forces. Notable recent examples include Sudan, northern Uganda, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Burma and Somalia.

05 Sep 2008 description

Karen Jacobsen and Kimberly Howe, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, in collaboration with Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, Geneva

In many conflict zones today, the targeting and uprooting of rural populations and their forced displacement is an integral part of the war strategies of rebel or government forces. Notable recent examples include Sudan, northern Uganda, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Burma and Somalia.

04 Sep 2008 description

IDMC identified the need to develop and test a methodology to assess the number and situation of IDPs in urban centres, to complement the Guidance on Profiling Internally Displaced Persons. The resulting Tufts-IDMC profiling study aims ultimately to help all organisations which assist and promote the rights of IDPs in conflict-affected countries to collect and analyse information on people displaced into cities.

The project

IDMC managed the project in partnership with the Feinstein International Center at Tufts University in the United States.

18 Aug 2008 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

The crisis consists precisely in the fact that the old is dying and the new cannot be born. In this interregnum, there arises a great diversity of morbid symptoms. -Antonio Gramsci, Prison Notebooks

While it is possible to hold very different views on the current situation in Nepal, there is a general consensus that the country is undergoing a deep transition.

07 Aug 2008 description

Karen Jacobsen, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University in collaboration with Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, Geneva

In many confl ict zones today, the targeting and uprooting of rural populations and their forced displacement is an integral part of the war strategies of rebel or government forces. Notable recent examples include Sudan, northern Uganda, Colombia, Cote d'Ivoire, Burma and Somalia.

31 Jul 2008 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

Somalia has been in a state of conflict since the late 1980s and has not had a central government able to govern the country since the fall of the former President, Siad Barre, in 1991. The conflict is essentially one for control over power and resources, notably land, where clan identity has been manipulated for political and economic ends. Over time the conflict has become increasingly influenced by both regional rivalries (Ethiopia/Eritrea) and international politics (the US and the war on terror).

31 Jul 2008 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

This research is one of four cases in a study commissioned by the World Food Programme to investigate the participation of recipient community in the targeting and management of humanitarian food assistance in complex emergencies. The study involved a desk review of existing documentation, and two and a half weeks of field work between 25 November and 14 December 2007 by two researchers supported by the WFP CO.

07 Jul 2008 description
report Tufts University

By Peter Walker

Peter Walker is Director of the Feinstein International Center. Active in development and disaster response since 1979, he has worked for British-based NGOs and environmental organizations in several African countries, as well as having been a university lecturer and director of a food wholesaling company. Peter joined the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies in Geneva in 1990 where he was Director of Disaster Policy for ten years and was Head of the Federation's regional programs for Southeast Asia.

01 Jul 2008 description
report Tufts University

Humanitarian crises today are not due to one underlying cause but rather to a set of complex issues or an accumulation of adverse trends. As a result, humanitarian action needs to be more broadly defined and reflect a wide, complementary range of interventions.

Responding to humanitarian needs--created by the combined effect of increasing costs of food, high energy prices, increased production of biofuels, climate change, and resulting natural disasters--is currently one of the humanitarian community's greatest challenges.

24 Jun 2008 description
report Tufts University

Margie Buchanan-Smith and Dr Abduljabbar Abdulla Fadul

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Trade is the lifeblood of the economy of the three states which comprise the Darfur region and one of the main ways in which different livelihood groups interact. Normal trading patterns have been severely disrupted by five years of devastating conflict. A growing body of knowledge of how livelihoods have been affected by the conflict has fed into livelihoods programming.

31 May 2008 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

The population of Southern Sudan was caught in a civil war from 1983 to 2005. During the war, several major famines led to a massive food aid intervention by the World Food Programme, which continues to the present. During the war, much of this food was delivered to vulnerable people by air drops, with the actual targeting of assistance on the ground left to traditional authorities. The main objective of targeting was to minimize exclusion. In the post-war era, the food aid program is shifting.

28 May 2008 description
report Tufts University

I. Executive Summary

The Lord's Resistance Army (LRA)-a rebel group fighting the government of Uganda-is estimated to have abducted over 60,000 Ugandan children and youth. Within the war-affected region of northern Uganda, the LRA has abducted one in three male adolescents and one in six female adolescents.

30 Apr 2008 description
report Tufts University

Summary

This report documents the findings of an impact assessment of the 'Pastoralist Survival and Recovery Project' implemented by Lutheran World Relief and partners in North Dakoro, Niger. The assessment is one component of a broader applied research initiative 'Impact Assessment of Innovative Humanitarian Projects in Sub-Saharan Africa' supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

29 Apr 2008 description
report Tufts University

Executive Summary

The Survey for War Affected Youth (SWAY) is a research program dedicated to evidence-based humanitarian aid and development. SWAY employs new data, tools, and analysis to improve the design and targeting of protection, assistance, and reintegration programs for youth in northern Uganda.

Youth have been both the primary victims and the primary actors in the protracted war between the Government of Uganda (GoU) and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA). It is not clear, however, exactly who is suffering, how much, and in what ways.

28 Apr 2008 description

by Margaret Green, Karen Jacobsen and Sandee Pyne (this is a more detailed version of the Forced Migration Review article that appeared in April 2008)

The International Rescue Committee (IRC) is concerned that there are significant numbers of Burmese living in Thailand who qualify for and deserve international protection and assistance even though they do not have access to proper registration processes.