The war and humanitarian crises engulfing northern Uganda are intricately linked with the armed conflict and unrest in eastern Uganda and southern Sudan. As a result of the links between the upheavals in these three areas, a vicious cycle of interlocked armed conflict and insecurity exists across the region. Yet the current policy of key international donor governments, the World Bank, the United Nations, and the African Union of addressing these conflicts in relative isolation may ultimately guarantee that armed conflict continues in the region.
According to experts from the Feinstein International Famine Center at Tufts, disasters like the famine in Niger could be prevented with better planning and efficient response.
Boston [08.15.05] The African nation of Niger is currently plagued by widespread famine resulting from years of drought and a recent locust plague.
The tsunami and earthquakes that hit the
Indian Ocean 26th December 2004 caused a disaster so extreme and so unusual
that it pushed all our models of response to the limit.
The last disaster even close to this magnitude was caused by the eruption of Krakatau in 1883. 36,417 people were killed as a 40 meter high wave descended on Java. The 2004 wave was of similar proportion but the devastation monumentally more. More people, more infrastructure, more connectivity.
This research examines perceptions of security
among three sets of actors: peace support operations (PSOs), assistance
agencies (AAs), and local populations. The research made three major
findings. First, perceptions of security differ significantly among the
three sets of actors. The second major finding is that perceptions differ
significantly within each of the three sets of actors. Thirdly, perceptions
of security evolve significantly over time.
In testimony before a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee, Tufts Professor Bruce Hitchner made the case for advancing constitutional reform in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Medford/Somerville, Mass. [04.04.05] In testimony before a Congressional subcommittee, Tufts Professor and Dayton Peace Accords Project Chairman Bruce Hitchner contended that the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina authored in 1995 at Dayton is in need of reform, and the international community must aid in the process.
Based on field work conducted in Bosnia-Herzegovina
in August - October 2004, this study is a collaborative effort between
the Feinstein International Famine Center at Tufts University and the Bosnia
office of Mercy Corps International.
The study focuses on the ways in which households in six rural villages adapted their livelihood strategies in response to drastic changes across three time periods: 1989, the height of the Bosnian war, and 2004.
In January 2005 the Government of Sudan (Gos) and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) signed a peace agreement which ended a devastating civil war lasting more than 20 years. Generations of southern Sudanese had experienced a chronic conflict which the international community found convenient to label a "chronic emergency". In part, this labelling provided the justification for an international aid response positioned almost exclusively within the relief sections of donors and UN agencies, and characterised by repeated back-to-back cycles of …
Disasters such as the recent tsunami, which derail development can no longer be viewed as short term blips from which society readily recovers. Disasters are part of normality, and if we are to have a longlasting effect we need to rethink the way aid is delivered and invest in development to help minimise the effects of natural phenomena.