2018 Global Food Policy Report: Anti-Globalism Threatens Progress in Hunger, Poverty Reduction; Requires Strong Policies and Global Leadership
Alors qu’une longue période de recul a été enregistrée entre 2000 et 2016, les niveaux de la faim dans le monde progressent de nouveau en 2017 faisant augmenter le nombre de personnes sous-alimentées. Pas moins de 815 millions de personnes souffrent aujourd’hui de la faim, ce qui représente une hausse inquiétante de 38 millions d’individus par rapport à 2016. Si les conditions climatiques expliquent en partie cette situation, l’explosion du nombre de conflits participe majoritairement à cette augmentation génératrice d’inégalités alarmantes.
Report Rates Hunger “Serious”, “Alarming” or “Extremely Alarming” in 52 countries
27 Percent Reduction in Global Hunger Index Scores Since 2000
The Global Hunger Index (GHI) is designed to comprehensively measure and track hunger globally and by country and region. Calculated each year by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), the GHI highlights successes and failures in hunger reduction and provides insights into the drivers of hunger. By raising awareness and understanding of regional and country differences in hunger, the GHI aims to trigger actions to reduce hunger.
The year 2016 saw important signs of resolve and commitments to sustainable development and food security. Yet the year also witnessed growing uncertainties linked to stagnant growth in the global economy, growing income inequalities everywhere, worsening refugee crises, increased polarization and populism among major donor countries, and rapid changes in the political landscape.
Donors will need to provide USD 4 billion of the total—a 45 per cent increase over current spending of USD 8.6 billion on global hunger programs—based on the traditional share of donor spending in developing countries.
The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) joined forces to estimate what it would cost to end hunger by 2030. The research was supported by the New Venture Fund.
Brazil, Rwanda, and Vietnam implemented forward-looking policies that led to their improved food security and nutrition. Alongside strong agricultural productivity growth, high profitability, and improved nutrition, these countries attracted private sector investment along the entire food value chain. The presence of strong partnerships contributed to this success.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals are an inspiring and essential call to action. We are being called upon to end hunger by 2030 for everyone – forever. So how do we respond? How can we make this a reality?
The following case studies from Burundi, India and Malawi highlight several steps which are being taken towards achieving ‘zero hunger’ in three very different countries. They focus on the complex challenges faced and the progress made so far, and demonstrate how lessons are being learned along the way.
ANNA DE LA PAZ
This paper uses panel data on 46 African countries from 2001 to 2014 to estimate the impacts of the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP), an agriculture-led integrated framework of development priorities in Africa, on agricultural expenditure and productivity, income, and nutrition. A difference-in-difference treatment-effects model (based on when a CAADP compact is signed and the level of CAADP implementation reached) and different estimation methods and model specifications are used.
Les pays en développement ont fait des progrès considérables dans la réduction de la faim depuis 2000. L’Indice de la faim dans le monde 2016 (GHI) montre que le niveau de la faim pour l’ensemble des pays en développement a diminué de 29 %. Mais les progrès ont été inégaux et de grandes disparités persistent entre les régions mondiales, les pays ainsi qu’à l’intérieur des pays.
Global Hunger Index: Over 45 Countries on Pace for “Moderate” to “Alarming” Hunger Levels by 2030 UN Deadline OCT 11, 2016
Report Rates Hunger “Serious” or “Alarming” in 50 Countries in 2016
29 Percent Reduction in Global Hunger Index Scores Since 2000
Few challenges facing the global community today match the scale of malnutrition, a condition that directly affects one in three people. Malnutrition manifests itself in many different ways: as poor child growth and development; as individuals who are skin and bone or prone to infection; as those who are carrying too much weight or whose blood contains too much sugar, salt, fat, or cholesterol; or those who are deficient in important vitamins or minerals.
May 29, 2016, Kathmandu, Nepal—As the fastest growing region in the world, South Asia’s path toward ending hunger and malnutrition will have global impacts far beyond the continent. The Global Food Policy Report, the flagship publication of the International Food Policy Research Institute, provides an in-depth look at major food policy developments and events in the past year, and examines key challenges and opportunities for the coming year.
Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators (ASTI) officially launched its new agricultural research and development indicators for Latin America and the Caribbean at a roundtable event at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) on Wednesday April 27.
The current El Niño episode may be among the strongest on record (Earth Institute 2015). This year again, serious localized production shortfalls have occurred or are expected, creating an urgent need for policy actions to ensure adequate food supply and food mobility from surplus to deficit regions.
The year 2015 was a watershed moment for the international development community. The endpoint of the Millennium Development Goals highlighted the striking advances made since 1990: extreme poverty, child mortality, and hunger all fell by around half. However, enormous challenges remain.