Whilst Brazil experiences comparatively high rates of violence and massive development interventions in its cities and hinterland, the scale and dynamics of cross-border or internal displacement are virtually unknown. There is a sparse literature on cross-border migration, whether voluntary or forced. Even less is known about internal displacement.
In this article we shall be looking into the institutional mechanisms in place for the promotion and protection of human rights and for the development of humanitarian practices within regional organizations. We shall depart from the concept of regional governance in order to understand the role played by regional organizations in generating and consolidating rules on human rights and on humanitarian practices. We shall take the international human rights regime, humanitarian law and humanitarianism as references for this analysis.
Part of the “humanitarian landscape” of cities in the Global South is increasingly marked by the presence of people internationally displaced by conflict and/or by massive violation of human rights. The paper aims at describing the current landscape of humanitarian protection afforded to refugees in Brazil, and particularly in Rio de Janeiro. It sheds light into an area of humanitarian protection that has received scarce, although growing, attention in both policy and academic debates in Brazil and Rio de Janeiro.
The future of humanitarian action could be decided in Medellin
CLAUDIA NAVAS CAPUTO AND ROBERT MUGGAH*