By Liz Holey and Barbara Rau
As part of the response to severe drought in Zimbabwe in 2015–17, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) provided funding to CARE (partnering with World Vision and two mobile network operators) to carry out a humanitarian cash transfer project to meet basic food needs for 400,000 people across 15 districts. Alongside the cash programme, the largest-ever in Zimbabwe, DFID designed and commissioned a market support mechanism to pay for commercial imports of maize.
by Yvonne Su
by John Borton and Sarah Collinson
For years nationals from outside the European Union (EU) have sought to enter the EU by irregular means, outside the regulatory norms of sending, transit and receiving countries. Since early 2015, however, the number of refugees and migrants entering (and trying to enter) the EU irregularly has increased dramatically, presenting the EU and its member states with profound organisational and political challenges and confronting the formal humanitarian sector with tests that it has struggled, and often failed, to meet.
by Sarah Bailey, Juan Bonilla, Kaitlin Carson, Gilbert Kiggundu, Mitchell Morey, Eleonora Nillesen and Hannah Ring
23 November 2017
by Dr Eleanor Ann Nwadinobi
by Margie Buchanan-Smith and Anne Radday
The 70th edition of Humanitarian Exchange, co-edited with Joe Read, focuses on the humanitarian crisis in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin. The violence perpetrated by Boko Haram and the counter-insurgency campaign in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger has created a humanitarian crisis affecting some 17 million people. Some 2.4 million have been displaced, the vast majority of them in north-eastern Nigeria. Many are living in desperate conditions, without access to sufficient food or clean water.
La Red de Práctica Humanitaria (Humanitarian Practice Network – HPN) del Overseas Development Institute en Londres es un foro independiente donde trabajadores humanitarios, gerentes y legisladores comparten información, análisis y experiencias. Las opiniones expresadas en las publicaciones de HPN no necesariamente afirman o reflejan aquellas del Humanitarian Policy Group o del Overseas Development Institute.
by Martina Ulrichs, Jessica Hagen-Zanker and Rebecca Holmes
by Noah Bullock
Over the last decade organised criminal violence in Central America has resulted in some of the highest homicide rates in the world. This violence has also generated a marked upsurge in forced displacement within countries, across the region and northwards into the United States and Mexico.
Jan Egeland, in his lead article for this issue of Humanitarian Exchange, calls this upsurge in forced displacement a crisis of protection on a scale unprecedented for areas not at war.
By Catherine Simonet, Eva Comba and Emily Wilkinson
This working paper provides an analysis of economic resilience at the national level, presenting a broad picture of changes in resilience to climate extremes over a 42 year period. It focuses on 12 countries in the Sahel, East Africa and Asia that are part of the UK Government funded resilience programme Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED).
by Tobias Flaemig, Susanna Sandstrom, Oscar Maria Caccavale, Jean-Martin Bauer, Arif Husain, Arvid Halma, and Jorn Poldermans.
Humanitarian programmes have recently started to shift from delivering in-kind aid – such as food, clothes and tents – to cash-based assistance. According to the New York Times, before 2015, 99% of the world’s humanitarian assistance came in the form of goods. By last year, that number had decreased to 94%.
by Emma van der Meulen and Akuja de Garang
In May 2013 we published an edition of the Humanitarian Exchange entitled ‘South Sudan at a crossroads’. Despite the challenges facing the world’s newest state, the tone was optimistic. Following the outbreak of conflict in December 2013, that sense of hope has turned to shock and despair: more than 3 million people have been displaced and almost 5m are food insecure; the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) has failed to stem violence against civilians, and the country has become one of the world’s most dangerous places for aid work.
by Adele Harmer and Monica Czwarno
In 2015, South Sudan overtook Afghanistan as the country with the highest number of violent attacks against aid workers. Amid a brutal three-year conflict, aid workers have been both caught in the crossfire and directly targeted by state, criminal and militant groups. Notwithstanding the devastating impact the conflict has had on civilians in South Sudan, violence against aid workers has the dual effect of harming victims and their families, as well as the wider response effort.
by Freddie Carver
John Tipper reviews the challenges of choosing how to respond to difficult humanitarian situations and outlines two different frameworks for action: classical and naturalistic decision making. The article concludes with an exercise to illustrate how relief workers can build up experience in making difficult decisions in situations where not all the information is available and every option has drawbacks.
by Max Hope, John McCloskey, Dom Hunt and Dominic Crowley