A group of leading health experts have highlighted a number of key issues in reducing maternal, neonatal and infant mortality as a means to achieving SDGs in Africa. Particularly notable was the need for improving the quality of health care provision.
The speakers were participating in a recent webinar, organised by the Aid and International Development Forum, ahead of a major event on Aid and International Development in Africa.
3.5 million people in Kenya were identified by the Ministry of Water and Irrigation in June 2017 as urgently requiring safe drinking water. Universal access to clean and safe drinking water and basic sanitation systems are key to achieving socio-economic transformation in countries, such as Kenya.
Access to clean water and sanitation can significantly reduce maternal and infant deaths. Safe drinking water and well-developed sewage services reduce the growing spread of communicable diseases, as well as increasing school enrolments and the productivity of working adults.
Approximately 36.7 million people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS, according to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS, 2016). Of these, 2.1 million are children. In 2016, an estimated 1.8 million individuals became newly infected with HIV, which equates to 5,000 new infections per day.
Although there was a decline in the HIV death rate between 2000 and 2015, African regions still account for almost two-thirds of the global total of new HIV infections. Africa is home to 25.6 million people with HIV (WHO, 2016).
Climate-smart agriculture has a profound impact on Kenya. The country is incredibly vulnerable to crises from extreme weather due to the reliance on climate-sensitive natural resources. The agriculture sector is a major contributor to the national GDP, which also leaves Kenya’s economy weak during periods of flooding or drought.
Access to healthcare in Africa differs greatly from region to region. The distance one lives to an urban centre determines the access they have to medical services, and is frequently a barrier. Africa holds a quarter of the world’s disease burden yet it is home to only 2% of its doctors. This gap is slowly being filled by innovations and mixed reality technologies that support health SDGs.
The combination of drought, El Niño and conflict has left East Africa struggling to survive. The region is facing a monumental hunger crisis with 24 million people affected in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and South Sudan. More than 15 million children in the region are facing health risks due to ongoing drought and insecurity. Of them approximately 800,000 are severely malnourished and at risk of starvation. This largely pastoral region has been hit particularly hard by drought which resulted in an immense loss of livestock.
Disaster preparedness methods and prevention infrastructure have been proven to mitigate the impacts of catastrophes on citizens around the world. As shown in the infographic by the Aid and International Development Forum (AIDF), every euro spent on disaster prevention efforts is predicted to result in €4 savings that would go towards response efforts.
Impact of Climate Change & Exposure to Disasters
The number of forcibly displaced people has grown from 33.9 million persons in 1997 to 65.6 million persons in 2016 due in large part to significant conflicts in the Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa. As shown in the infographic by the Aid and International Development Forum (AIDF), 55% of all displaced persons in 2016 were from Syria, Afghanistan or South Sudan - also named the fastest growing refugee crisis. The rise in conflict globally has resulted in the occurrence of 20 displacements per minute last year and a new record high for the total number of people affected by displacement.
More than 250 high-profile representatives from NGOs, businesses, government and UN organisations are set to convene at the Aid & Development Asia Summit in Nay Pyi Taw next week to exchange innovative and sustainable solutions for improving aid delivery and development strategy in Southeast Asia.
An estimated $150 million is required to meet the needs of half a million people in Myanmar throughout the year, as identified by the United Nations Humanitarian Response Plan 2017. The requested funding is down from $189.5 million in 2016, which was needed to support one million people, illustrates the AIDF infographic [click here to view].
by Alina O'Keeffe, Aid & International Development Forum
Modern science and technology transformed how the humanitarian community addresses current and emerging challenges. Disaster response and preparedness, emergency procurement, agricultural productivity as well as health & WASH practices are more effective thanks to innovative solutions aimed to support vulnerable populations and progress towards the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Last year 574 disasters were reported around the globe and 108 million people have been affected, according to the latest infographic by the Aid & International Development Forum. The vast majority (92%) of natural disasters are due to global warming. Out of 65.3 million displaced people around the world over 14% are being hosted in Asia and the Pacific.
How can we increase the use of latrines in rapid-onset emergencies? How can we ensure that all affected people have access to latrines? And how can we sustain this until better, household level facilities have been set up months, or years, later?
The answer is straightforward: provide sanitation facilities that people can and want to use. Provide facilities that are safe and accessible, for men as well as for women, children and people with disabilities. Design sanitation facilities that provide privacy and dignity.
The [Aid & International Development Forum (AIDF)] has released an infographic that explores infrastructure resilience and access to services in Southeast Asia, with a particular focus on Myanmar.
South East Asia is particularly prone to natural disasters: a situation which is compounded by the fact that more than half the countries in the region are low or lower income. In addition, three countries (Cambodia, Lao PDR and Myanmar) are considered least developed.
More than 300 high-profile representatives from NGOs, businesses, government and UN organisations are set to convene at the Aid & Development Africa Summit in Nairobi this February exchanging innovative and sustainable solutions for improving aid delivery and development strategy in sub-Saharan East Africa.
With Aid & Development Africa Summit fast approaching, Aid & International Development Forum (AIDF) is excited to share the agenda and recently confirmed speakers, who will deliver invaluable insight into technological innovations and best practice to improve aid delivery and development strategy in sub-Saharan East Africa.
The recent Aid & International Development Forum (AIDF) infographic provides a snapshot of the current state of education in sub-Saharan Africa. World Bank data shows that the global average pupil-teacher ratio is 24:1, in sub-Saharan Africa, however, the ratio is 42:1 and in Kenya the situation is even worse, with one teacher to every 57 pupils.
Today, the world is facing unprecedented crises and growing challenges. A total of 574 disasters were reported in 2015 alone, 116, or 20 percent, of which occurred in Africa. These disasters affected 108 million people globally, 31 million (29 percent) in Africa alone. In 2015, 32,550 people were killed as a result of disasters, compared to 14,389 in 2014. In addition, the total amount of disaster estimated damage in 2015 was almost US$ 70.3 million.