JEN has been working in one of the IDP camps in the Kurdish region, which accommodates approximately 13,000 individuals. In a crowded emergency situation, where people live close to each other, the likelihood of diseases developing and spreading quickly is high. Although each tent is allocated a private toilet facility in the Camp, which allows for greater privacy and better sanitation environment, some people engage in risky hygiene behaviors.
We could have supported to rebuild their lives of more than 167,000 IDPs and returnees for 7 years in the North and the East of Sri Lanka. We constructed 188 transitional shelters and 188 semi-permanent toilets. Also, we could clean 1,535 wells and renovated 1,275 wells, and constructed 13 common tube wells not only to assure safe water for domestic use, but also to be a base for restarting regular vocation towards farmers. Also, we could construct or renovate 16 culverts, which promoted marking and economic activities during rainy season.
Sinjar Mountain is located in the northeast of Iraq in the Ninewa governorate. Since August 2014, the, when city of Sinjar was taken over by ISIS, as many as 50,000 people fled to Sinjar Mountain. Most of them have since been relocated to other parts of Kurdistan, but a little over 1,000 families still remain in the mountain, living in harsh conditions. The majority of IDPs are living in tents and makeshift shelters in spontaneous settlements scattered around the mountain.
Bannu city is the headquarter of Bannu Division of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Bannu is an oldest city founded in ancient times. However the foundation of the present Bannu was placed by Lieutenant Herbert Edwardes in 1848. Due to its geographical location and proximity to Afghanistan Bannu was once a British military base used for action against Afghan border tribes. Bannu has borders with east of Khost province of Afghanistan, 35 km east of North and South Waziristan, 127 km south of Kohat and 143 km north of Dera Ismail Khan.
JEN has been involved in wide range of activities including helping victims make a living and restore their communities since right after the disaster in the Oshika Peninsula, the city of Ishinomaki. Its activities to restore communities have been conducted mainly in the Ohara district located in the middle of the peninsula.
Mostly people in Parwan have economically difficulty and cannot afford to bear the expenses of the private clinics. Most of the people try to go to the government hospital for their health problems. Due to lack of proper funds and over crowdedness, the Parwan main hospital faces difficulties to accommodate all the patients especially children. Most of the patients from all over the Parwan province came to Parwan 100 beds hospital for the treatment. As children are more susceptible to the diseases so JEN focused more on child patients.
At the end of March, JEN team visited Muzaffargarh, a district in southern Punjab to carry out post distribution monitoring. JEN had implemented an emergency non-food items distribution project there for flood affected people in December, 2014. It was satisfactory to note that project beneficiaries were utilizing non-food items provided by JEN.
As JEN’s winterization item voucher distribution project came to a completion, JEN’s staff conducted a post-distribution monitoring survey targeting 93 families out of the 293 families who received the vouchers. Post-distribution monitoring allows JEN to understand the strengths and weaknesses of the project and sheds light to the impact of the assistance. This was particularly important to JEN, as this voucher distribution was the first time JEN participated in cash assistance projects.
After the 26 year-long civil war ended in May, 2009, more than 280,000 Tamils started to return from the IDP camps to their home. In response to this, JEN provided assistance for water supply, where the people can get necessary domestic water at the IDP camp in Vavuniya District, since people had been facing with serious water shortage since June, 2009. At the same time, JEN distributed emergency-relief material (hygiene kits, shelter kits, complementary foods) which Tamils needed when they returned home.
Za’atari Camp has about 83,500 refugees living in it at the moment. Almost exactly half are women. In the districts where JEN works there are about 3,600 women between ages 12 and 39 years old. Knowledge about how to handle menstruation and other women’s topics is usually shared between mother or aunt and the younger generation. Many women in the camp did not receive any formal education about health or hygiene so they don’t always have accurate information to share.
JEN has started hygiene promotion activities in earnest from this month under the current on-going project. From among 6 project sites, we share an activity which was hold at an elementary school in Duplessis in Leogane in this article.
During our visit, 5 hygiene promoters explained how to wash hands and reasons why it is important to do it in each grade. After that, children practiced hand washing.
In short term emergency project where time is short and assistance is critical, a humanitarian organization can rely upon community elder for SMART (Specific Measurable Attainable Relevant and Time bound) implementation of the project, provided; that the community elder is sensibly selected. Previous experience of the community elder with a community based organization makes him/her more suitable person as he/she knows the know-how of community work.
In Kurdistan, currently, 24 camps for Internal Displaced Persons (IDPs) have been operated. It is very difficult to manage and progress of it the environment due to the size of camps where it is under the government’s single work; therefore, UN agencies and NGOs, as they are undertaken similar acting roles, are working together with the government.
JEN distributed the vouchers for IDPs living in Kurdistan region of Iraq. This voucher can be used as a payment for winterization items such as heater, kerosene, blanket etc.
Many people went to shops which vouchers are accepted immediately after receiving vouchers. One week has passed since the voucher distribution, and a half of vouchers has been used. The most popular items among people are Kerosene and Children’s cloth.
【7 years of support activities for IDPs and returnees in the eastern and northern region】
The conflict between Sri Lankan government and LTTE had intensified in the second half of 2006 and this lead up to 130,000 Tamils to become IDPs. After the conflict in the eastern region ended in July, 2007, homecoming officially completed by November, 2008.
Most of the refugees children in Iraq don’t have schools in 2014 because of the schools far away from the camps, other reason the schools in the cities centers cannot assimilate the large numbers of refugees students . more than the half of Iraqi refugees in the camps of Kurdistan cities, In Al sulaimaniya the Kurdistan government prepare 66 caravans using it as a schools for the refugees students and 46 schools (caravans) in Erbil and till now don’t prepare the requirements like desks, blackboards, books,copybooks and teachers .
In normal life, we are having toilets and showers in our homes and we do not recognize their importance in our lives unless we lose them. In fact, we think about that importance only when we have to replace a fitting or properly facing lack of water which might be occurs only a few times per year.
This time, we introduce the third approach in new project, which is hygiene promotion activity.
In order to prevent waterborne diseases such as cholera, we currently disseminate appropriate hygiene knowledge to population in 6 communities.
In Haut Gerard and Bas Gerard, where we construct kiosk shaped water facilities in this new project, hygiene promotion volunteers are selected and trained. Then, they take place hygiene promotion session for local residents, and house to house visit at each community and school to distribute correct hygiene knowledge.
During the past 10 years since the end of December 2004, we have been able to support living of more than 200,000 people by receiving about 620 million yens for emergency aid from Ajinomoto Co. Inc., the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kao Corporation, Sompo Japan Nipponkoa Insurance Inc. , Japan Platform, Japan Team of Young Human Power, Chabo!, Felissimo, Smile Heart Club of Mitsui Sumitomo Insurance Co., Ltd. Management Organization for Postal Savings and Postal Life Insurance, Yomiuri Light and Humanity Association and many other individuals.
Mr. Khana Mir is an elderly person displaced from North Waziristan Agency to district Bannu due to military operation. He is father of 3 sons and 2 daughters. Two of his sons are affected by polio virus aging 32 and 35. His third son is daily-wage laborer in the local market.
Mr. Khana Mir works as a security guard in a restaurant and earns 8000 PKR per month. Besides this he receives monthly food ration assistance from World Food Program. Government and other humanitarian organizations have also supported his family.