The last year has seen significant global challenges, including an unprecedented level of humanitarian need, rising inequality and exclusion, growing climate change impacts, and increasing threats to our shared security. Nevertheless, the international community has taken important steps in addressing these challenges by implementing the recent bold commitments to foster sustainable peace.
On 4 October 2016 Haiti was struck by a category five hurricane, the strongest such storm in over 50 years. Hundreds were killed and over 1.4 million made homeless. A household survey of 2,792 households was undertaken between 11-21 October 2016. Repeat surveys were taken with a selection of households in December 2016 and February 2017. The survey demonstrated that Haitians were severely affected by the storm, with more than 67% claiming to be made homeless or forced to temporarily relocate. The survey also underlined the importance of food security, particularly among female respondents.
The time for the signing of the peace agreements and the cessation of one of the world’s most enduring armed conflicts has finally arrived. The Colombian government and the FARC finished negotiations to bring the conflict to an end, and the formal signing of the peace agreement took place on September, 26. All that remains to be done is waiting for the result of the plebiscite on October, 2nd, which will validate it.
The UN is reforming itself to better confront new and emerging peace and security challenges in the twenty-first century. A series of reviews have been undertaken to help the UN system take the right decisions. As the 70th UN General Assembly (UNGA) prepares to deliberate on these reforms, Igarapé Institute assembled governments and civil society groups from across Latin America to identify priorities and capacities to deliver on the evolving international peace and security agenda.
There are hundreds of thousands of homicides a year around the world, but strangely limited public debate on the issue. A new online data visualization launched by the Igarapé Institute intends to change this. It detects between 437,000 and 468,000 homicides a year, or 6.7 murders per 100,000 people. In some countries and cities, homicide is the leading cause of death for young people. In others, homicide is virtually non-existent.
Athena R. Kolbe, Augusta Herman and Robert Muggah
In December 2013, chikungunya, a deadly dengue-like virus spread by mosquitos, was first diagnosed in the Americas on the island of St. Martin. The disease quickly spread to neighboring islands and on May 7 the Haitian Ministry of Health confirmed 14 cases. A week later that number had increased to more than 1,500. Within two weeks of its purported arrival, it had risen to more than 5,500 cases. Epidemiologists report that chikungunya is likely to keep spreading.
This Strategic Note maps out the digital environment shaping public security in selected informal settlements of Nairobi. It considers the diverse ways in which information communication technologies (ICTs) are being adopted by Kenyan police in informal settlements and by the community in Mathare, one of Nairobi’s most violent informal settlements (or slum). It highlights the views and attitudes of police working in different informal settlements and identifies opportunities and challenges for the introduction of new smart policing tools in the Nairobi context.
Robert Muggah and Patrick Meier*
Eduarda P. Hamann and Robert Muggah (eds.)
The Responsibility to protect (R2P) was admitted as an international norm in 2005 by 191 heads of government and state. R2P emphasizes that states have the responsibility to protect their populations from four major human rights violations: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing.
Far from global media headlines, tropical storms devastated Haiti during the recent hurricane season. In late August 2011, 19 people were killed when hurricane Isaac touched down. More than 50 more people were killed when Hurricane Sandy ripped through Southern Haiti in October 2012. Some 16 more people were killed in November 2012 during flooding in the northern city of Cap Haitien. And the impacts extended beyond death and injury: rain triggered mudslides throughout the country, washing out homes, roadways and bridges and bringing transportation to a near standstill.