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19 Jul 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute

Brazil is facing a range of challenges in protecting and caring for refugees. There are tens of thousands new arrivals from Venezuela. But there are also roughly 10,000 refugees and asylum seekers in major Brazilian cities, including in Rio de Janeiro, many of them from Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Many of them are struggling to find work.

06 Jun 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute

Adriana Erthal Abdenur and Maiara Folly

Originally published on PassBlue

06 Jun 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute

As warfare spikes, UN peacekeeping is at a breaking point, unable to keep up with relentless demand.


by Robert Muggah and Adriana Abdenur

Originally published on The Hill Times

The threat of catastrophic war between great powers is at the highest point since the end of the Cold War. Rising tensions between the United States and its closest rivals—especially Russia, China, Iran, and North Korea—have set the world on edge.

01 May 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute

In war-torn Syria, the contents of one’s phone mean the difference between life and death. “My phone is my lifeline,” Umm Hassan told us, one of the more than 150,000 Syrian citizens fleeing the destruction of Eastern Ghouta last month, as regime forces moved in. “But, please help me. How do I delete everything on it?”

26 Apr 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute

Many Latin American countries, states and cities are facing a chronic public security crisis. In spite of more than a decade of modest economic growth, crime and victimization rates are rising, not dropping. Nevertheless, recent information of 2017 show some signs of improvement. Criminal violence is routinely singled out as one of the top concerns of citizens from across Mexico, Central America and South America. And there are warning signs that the region ́s high rates of criminal violence and victimization will continue rising if nothing is done.

29 Mar 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute

At last one person around the world is forced from their home and property every single second. Many of them – about 22 million – are refugees.

Even more – some 36 million – are internally displaced. While the majority of displaced people are fleeing from violence, a surprisingly large number of people are also on the move due to development schemes and natural disasters.

The Igarapé Institute has launched a new platform to track the scope and scale of forced migration in a country often outside the spotlight – Brazil.

16 Mar 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute

Ousmane Diallo and Gustavo de Carvalho

More than two and a half years since its signature in Bamako, the agreement for peace and national reconciliation between the government of Mali, the Coordination of the Movements of Azawad (CMA), and the Plateforme coalition is at a standstill. Particularly by failing to deliver on its key promises, the effectiveness of initiatives that were once deemed as key innovations from the Malian peace process, like the Agreement Monitoring Committee (CSA, Comité de suivi de láccord), are now under threat.

07 Mar 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute


Bodó, the Amazon sailfin catfish, is known by local residents as a very resistant fish. Its body is covered with rough skin and it can breathe out of water and “live in the mud.” As it lives in flooded and muddy areas, the fish inspired the pejorative nickname given to the slum houses built on stilts: “bodozal”.

Thousands of people live for months in houses like these flooded by dirty water during the flood season, between April and June.

16 Jan 2018 description
report Igarapé Institute

How can states that contribute troops, police, and civilians to peacekeeping operations learn from one another about training for such deployments? Although TCCs/PCCs have historically operated in a relatively isolated fashion, new networks of exchange are helping to drive innovation, including through trans-regional South-South cooperation.

26 Dec 2017 description
report Igarapé Institute

Adriana Erthal Abdenur, in San Vicente del Caguán, Caquetá, Colombia

Christmas preparations are in full swing at the church offices in San Vicente del Caguán, in the department of Caquetá.  Groups of children sit cross-legged on the patio, cutting stars out of shiny construction paper and hanging ornaments on the bushes.  In a small meeting room, I sit down to speak with Sonia (not her real name), one of the community leaders for mine action.

20 Dec 2017 description
report Igarapé Institute

Half of the 4.7 million people in the Central African Republic (CAR) currently depend on humanitarian assistance for basic needs, and a full one-fourth of the population has been forcibly displaced. Armed conflict has combined with chronic underdevelopment and extremely low state capacity to produce these dire outcomes. In the past few years, violence has spiraled out of control in parts of the country despite the presence of a peacekeeping mission.

13 Dec 2017 description
report Igarapé Institute

Adriana Erthal Abdenur, in Agua Bonita, Colombia

Nested among the lush green mountains of Caquetá, in the Amazonía region of Colombia, around 200 ex-combatants from the FARC guerrilla group are building a socialist community in the same area where they laid down their arms earlier this year.  Locals know the place as Agua Bonita, but the ex-combatants have renamed it after Héctor Ramírez, a martyr of the Southern Bloc (Bloque Sur)–a FARC subdivision that once operated primarily in parts of Caquetá and neighboring Huila, Putumayo, and Cauca departments.

04 Dec 2017 description
report Igarapé Institute

Humanitarian demining is often presented as a technical component of post-conflict reconstruction and peacebuilding, a painstaking and slow process necessary to avoid the human suffering caused by anti-personnel mines, improvised explosive devices, and explosive remnants of war (ERW) such as unexploded ordinance that have been left over after a peace deal is signed.

28 Nov 2017 description
report Igarapé Institute

Burundi’s ongoing political instability highlights the stark divide between global conflict prevention rhetoric and practice

Since the announcement by Burundian President, Pierre Nkurunziza, to run for a controversial third term in early 2015, political instability across the country – marked by a failed coup d’état, clashes between government and opposition forces, suppression of civil society, and targeted assassinations – has tested the limits of international conflict prevention responses.