By Carly Rodgers
Brazil has engaged in United Nations (UN)-mandated peacekeeping operations since 1956. Since then, it has contributed to roughly 50 peacekeeping missions and more than 33,000 military officials, police officers and civilians.
In 1991, the Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics (IBGE) introduced " Indígena" as a categor y of self- identification to the national census.
Today, 817,963 Indigenous people live in Brazil, representing 0.4% of the nation's total population. Indigenous peoples in Brazil represent 305 different ethnic groups and speak more than 270 Indigenous languages.
Urban Persepectives: A New Generation of Ideas
Initiative Empowers National Networks, Stakeholders and Governments to Generate and Access Real-time Data and Tools through UN Electronic Platform ‘Environment Live”
Geneva, 8 May, 2017 – A new alliance of citizen-science organizations and UN Environment will be launched, Monday, in an effort to escalate the global fight against mosquito-borne diseases, responsible for killing close to 2.7 million people annually. Overall mosquito-borne cases are estimated at 500 million every year, according to figures released by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Where violent conflict displaces people and disrupts societies, maternal and child health suffers, and such instability is widespread today. According to the UN Refugee Agency, there are 65.3 million forcibly displaced people, 21.3 million refugees, and 10 million stateless people over the world. In addition, more than 65 million people who are not displaced are affected by conflict.
by Gracie Cook
When war breaks out, what happens to the weather forecast? Violent conflict disrupts many essential services in developing countries and one of the most overlooked is meteorology, which has surprisingly big consequences for farmers, policymakers, and the aid workers who are there to help.
“A New Climate for Peace: Taking Action on Climate and Fragility Risks”, an independent report commissioned by members of the G7, identifies seven compound climate-fragility risks that pose serious threats to the stability of states and societies in the decades ahead.
Mary Elizabeth Malinkin and Liliya Nigmatullina
These days, it's easy to assume the worst about Afghanistan's interminable election crisis.
Both presidential candidates believe they won the election, and neither wants to back down. And on some levels, it's hard to blame then. The preliminary run-off results placed Ashraf Ghani far ahead, and his election staff -- who tout the heavy campaigning they undertook before the second round of voting, particularly in Pashtun areas -- expects him (as most observers do) to eventually be declared the winner.
By Bulent Aras
The August 10, 2014, presidential election in Turkey marks the first time voters will be able to directly elect their president. Current Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who has held power since 2002, is one of several candidates. Many factors will shape the outcome of the elections: domestic problems such as the economy, infrastructure, and corruption, as well as external issues, such as energy transit and the crisis in Syria.
Edited by Michael Kugelman
Pakistan is South Asia’s most rapidly urbanizing country. In barely 10 years, nearly 50 percent of its 180 million people will live in cities (a third do today). This new publication discusses the drivers of Pakistan’s urbanization, and examines the country’s major urban challenges. It also offers a series of policy recommendations and ways forward to help tackle a trend that won’t be going away anytime soon.
Jun 16, 2014
By Cynthia J. Arnson
The too-close-to-call presidential election in Colombia on Sunday, June 15 will surely be a fight down to the wire between incumbent Juan Manuel Santos and former finance minister, Óscar Iván Zuluaga. But more than just a clash of candidates and parties, the election is fundamentally a referendum on how to end Colombia’s fifty-year, internal armed conflict, the longest running in Latin America and undoubtedly one of the oldest in the world.
As policymakers respond to the threat of climate and environmental change, the concept of resilience has found itself at the center of discussion. Few scientists and policymakers, however, can come to a consensus on how to define, evaluate, and build resilience.
The concept is sometimes defined as “the ability to bounce back.” But others argue getting back to a baseline is not enough – the goal should be to come back stronger, better positioned for the future, to “bounce forward,” as Professor Patricia Longstaff of Syracuse University put it at the Wilson Center last fall.
Sandeep Bathala, Senior Program Associate for the Environmental Change and Security Program and the Maternal Health Initiative at the Wilson Center, discusses Gender Based Violence and explores ethical questions surrounding the use of new technologies to combat what some describe as a global epidemic.
By Fritz Nganje
Peacebuilding from Below: The Role of Decentralized South-South Cooperation in Africa By Fritz Nganje
"Significant international investment has been placed in peacebuilding and statebuilding, particularly in Africa, which is home to 13 of the 18 countries that comprise the G7+ group of fragile and conflict-affected states. Yet, as the recurrent instability on the continent suggests, the returns on this investment have been minimal if not nonexistent."
What is the relationship between a community’s resilience and its ability to cope with a disaster? How can one identify the strengths of a community? How can technology give voice to communities, fostering engagement and resilience in daily life and in responses to a disaster?
The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and other scientific institutions are using social media and crowdsourcing to learn more about earthquakes, according to a new report. These techniques provide inexpensive and rapid data to augment and extend the capabilities provided by traditional monitoring techniques.
The new report, Transforming Earthquake Detection and Science Through Citizen Seismology, released by the Commons Lab at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, outlines these groundbreaking citizen science projects.
In the chaos of political change in the MENA region today, women face a number of security challenges, from rising lawlessness to backsliding on legal rights. But the rising incidence of politically motivated sexual violence against women is especially worrying, particularly in Egypt where women have been the victims of horrible and systematic mass sexual assaults.