Los derechos humanos no desaparecen en el momento en que ocurre un terremoto, un huracán o un tsunami. Después del tsunami en el Océano Índico, el terremoto en Haití y en muchas otras situaciones de desastre, hemos observado que durante los esfuerzos de socorro y recuperación, la protección de los derechos humanos gana importancia, ya que puede salvaguardar la dignidad de las personas afectadas. Las personas son de lo más vulnerables en momentos de crisis, por lo tanto la prevención de la discriminación y el abuso es vital.
Prepared for UNHCR Bellagio Roundtable, 22-26 February 2011
By Elizabeth Ferris
"The commonality of climate change as a driver is an insufficient rationale for grouping together a disparate array of displacement scenarios and proceeding to discuss policy responses in generic terms."
While there is growing interest in the issue of climate change and displacement, there doesn't seem to be consensus about the 'entry point' into the debate.
In many situations of armed conflict, humanitarian aid organizations are prevented from providing assistance and protection to civilians in need. Sometimes the aid groups are blocked by authorities, sometimes by non-state actors.
Poverty reduction lies at the core of the global development challenge. For the international development community, this objective serves not only as a source of motivation, but as a defining theme across its work. Many of the world's most prominent aid organizations cite poverty reduction as their overarching goal.
But while our common goal of poverty reduction is never disputed, we find it remarkably difficult to measure whether it is happening, and if so how fast.
This is a revised version of the 2006 IASC Operational Guidelines on Human Rights and Natural Disasters. To request a hard copy, please contact Adam Pienciak at email@example.com.
Natural disasters are traditionally seen as situations creating challenges mainly related to the provision of humanitarian assistance.
One year since the earthquake that devastated Haiti, the government and people of Haiti continue to experience a multitude of hardships. Massive displacement, a devastated infrastructure and the recent outbreak of cholera have all spurred the international humanitarian community into action.
Since the conflicts over Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the early 1990s, violence has erupted several times in Georgia, most notably in August 2008. Large-scale human rights violations characterized the August 2008 war, including the displacement of almost 150,000 people. By the time the fighting ended, Georgia had lost the last areas it controlled in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, and Russia subsequently recognized the independence of both.
November 04, 2010 - Editor's Note: In a presentation to a conference in Beirut, Lebanon hosted by the American University of Beirut and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA), Elizabeth Ferris and Chareen Stark examine the evolution of the concept of civilian protection, the challenges of operationalizing protection, and what international organizations in other crises can learn from UNRWA.
Protection has become very much in vogue in the humanitarian community.
Elizabeth Ferris, Co-Director, Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement The Brookings Institution
This presentation was conducted at the Center for Human Rights and International Justice at Boston College in Chestnut Hill, MA.
North Korea, Human Rights, Northeast Asia, Internal Displacement
Roberta Cohen, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy
Citizens' Alliance for North Korean Human Rights, Seoul
Fall 2010 - Several years ago, a senior Chinese diplomat told me that his government does not consider North Koreans who cross into China to be refugees. They are like Mexicans, he said, who illegally enter the United States, "economic migrants" seeking to better their lives.
Haiti, Natural Disasters, Human Rights, Internal Displacement
Elizabeth Ferris, Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy
National Council of Churches' Working Group on Haiti
September 09, 2010 - In a presentation to the National Council of Churches' working group on Haiti, Elizabeth Ferris outlines why the recovery and reconstruction efforts since the January 2010 earthquake have been disapointing, and points out what needs to be done to improve the situation moving forward.
Thanks for the opportunity to be with you today to talk about your efforts to support recovery and …
On September 1, the Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement hosted a discussion on the challenges the Pakistani government and the international community face in responding to the flooding. Panelists included Mark Ward of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); the International Rescue Committee's Michael Young; Tim Lenderking of the U.S. Department of State; and Brookings experts Stephen P. Cohen and Gen.
JULY 12, 2010 - It's now been six months since the devastating Haitian earthquake which left more than 200,000 people dead, more than a million homeless and a massive reconstruction task ahead. While others are assessing the relief effort and planning long-term recovery programs, in this short article we would like to comment on one particular aspect of response to the Haitian earthquake which has received little attention in the media and which bridges the immediate relief and long-term reconstruction efforts: the question of temporary shelter and permanent housing.
Roberta Cohen, Nonresident Senior Fellow, Foreign Policy
38 North, U.S.-Korea Institute at SAIS
June 2010 -
Editor's Note: This piece originally appeared in 38 North, a website devoted to the analysis of North Korea and produced by the U.S.- Korea Insitute at the Paul H. Nitze School for Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University.
That North Korea has one of the world's worst human rights records is not in dispute.
As the single largest donor of humanitarian aid, the US response is critical to
determining how effectively internally displaced persons (IDPs), refugees and
other affected populations are dealt with in humanitarian crises. Although the
United States over the past decade has taken important steps to integrate the needs of IDPs
into its policies and programs, there remain many significant ways to improve its response
to situations of mass displacement.
Internal displacement is generally regarded as a natural, albeit unfortunate, byproduct of armed conflict that implies a response by the national government concerned and increasingly, by the international community. Situations of large-scale internal displacement are complicated by the fact that the governments in question are frequently directly involved in the conflict which gives rise to the displacement or simply lack the capacity to protect citizens effectively when violence erupts.
The people of Pakistan and Afghanistan have faced considerable strife over the past decade as a result of the ongoing conflict and tribal tensions.
South-East Asia is a theater for disaster.=A8 In the past decade alone, floods, cyclones, earthquakes, droughts, and a devastating tsunami destroyed hundreds of thousands of lives and livelihoods and left more than a million persons homeless. In each disaster, humanitarian responders rushed to the scene to preserve human life and reduce immediate suffering. For many humanitarian agencies involved in immediate disaster response, human rights protection has been a secondary concern as they struggle to ensure that necessary relief items are available quickly.
Walter Kälin, Representative of the UN Secretary General on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons and Co-director , Brookings-Bern Project on Internal Displacement
Addressing Internal Displacement in Peace Processes and Agreements Launch Event
Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen,
A police officer guards a gate where ethnic Tamils will vote at a polling station in Manik Farm camp for the internally displaced in Vavuniya.
Let me start with two short quotes:
"The exclusion of IDPs from peace processes is both unjust and unwise. ...