Schools will only function properly when Mali’s government restores stability and security.
17 OCT 2017 / BY NADIA ADAM , EKATERINA GOLOVKO AND BOUBACAR SANGARÉ
As has been the case annually since the crisis in Mali erupted in 2012, the start of the school year on 9 October was ineffective countrywide. Hundreds of schools remained closed in the north and centre of the country because of rampant insecurity.
The African Union (AU) is making a renewed effort to help the Central African Republic (CAR) to its feet after having withdrawn from the country in 2014 and handed operations over to the United Nations (UN). The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is meeting on 16 October 2017 to discuss the implementation of the new AU Roadmap for the CAR. Ongoing violence, however, is hindering the various attempts at achieving a ceasefire and protecting CAR civilians.
The AU’s amnesty can only work if African governments implement existing arms regulations.
BY NELSON ALUSALA
Last month the African Union (AU) Peace and Security Council (PSC) kicked off its amnesty period for the surrender of illegally owned arms. The annual month-long initiative, to be observed every September, is part of the AU’s effort to implement its road map on practical steps to ‘silence the guns in Africa by 2020’.
On 12 July 2017 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) renewed the mandate of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) for another year – with a number of critical changes. The PSC is also set to receive a briefing on AMISOM on Tuesday 3 October. The new mandate of the largest Africa-led peace-support operation is less about fighting al-Shabaab and more about supporting the Federal Government of Somalia to establish a functioning and effective security sector architecture. This comes as the AU is considering a gradual exit from Somalia.
Last month the Peace and Security Council (PSC) held another in a series of meetings on the effects of drought on the state of peace and security in Africa. As mitigating the effects of climate change increasingly features on the international agenda, the PSC is still trying to find entry points to position itself on this critical issue.
Over the last two years the PSC has met four times on climate change’s impact on the stability of the continent.
- State responses to terrorism risk making the problem worse
- ISS research challenges misperceptions about extremism
- Malian youths join jihadi groups for protection not fanaticism
- There’s a lack of evidence to link migration and extremism
- Sustained security requires policy that understands why people become terrorists
New research from Africa shows that governments’ responses to terrorism often make the problem worse.
Young people are key to peace efforts, but they need support and a place at the table.
BY MUNEINAZVO KUJEKE
Violent conflicts are prevalent in African countries with large youth populations such as Mali, Central African Republic and Somalia. In some instances, young people contribute to the violence in these conflicts.
If the AU is serious about transitional justice, it can’t focus on the hybrid court alone.
BY LIEZELLE KUMALO AND AMANDA LUCEY
When government soldiers stormed the Terrain residential compound in Juba, South Sudan, on 11 July 2016, they attacked, robbed and raped foreign aid workers and shot dead a local journalist.
Given the AU’s understanding of the need for localised solutions, its facilitator role should be maximised.
BY LIEZELLE KUMALO AND AMANDA LUCEY
In this issue
- Special Focus – UN General Assembly
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is set to meet on the margins of the upcoming General Assembly in New York to talk about South Sudan.
With full UN support, the African Union’s commitment to curbing arms trafficking can become a sustainable solution.
Heads of state are asked to insist on international solidarity for disasters caused by climate change in Africa during the General Debate at the UN later this month.
- Addis Insight
Spotlight: how does the ISS improve human security in Africa?
The 2016 annual review shows that ISS is a trusted partner for tackling security challenges.
This year, the annual review focuses on how the Institute for Security Studies (ISS) does its work; the skills and activity that make the ISS so effective.
It starts with a corps of dedicated staff, predominantly African and based on the continent. ‘Our staff are skilled and committed to human security,’ says Anton du Plessis, ISS Executive Director.
The AU’s initiative to help affected countries looks promising, but needs global backing.
11 SEP 2017 / BY LIESL LOUW-VAUDRAN
The African Union (AU) has developed an insurance mechanism to help member countries in the case of extreme weather conditions and natural disasters caused by climate change. As with many AU initiatives, the African Risk Capacity (ARC) is still poorly supported by member states, but this could change with added backing from the African Development Bank (AfDB) and others.
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) is set to meet at ministerial level on the margins of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly’s opening session in New York later this month to discuss the continuing war in South Sudan. Neither the PSC nor the UN Security Council (UNSC) has so far come up with lasting solutions to the devastating war in Africa’s newest state.
Regional efforts like those against the LRA and Boko Haram could reinvent continental approaches to conflicts.
01 SEP 2017 / BY GUSTAVO DE CARVALHO AND ANNETTE LEIJENAAR
Dans ce numéro
- A l’ordre du jour
L’UA tarde à respecter son engagement d’organiser un dialogue national pour la réconciliation en Libye.
Les réponses non militaires comme les projets de déradicalisation et de réinsertion des ex-militants sont cruciales dans la lutte contre Boko Haram.
- Analyse de situation
En République du Congo, le parti au pouvoir a remporté les élections législatives du mois dernier dans un contexte de violences et de contestations.
- Vues d’Addis
In this issue
On the Agenda
The AU is yet to deliver on its decision to initiate a national dialogue on reconciliation for Libya.
Non-military responses such as the deradicalisation and reintegration of ex-militants are crucial in the fight against Boko Haram.
- Situation Analysis
The ruling party in the Republic of Congo won legislative elections last month amid violence and contestation.
In July 2017 the Peace and Security Council (PSC) discussed the situation in Guinea-Bissau, renewed the mandate of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) and looked at the security implications of the free movement of goods and people in Africa.
On 11 July the PSC held a meeting on Guinea-Bissau. It supported the efforts of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) to ensure the implementation of the Conakry Agreement signed on 19 October 2016.
At the 29th African Union (AU) summit in Addis Ababa last month, the AU decided to accelerate its efforts to help negotiate a peace deal in Libya. This came as the AU was being sidelined by other international actors such as France. To implement its decision to convene a national dialogue of all role players, the AU has to speedily establish technical and analytical support teams, as well as raise the funds to cope with the rigours of brokering peace in Libya’s complex politics.
Dans ce numéro
- A l’ordre du jour : le 29e sommet de l’UA
Lors du récent sommet de l’Union africaine, quelques pays se sont plaints du processus décisionnel des réformes de l’organisation.
Les dirigeants ont par ailleurs décidé que septembre serait un « mois d’amnistie » pour les individus détenant des armes illégales.
In this issue
On the Agenda: 29th AU summit At the recent African Union (AU) summit in Addis Ababa some countries complained about the way decisions on AU reforms had been made.
Leaders decided, among other measures, that September would be amnesty month for those possessing illegal weapons.