Does the East African Community have what it takes to help bring stability to Burundi?
In early December 2017, a new round of talks led by the East African Community (EAC) was initiated in Arusha, Tanzania, with the aim of reaching an agreement to end the Burundian crisis.
The terror group is turning communities against refugees, and victims into suspects.
Boko Haram has since 2009 proven a highly adaptable foe, routinely changing tactics to suit shifting circumstances. The terror group increasingly focuses on soft targets, including refugees and internally displaced people.
Ce numéro porte sur la réponse du CPS face au terrorisme, et sur les options s'offrant à l'UA dans le dossier burundais.
Dans ce numéro
Le CPS et la menace terroriste : au-delà des réunions
L’impact des nouvelles incertitudes de financement de l’AMISOM sur son fonctionnement
L’UA et le processus de révision constitutionnelle au Burundi
Afrique centrale : vers un avis de tempête ?
Les défis du Comité des experts du CPS
Rapid population growth lies at the root of sub-Saharan Africa’s inability to reduce poverty.
Sub-Saharan Africa continues to experience very rapid population growth and is thus likely to remain poor. Aid should support government efforts to reduce high fertility rates that will, in time, allow citizens to benefit from inclusive economic growth, and reduce poverty. The first part of this report gives an overview of aid trends and characteristics in Africa. It then presents four scenarios on future levels of aid with a time horizon to 2030.
More aid won’t dramatically reduce poverty. What else should donors and African governments do?
03 APR 2018 / BY JAKKIE CILLIERS
There has been a steady decline in the extent to which countries in sub-Saharan Africa are dependent on aid, although aid remains very important for the poorest countries.
Interconnected policies provide the best opportunity for peace and prosperity in the region.
South Sudan and Somalia are the two most under-funded refugee situations in the world.
BY AIMÉE-NOËL MBIYOZO
While many destination countries are restricting their protection of refugees, the global refugee population continues to grow. The most recent Global Trends report from the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) shows that by the end of 2016, 65.6 million people worldwide were displaced by conflict and persecution.
The PSC Report spoke to Institute for Security Studies senior researcher Allan Ngari about the International Criminal Court (ICC), the issue of equality before the law and transitional justice in conflict situations in Africa.
There has been a lot of controversy over the death penalty meted out against a South African military advisor for South Sudan’s opposition, led by Riek Machar. What are your views on this?
Credible elections matter, but the real challenge is the absence of the state in several parts of the country.
26 MAR 2018 / BY BABA DAKONO AND KHADIJA MAÏGA
Four months before Mali’s 29 July presidential election takes place, the country is still mired by governance and security problems. Political, security and operational challenges persist, drawing a lot of national and international attention.
As 10 new members of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) prepare to take up office next month, indications are that the Committee of Experts, the main subsidiary body of the PSC, is finally getting off the ground. The committee, meant to lessen the workload of ambassadors and improve decision-making, has met five times since the beginning of 2018 and held its first retreat in December 2017. The lack of capacity in some embassies in Addis Ababa, however, remains a big challenge.
What are the effects of violent extremism among South Sudanese and Somalian refugees in Ethiopia?
15 MAR 2018 / BY AIMÉE-NOËL MBIYOZO
20 MAR 2018 / BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE
Ethiopia is the second largest refugee-hosting country in Africa. It is also fast becoming the most progressive on the continent in responding to forced displacement. If properly implemented, Ethiopia’s version of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework – which combines development and humanitarian aid – will benefit both refugees and host communities.
Burundi is set to hold a referendum on a constitutional amendment in May 2018. This could enable President Pierre Nkurunziza to stay in power beyond 2020 and weaken the representation of minority groups. The lack of broader consultation on the overall amendment process further threatens the Arusha peace deal that ended the 1993–2005 Burundian civil war.
In this issue
On the Agenda – Focus on 30th summit
The election of 10 new PSC members shows that consultation within regions prevailed over competition between member states.
Rwandan President Paul Kagame is still struggling to convince all member states to agree to AU reforms.
Plans to make Nepad a development agency are pitting the old guard against the reformers.
Amanda Lucey and Liezelle Kumalo
This policy brief explores how the UN can ensure successful transitions and what sustaining peace means in practice.
Legalising migrants can boost economic growth, improve international relations and prevent radicalisation.
Algeria and Morocco have for the past decade been important transit and stopover countries for migrants moving to Europe. Many also stop to seek informal work in Algeria’s $548.3 billion hydrocarbon economy and Morocco’s $257.3 billion diversified economy.
New governments in both countries could reverse their poor track by learning from local projects
Neighbouring Liberia and Sierra Leone are undergoing post-conflict transitions. And in both countries, national elections are ushering in new administrations. In March, elections will be held in Sierra Leone, and in January, George Weah took over as Liberia’s president from Ellen Johnson Sirleaf.
As migration within and from Africa increases, policies managing the movement of people become critical.
14 DEC 2017 / BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE
The African Union (AU), the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) and the United Nations (UN) all seem to agree that it is time for the belligerents in South Sudan to be punished. During a consultative meeting on 27 January 2018 on the sidelines of the 30th AU Summit these three crucial organisations said in a statement that the ‘time has come for sanctions on the spoilers of peace in South Sudan’.