Although unpopular, pressure from Security Council sanctions has led to progress and must now be sustained.
By Meressa K Dessu and Selam Tadesse
Cautious optimism surrounds efforts to end the brutal five-year civil war in South Sudan. Recent progress in the peace process has led to a permanent ceasefire and power-sharing agreements among parties to the conflict, including the two main rivals – President Salva Kiir’s government and Riek Machar’s rebel group.
Can the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region help deliver stability and good governance?
25 Jul 2018 / By Chido Mutangadura and Priyal Singh
The extension of presidential terms through ‘constitutional coups’ in Burundi, Congo-Brazzaville, Rwanda and Uganda has eroded regional stability by fuelling politically motivated violence and unrest. It also undermines the development of a shared and robust democratic culture across the region.
Local and international courts, and aid organisations, are key starting points for dealing with this violence.
Sexual violence by armed groups in the Central African Republic (CAR) is increasingly being used as a weapon of war. Women and girls are typically seen as the primary victims, but the extent of sexual violence against men and boys is equally worrying.
Restrictions aimed at stopping extremism shouldn’t deny the people of the Lake Chad Basin their livelihoods.
By Omar S Mahmood
The ongoing terror threat in Nigeria, Chad, Niger and Cameroon has led the governments of the Lake Chad region to enact numerous security restrictions in affected areas. While these restrictions are meant to improve security for all, some affect civilians negatively – particularly regarding livelihoods.
The first in a two-part study examining current dynamics in violent extremist organisations.
This report is the first in a two-part study examining current dynamics with regards to violent extremist organisations (VEOs) operating in the Lake Chad region (Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Niger). This report examines factionalism within the Boko Haram movement, while the second report profiles current responses and challenges.
About the authors
The second in a two-part study examining current dynamics in violent extremist organisations.
06 JUL 2018 / BY OMAR S MAHMOOD AND NDUBUISI CHRISTIAN ANI
This report is the second in a two-part study examining current dynamics with regards to violent extremist organisations (VEOs) operating in the Lake Chad region (Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Niger). The first report examined factionalism within the Boko Haram movement, while this second report profiles current responses and challenges.
The Lake Chad region is being terrorised by two groups, one of which poses a serious long-term threat.
BY OMAR S MAHMOOD
Boko Haram’s split in 2016 saw the emergence of two distinct jihadist movements, with divergent operating methods, in the Lake Chad region. Boko Haram is no longer a single entity and the separation carries wider ramifications, as one of the groups appears to be positioning itself as a long-term threat in a way that the other is not.
Refugees tend to be more accommodating of ethnic differences, which makes them good agents for peacebuilding
BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE AND SELAM TADESSE
Today, 9 July, marks the seventh anniversary of South Sudan’s independence, more than four years of which have been marred by conflict. Disagreement between President Salva Kiir Mayardit (of the Dinka ethnic group) and his rival, former vice president Riek Machar (who is Nuer), led to the outbreak of the conflict in 2013.
(arts. 2, 6, 7 and 14) for the 123rd Session of the Human Rights Committee, 2 July – 27 July 2018
Liberia: 76 Groups Seek Justice for War Crimes
Submission to UN Human Rights Committee Focuses on Accountability
As the number of undocumented migrants in Algeria increases, a rights-based approach to migration becomes imperative.
By Jihane Ben Yahia
A clear division of labour, mutual trust and increased support are needed to strengthen the alliance.
BY GUSTAVO DE CARVALHO
‘I have addressed this council several times over the past year on peacekeeping reform. It is now time to take action together,’ said United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres on 28 March. The statement launched the Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) initiative, part of a new attempt aimed at mobilising political action around the UN peacekeeping reform process.
EU funding remains vital, but self-reliance is ultimately needed for Africa’s long-term peace and security.
BY NDUBUISI CHRISTIAN ANI
The Peace and Security Council (PSC) was briefed by the Head of the Reform Implementation Unit of the African Union (AU) in May 2018 about the options to reform the body and increase its effectiveness. This could include strengthening its working methods and its role in managing crises. However, the AU should also consider updating the PSC Protocol.
Are new talks between Kiir and Machar a sign that regional and global pressure is paying off?
22 JUN 2018 / BY MERESSA K DESSU
Nearly two years since their last meeting, rival leaders President Salva Kiir and Dr Riek Machar met face to face on 20 June in Addis Ababa to start a new round of talks to end South Sudan’s prolonged civil war. Will they use this new opportunity to genuinely look at peace dividends?
To counter outside interference, Somalia must focus on building unity and strengthening its internal structures.
BY OMAR S MAHMOOD
The involvement of Middle East actors in Somalia, namely the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Qatar and Turkey, has reached fever pitch recently, underscored both by external and internal dynamics.
Population growth and low agricultural productivity are deepening Kenya’s dependence on food imports.
18 JUN 2018 / BY LILY WELBORN
In Kenya, food consumption is outpacing food production. According to a new Institute for Security Studies report, annual agricultural production will need to increase by an estimated 75% from 2015 levels in order to meet consumption in 2030.
SADC and Maputo should be very concerned about the spike in terrorist-type violence.
BY PETER FABRICIUS
A sudden upsurge in brutal violence in northern Mozambique, including the beheadings of women and children, has sounded alarms that a violent jihadist movement like Boko Haram or al-Shabaab could be evolving. Since October last year, over 50 people have been killed in about 20 attacks in Cabo Delgado province on the Tanzania border.
Women and girls face bigger barriers to education in sub-Saharan Africa than in other regions.
Seventy years ago, the world agreed on the importance, and right of all people, to education. Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948, states that ‘[e]veryone has the right to education’, and that elementary education shall be compulsory and free.
The parties to the conflict in South Sudan again failed to reach an agreement at the recently concluded High-Level Revitalization Forum in Addis Ababa. They rejected the Intergovernmental Authority on Development’s (IGAD) proposal aimed at reconciling the positions of the warring factions. IGAD now wants to organise a face-to-face meeting between President Salva Kirr and his opponent Riek Machar before the African Union (AU) summit in Nouakchott in June/July 2018.