Even if key states withhold their support, the new deal will be a step forward for Africa.
06 DEC 2018 / BY TSION TADESSE ABEBE
The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) is a comprehensive document that covers different aspects of migration and provides a strong basis for global migration governance.
Martin Fayulu, one of the main opposition candidates in the upcoming Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) elections, arrived back in Kinshasa this week for the first time since the seven key opposition leaders met in Geneva two weeks ago to elect a unity candidate.
Between August and October this year, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) held meetings on Libya, Lesotho, Guinea-Bissau, South Sudan, Burundi, the Central African Republic (CAR), Darfur and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). Very few new initiatives, however, were launched. In some cases, such as Burundi, the PSC again called for action by the region – in this instance, the East African Community (EAC) – and in others, such as the CAR, it expressed support for the African Union (AU) initiative in the country.
BY BOUBACAR SANGARÉ
Restoring state authority isn’t enough to stabilise the region – local grievances and rights must be attended to.
On 15 October, 11 civilians were killed by assailants on a motorcycle in Telly in Central Mali’s Mopti region. This attack occurred barely two days after Prime Minister Soumeylou Boubèye Maïga visited the district to affirm the return of the state to this region.
Specific steps are needed for the African Union’s new Youth for Peace Africa Programme to work.
BY MUNEINAZVO KUJEKE
Preventing the spillover of violent extremism from the Sahel is better than having to counter it later.
By Michaël Matongbada,
A rising number of attacks by gunmen this year have shaken the eastern part of Burkina Faso, increasing insecurity in the area. Although no group has claimed responsibility, the attackers are believed to be linked to violent extremist groups in the Sahel.
Clarifying the roles of the African Union (AU) and subregional organisations is a central element of the AU reforms. It is key in terms of managing expectations about what the AU can or cannot do, as well as coordinating Africa’s responses to avoid duplication of efforts. But this issue is also divisive, and it is unclear whether AU member states will reach a concrete decision on a division of labour at the upcoming extraordinary summit on reforms in Addis Ababa on 17 November.
To withstand the inevitable natural disasters climate change will bring, better disaster risk management must start now.
Human activity has caused the temperature of the Earth and its atmosphere to rise by about 1°C above pre-industrial levels, triggering fundamental changes to the planet’s physical and social landscapes. On 8 October an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change warned that temperatures were rising faster than expected, and that 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels could occur as early as 2030.
The African Union (AU) has started setting up a Mediation Support Unit (MSU) at its headquarters in Addis Ababa. This is to support the various efforts across Africa to make peace. Technical obstacles, such as where the unit should be based, as well as problematic coordination between the various AU departments, are, however, slowing down its implementation.
Africa needs inclusive health and educational systems that eliminate the stigma around mental illness.
By Stellah Kwasi
The negative impact of armed conflict on the mental health of combatants is well documented. But it wasn’t until about two decades ago that literature on the effect of conflict on civilians began emerging.
Elections on 7 October could extend the status quo in a country that desperately needs stability.
By Mohamed M Diatta
Cameroonians will be voting for a new president this Sunday 7 October. The election comes at a critical time for the central African nation which until quite recently was a stable country in a turbulent region.
This study of 133 projects shows how policy is being translated into practice and the need for evidence-based interventions.
Efforts aimed at preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE) have emerged onto the global stage with unprecedented speed and attracted substantial financial investment. This is unsurprising – the idea that action can be taken to eliminate the potential for devastating violence before it is perpetrated brings great hope and inspiration.
The obstacles preventing the deployment of the African Standby Force (ASF) is on the agenda of the Peace and Security Council (PSC) for October 2018. This is after an earlier meeting, planned for 19 September, was postponed. Indications are that an overhaul of the ASF concept will include some elements of the now almost defunct African Capacity for Immediate Response to Crises (ACIRC), notably its flexibility.
The AU has helped reduced coups, but steers clear of other tactics used to subvert democracy.
BY NDUBUISI CHRISTIAN ANI
Most African countries now hold regular elections, albeit often flawed and contested. Fewer coups on the continent are largely the result of the African Union’s (AU) rejection of unlawful take-overs. And yet democracy continues to be subverted in other ways, like constitutional coups.
Amanda Lucey and Liezelle Kumalo
Liberia and South Sudan represent important case studies for what sustaining peace means in practice. They provide an opportunity to interrogate how the United Nations (UN) can ensure greater inclusivity in activities carried out across the sustaining peace spectrum, including mediation, security sector reform and institution building. With the current UN focus on sustaining peace, this report provides practical recommendations for more inclusive processes.
In this issue:
Is the African Charter on democracy strong enough?
The AU’s African initiative vs. Russian/Sudanese mediation in the CAR
Looting could make South Sudan’s peace efforts impossible
Political infighting endangers SADC’s hard work in Lesotho
Discussions around the African Standby Force gain momentum
Forecasting for peace
Modelling the risk of political instability can identify opportunities for investing in development and peace.
By Julia Bello-Schünemann and Jonathan D Moyer
Sub-Saharan Africa has made important peace and security gains over the past two decades. Large-scale political violence has declined and fewer people are dying in wars. But other forms of political violence have increased, and the region’s future will still be turbulent.
Despite the latest agreements, foreign interests and a continued elite wealth race are still a threat.
By Duncan E Omondi Gumba and Akol Miyen Kuol
South Sudan’s government, opposition and rebel groups have signed an agreement that lays the foundation for a transition government. But many doubt that the current peace will hold.
From mediation to institution building, peace processes must reflect the needs of all sectors of society.
By Lizelle Kumalo
Peace is not just about restoring stability after violence. It is also about investing in the structures and institutions that will ensure peaceful, inclusive and just societies, as new ISS research shows.
In this issue:
How the latest AU decision on Western Sahara could affect other crises
The African Union and the question of LGBTI-rights
The AU will have to do more to convince SADC
Helping those affected by Boko Haram to get back on their feet
Interview with Nicholas Haysom, UN Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan