Briefing papers | October 2018 | Katie Peters and Laura E.R. Peters
Tackling the problems of poverty, vulnerability and exclusion that persist in parts of the world that continue to be affected by violence or political insecurity is difficult for several reasons. For one, because of the complexity of the prevailing social, economic and political systems, solutions to chronic problems are far from obvious.
One response to this aspect of the challenge is adaptive programme design and management.
As part of HelpAge International’s project on advancing the rights and protection of conflict-affected older South Sudanese migrants in Ethiopia, Uganda and South Sudan, HelpAge commissioned the Humanitarian Policy Group (HPG) to conduct a study on older South Sudanese displaced by conflict, both within South Sudan and across the border in Uganda and Ethiopia.
Whilst older people have special needs, they also have unique skills, experiences and roles within their families, communities and societies. These roles continue to a certain extent during droughts, though household burdens may increase as younger adults have migrated or are grazing livestock further away.
Disasters have a disproportionate impact on people with disabilities, who are at higher risk of death, injury and loss of property. Although the rights and needs of people with disabilities in disasters are increasingly being addressed through policies, standards and guidelines, much more needs to be done to remove the barriers to their inclusion in disaster risk reduction (DRR) and response.
This report explores the links between disasters and conflict in Asia, with a view to supporting accelerated implementation of the Asia Regional Plan, Target E and the Sendai Framework.
Based on first-hand interviews with more than 160 Taliban fighters and officials, as well as civilians, this paper examines how the Taliban govern the lives of Afghans living under their rule. Taliban governance is more coherent than ever before; high-level commissions govern sectors such as finance, health, education, justice and taxation, with clear chains of command and policies from the leadership based in Pakistan down to villages in Afghanistan.
Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Martina Ulrichs and Rebecca Holmes
• Future climate projections for Pakistan show an increase in temperature throughout the country and a decrease in rainfall in the monsoon belt, which is mainly arid and semi-arid.
These changes will directly affect agricultural productivity and drive increasing numbers of people out of rural semi-arid areas, unless alternative economic opportunities are provided in villages.
Guy Jobbins, Steve Commins and Bryn Welham
This briefing note looks at what needs to be done to make water sector interventions appropriate for the current and future needs of countries in the Middle East and North Africa that are in protracted crises or conflicts.
Water sector interventions in protracted crises and reconstruction need updated guidance that addresses the needs of the Middle East and North Africa’s urban, middle-income, capable and arid environments.
Rebecca Nadin and Erin Roberts
Emily Wilkinson, Lena Weingartner, Richard Choularton, Meghan Bailey, Martin Todd, Dominic Kniveton and Courtenay Cabot Venton
Veronique Barbelet, Jessica Hagen-Zanker and Dina Mansour-Ille
• In February 2016, a new approach to dealing with protracted displacement was signed: the Jordan Compact. In return for billions of dollars in grants and loans and preferential trade agreements with the European Union (EU), Jordan committed to improving access to education and legal employment for its Syrian refugees.
This report explores the challenges associated with acquiring and using scientific evidence during a disaster response, focusing on the 2015 Gorkha earthquakes in Nepal.
It examines the extent to which scientific information was used during the diaster response and sets out the key actors involved in the response effort, their information needs and how these were communicated to scientists and other knowledge providers. The paper also explores how scientific information was produced and the methods by which it was shared.
• Disasters represent both a crisis from which to learn and an opportunity to do things better.
Understanding the historical dimensions of disaster risk in the Caribbean, as well as future threats to the region, can help in identifying what needs to change.
• Building back better in Caribbean islands requires building resilience to multiple hazards. It also means integration across infrastructure, housing, economic and social development and environmental sectors, to strengthen resilience in all.
Dorothea Hilhorst Professor of Humanitarian Aid and Reconstruction, International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands, Holly Porter Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow, Institute of Development Policy (University of Antwerp) and Conflict Research Group (Ghent University), and Research Fellow, Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa, London School of Economics and Political Science,
United Kingdom, and Rachel Gordon Independent research consultant, former SLRC researcher, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, United States
This report assesses the potential for strengthening ‘shock-sensitive’ social protection in Malawi. Bringing together recent experiences and knowledge, it analyses the ways in which existing social protection system components can more effectively prepare for and address the impacts of events that result in humanitarian emergency response. It provides clear options and recommendations for a more shock-sensitive social protection approach in Malawi.
The report focuses on the following social protection system components:
This Resilience Scan summarises writing and debates in the field of resilience during the third quarter of 2017. It comprises an 'expert view' on coastal resilience, an analysis of Twitter discussions from the past six months, and summaries of high-impact grey literature and academic journal articles.
Achieving universal health coverage (UHC) is critical to ensuring sustainable and resilient lives for all, and therefore to meeting the goals set out under the Sustainable Development Agenda. But health and wellbeing are also subject to other risk drivers, such as climate change and disasters, which disrupt the health and financial benefits that UHC can offer.
This report explores: