Emily Wilkinson, Lena Weingartner, Richard Choularton, Meghan Bailey, Martin Todd, Dominic Kniveton and Courtenay Cabot Venton
Veronique Barbelet, Jessica Hagen-Zanker and Dina Mansour-Ille
• In February 2016, a new approach to dealing with protracted displacement was signed: the Jordan Compact. In return for billions of dollars in grants and loans and preferential trade agreements with the European Union (EU), Jordan committed to improving access to education and legal employment for its Syrian refugees.
This report explores the challenges associated with acquiring and using scientific evidence during a disaster response, focusing on the 2015 Gorkha earthquakes in Nepal.
It examines the extent to which scientific information was used during the diaster response and sets out the key actors involved in the response effort, their information needs and how these were communicated to scientists and other knowledge providers. The paper also explores how scientific information was produced and the methods by which it was shared.
• Disasters represent both a crisis from which to learn and an opportunity to do things better.
Understanding the historical dimensions of disaster risk in the Caribbean, as well as future threats to the region, can help in identifying what needs to change.
• Building back better in Caribbean islands requires building resilience to multiple hazards. It also means integration across infrastructure, housing, economic and social development and environmental sectors, to strengthen resilience in all.
Dorothea Hilhorst Professor of Humanitarian Aid and Reconstruction, International Institute of Social Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands, Holly Porter Marie Skłodowska-Curie Fellow, Institute of Development Policy (University of Antwerp) and Conflict Research Group (Ghent University), and Research Fellow, Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa, London School of Economics and Political Science,
United Kingdom, and Rachel Gordon Independent research consultant, former SLRC researcher, Feinstein International Center, Tufts University, United States
This report assesses the potential for strengthening ‘shock-sensitive’ social protection in Malawi. Bringing together recent experiences and knowledge, it analyses the ways in which existing social protection system components can more effectively prepare for and address the impacts of events that result in humanitarian emergency response. It provides clear options and recommendations for a more shock-sensitive social protection approach in Malawi.
The report focuses on the following social protection system components:
This Resilience Scan summarises writing and debates in the field of resilience during the third quarter of 2017. It comprises an 'expert view' on coastal resilience, an analysis of Twitter discussions from the past six months, and summaries of high-impact grey literature and academic journal articles.
Achieving universal health coverage (UHC) is critical to ensuring sustainable and resilient lives for all, and therefore to meeting the goals set out under the Sustainable Development Agenda. But health and wellbeing are also subject to other risk drivers, such as climate change and disasters, which disrupt the health and financial benefits that UHC can offer.
This report explores:
In the Middle East, GAGE is undertaking participatory research with adolescents, their caregivers, service providers and other relevant actors. This is to learn more about the availability, relevance, effects and quality of services for adolescents (and in particular, adolescent girls) in conflict-affected areas. Evidence from the participatory work stream will contribute to policy and programming dialogues on progress towards the achievement of gender- and adolescent-relevant SDG targets.
This working paper focuses on geoengineering as a potentially significant climate and development policy issue for developing countries. It raises questions that developing country policy-makers, who may not yet be engaged with climate geoengineering, may soon need to consider. In view of current trends, this brief also suggests areas for future policy research that would be required to ensure inclusive governance of climate geoengineering research and potential interventions.
Working and discussion papers | October 2017 | John Twigg, Emma Lovell, Holly Schofield, Luisa Miranda Morel, Bill Flinn, Susanne Sargeant, Andrew Finlayson, Tom Dijkstra, Victoria Stephenson, Alejandra Albuerne, Tiziana Rossetto and Dina D’Ayala
Research reports and studies | November 2017 | Sarah Opitz Stapleton, Rebecca Nadin, Charlene Watson and Jan Kellett
Authors: John Twigg, Emma Lovell, Holly Schofield, Luisa Miranda Morel, Bill Flinn, Susanne Sargeant, Andrew Finlayson, Tom Dijkstra, Victoria Stephenson, Alejandra Albuerne, Tiziana Rossetto and Dina D’Ayala
This report examines three examples of crisis modifiers, a set of innovative risk financing options, in the Sahel and examines their use as a potential solution for a more flexible aid system. This could address the gap created by the traditional division between humanitarian aid and long-term development, in which pre-planned development programmes do not have the flexibility to quickly reallocate funding to address spikes in need, and humanitarian organisations are largely confined to funding instruments that prevent longer-term engagement in vulnerability reduction.
This Resilience Scan summarises writing and debates in the field of resilience during the second quarter of 2017. It comprises an 'expert view' on some of the emerging issues for transboundary adaptation, an analysis of blogs from the past six months, and summaries of high-impact grey literature and academic journal articles. The final chapter synthesises the insights from literature in terms of five characteristics of resilience: awareness, diversity, self-regulation, integration and adaptiveness.
This report looks at the political and institutional barriers – both real and perceived – to adapting disaster risk reduction (DRR) policy, practice and overseas development assistance to fragile or conflict-affected contexts.
The need to identify and support the skills and capacities of local people and organisations in disaster response and recovery is increasingly acknowledged. Yet their role has not been widely acknowledged in formal disaster and humanitarian response, although recent disasters such as the earthquake in Port-au-Prince, Haiti in 2010 have demonstrated the importance of informal aid such as remittances from family members in other countries.