This report examines the establishment of the first regional justice and security hub near Gbarnga, Liberia. By building up law enforcement and justice capacities in the outlying regions, the hub represents a joint effort by the Government of Liberia and the UN Peacebuilding Fund to extend Liberian state authority.
On 18 March a Challenges Forum Research Seminar took place in Oslo, hosted by the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI) in association with the UN Police Division. In three separate sessions it examined the evolution of UN police peacekeeping; transnational organized crime and strategic perspectives on police capacity-building.
Two decades after the collapse of the Somali Republic, the country’s regions still suffer chronic political uncertainty, violence and high levels of displacement. Since 2006, protracted displacements that began in the 1990s have been overlaid by new crises associated with severe drought, political violence and governance failures. The current situation, which involves both internally displaced people (IDPs) and refugees, is widely acknowledged as among the worst in the world, both in terms of the number of people affected and the extent of their humanitarian and protection needs.
Researchers: Anna Lindley Authors: Dr Anna Lindley (SOAS) and Anita Haslie (NUPI) Publication date: August 2011
Authors: Dr Megan Bradley (St Paul University)
Working Paper Series No. 77
Authors: Dr Dawn Chatty and Dr Nisrine Mansour (RSC)
Working Paper Series No. 78
The displaced from Iraq now constitute one of the largest refugee populations worldwide. Of the officially estimated 4.5 million displaced Iraqis, about 1.7million are refugees (UNHCR 2010c) and 2.8 million (IDMC 2009, 2010) are internally displaced within their own country.
The role of civilians in UN peacekeeping and peacebuilding missions has shifted from a peripheral support role to the core of contemporary peacekeeping and peacebuilding missions, and the number of civilians have steadily increased over the years to approximately 22,000 in 2010. Civilians now constitute 20% of UN peacekeepers, and approximately 60% of the top twenty civilian contributing countries are from the Global South.
Whilst the UN finds it difficult to identify candidates in certain specialised categories, in general it has an oversupply of candidates.
This literature review offers a general overview of policy-related and theoretical innovations in disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) over the past decade. Drawing on an extensive review of academic and prescriptive contributions, it teases out key trends in the character and shape of DDR activities. If detects a shift from minimalist (security-first) interventions preoccupied with military and police priorities to maximalist (development-oriented) activities in the present era.
The Comprehensive- or Integrated Approach will be one of the main guiding principles for future United Nations and African Union peace and stability operations. It is thus important that the various actors that will participate in such operations, or that will work alongside them, understand these approaches. This paper introduces the Comprehensive- and Integrated Approaches, and explores the training implications of these approaches for African Union, European Union and United Nations personnel, the humanitarian community as well as those communities hosting such missions.
Although the Protection of Civilians (PoC) today is largely embedded in the UN system as a whole, there are a number of issues still critical to address at the institutional level for the PoC to inform a shared culture of protection effectively.
Policy Brief 4 2009
Jon Harald Sand Lie and Benjamin de Carvalho
Ever since the concept of the Protection of Civilians (PoC) was coined by then UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan in an attempt to place civilians in armed conflict at the core of UN peacekeeping, there have been diverging interpretations of the meaning of the concept and its intended application. Simply put, PoC has meant different things in theory at UN headquarters and practice in the field.
NUPI Working Paper 761
Niels Nagelhus Schia and Benjamin de Carvalho
The international response to SGBV in Liberia - in spite of having been touted as one of the great success stories in implementing UNSC resolution 1325 by the UN and the Liberian government - has so far at best been misguided.
The issue of SGBV tends to be fragmented and the response to it addresses specific issues which often fit the narrow agendas if international donors rather than taking into account the needs of the institutions of the rule of law as a whole.
This report focuses on two United Nations Security Council Resolutions: S/RES/1325 (2000) on women, peace and security, and S/RES/1820 (2008) on sexual violence in war and conflict. Sexual violence has been a part of the warfare in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) for more than a decade. Much of the focus of the international community has therefore been on measures to address this issue.
The policies of the UN, the World Bank, OECD-DAC and most bilateral donors have converged around a liberal peacebuilding model, where rule of law, market economy and democracy are seen as central to build a lasting peace. There are also procedural principles that are included in this consensus that stipulates how to proceed to build liberal democracies. The first principle is that external actors need to respect and secure local ownership.