Almost one year after the kidnapping of 276 girls by Boko Haram, eleven civil society leaders from Nigeria and the region today appealed to the Nigerian government and the United Nations (UN) Security Council to ensure their fight against Boko Haram upholds the human rights standards that the extremists are flouting.
The political history of Guinea Bissau has been characterized by multiple coups d’état and assassinations of some presidents since independence in 1974: three presidents were overthrown, one assassinated and one died due to illness in office. Drug trafficking spanning over a decade has further exacerbated the instability of the country and also accounts for the power struggles and deterioration of relations between the army and political elites.
The conflict in the Niger Delta region pre-date the independence period with the agitation for the creation of Calabar, Ogoja, and Rivers States (CORs).
Subsequently, the discovery of oil in Rivers in 1957 became the centre of attraction for both national and international economic development.
Nigeria, Africa's most populous country, has been enmeshed in various levels of violent conflicts since the advent of its new democratic dispensation in 1999. Nigeria's internal security challenges have become more complex. While some of the old security threats have remained or even assumed worrisome dimensions, new ones have emerged.
The West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP), held its 12th General Assembly (GA) on March 18- 20 at Menvic Grand Hotel, Accra - Ghana with delegates drawn from WANEP Regional and National Boards, WANEP regional and national staff. The GA was also attended by delegates from Governments, Development Partners including the UN System and members of the Diplomatic Corps, with the keynote address delivered by the Vice President, ECOWAS Commission; Dr.
CONFLICTS AND INSECURITY: THREAT TO ECOWAS INTEGRATION AGENDA
On the occasion of the celebration of the International day of Peace, 21st September 2012; in light of the sustenance of the African Union Make Peace Happen Campaign (MPHC) which was launched in 2010 as well as the marking of 2012 as the AU decade of operation; in continued performance of our responsibility as the Civil Society Partner to the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in the operationalization of the ECOWAS Early Warming Mechanism and in recognition of our vital role as a member of the Peace and Security Cluster of the AU ECOSOCC and the West Africa Initiator and …
The complex nature of the Malian political impasse exacerbated by the intricacy of insurgency in the north has received global attention with divergent explanations and dimensions to the conflict. It is however generally agreed that it has become a cause of grave human insecurity all over the country and beyond as a threat to stability in West Africa since the Captain Amadou Haya Sanogo-led military coup of March 22, 2012.
African leaders must stand up and provide aid to make this the last ever famine
New campaign says African government response has been slow and small
African governments must provide at least US$50 million in emergency funds for the worsening food crisis in the Horn of Africa, says a new report by the “Africans Act 4 Africa” campaign, signed by 12 Pan African networks. The response from African leaders has so far been much too little and much too late, the report said, and called for better African leadership on the crisis.
The September 28, 2009 massacres of over 150 Guineans and maiming of others; the brutal raping of women and reported hiding of corpses of the victims, have dashed all hopes of Guineans and pundits who still afforded to give the military junta a chance.
Following the death of Guinea's ailing President General Lansana Conté, history repeated itself twenty four years after as the military have staged yet another coup. General Lansana Conté's death was formally announced by the President of the National Assembly, El-Hadj Aboubacar Somparé, who called on the Supreme Court to formally declare a power vacuum and formalize a constitutional transition, and also tasked the military to man the country's borders. Barely six hours after, the army led by Captain Moussa Dadis Camara swiftly staged a bloodless putsch.
OUAGADOUGOU PEACE ACCORD: BREAKTHROUGH FOR PEACE AT LAST?
In recognition of the role and achievements of the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP) in Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding in Africa, particularly in West Africa, the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations at its substantive session of 2006 granted WANEP Special Consultative Status to the UN. WANEP is therefore mandated to designate official representatives to the United Nations in New York, Geneva and Vienna to further its advocacy and outreach strategies for peace and human security.
Guinea is just emerging from a major crisis that claimed 139 lives (including two soldiers) and 1756 wounded and hospitalized between January and February 2007(1). For once, the country drifted towards the precipice of complete anarchy as the government refused to yield to popular demands in what was seen as a peoples' revolt. The declaration of a twelve day martial law with military authorization to shoot on sight and the ruthlessness of the measures attracted a lot of criticism and condemnation from both within and without.
On November 1, 2006, United Nations' Security Council adopted Resolution 1721 extending the mandate of President Laurent Gbagbo and Prime Minister Charles Konan Banny for another one year. Barely six weeks after the adoption of Resolution 1721, uncertainty, political tension and bickering, have again beset the peace train.
"We will leave no stone unturned to ensure that we strengthen our democracy. We will do things that will gladden the hearts of our friends, and show that we take our responsibilities and obligations in Africa and the world seriously". This assurance-cum- pledge was made by President Olusegun Obasanjo in the State House, Aso Rock, Abuja while receiving a delegation of the European Parliament led by its President Joseph Borrell-Foutelles.
POST YAMOUSSOUKRO 'BIG 5' ASSESSMENT: OPPORTUNITIES & EMERGING HURDLES
Though the Ivorian peace process has come a long way, it remains delicate and fragile. The flagged issues of ivorité, marginalization, legitimacy, and xenophobia have gradually been overshadowed by two key contentions, namely: disarmament of irregular forces and elections. Meeting in Pretoria (1), South Africa, April 3-6, 2005, the protagonists of the Ivorian crisis resolved, albeit under pressure, to sink their
differences and move the peace process forward.