This alert has been prepared as a complement to the indicative humanitarian needs and requirements for Ethiopia presented in the 2018 Global Humanitarian Overview.
In advance of the finalization of the meher assessment results, it is anticipated that between 5 and 7 million people will be targeted with relief assistance, requiring around $895 million over the course of 2018.
The priorities for immediate financing highlighted in this document are geared towards achieving two purposes:
"Needs have gone through the roof for the whole of the humanitarian system, and donors really can't keep up with these increased needs."
By Nita Bhalla
NAIROBI, Jan 17 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Cuts in food rations for 1.5 million refugees in east Africa, due to funding shortages, could increase school dropouts, crime and malnutrition, a United Nations official said on Wednesday.
How can states that contribute troops, police, and civilians to peacekeeping operations learn from one another about training for such deployments? Although TCCs/PCCs have historically operated in a relatively isolated fashion, new networks of exchange are helping to drive innovation, including through trans-regional South-South cooperation.
Ethiopia is host to the second largest refugee population in Africa, sheltering 892,555 registered refugees and asylum seekers as of 31 December 2017.
Since January 2017, 109,851 refugees arrived in Ethiopia, mainly from South Sudan (over 75,400), Eritrea (over 25,200) and Somalia (almost 6,700).
Ethiopia formally launched the CRRF, paving the way for the implementation of the nine pledges it made at the Leaders’ Summit on Refugees in September 2016 in New York.
In order to support management of the humanitarian response in Ethiopia, sectors have identified a set of response and contextual indicators. The monthly data provided against those indicators by the sectors has been visualized in the following infographics. These visuals will help understand how the drought response is progressing and identify where issues are developing so that proactive measures can be taken.
• On 4 January 2018, the Government of Ethiopia announced an allocation of ETB 500 million ($18.6 million) to rehabilitate over 500,000 people displaced by the border conflicts between Oromia and Ethiopian Somali regional states.
Affected pop. 8.5 m
MAM 3.6 m
Ethiopia allocates more than US$18 million to rehabilitate internally displaced people
Since the beginning of the year 2018, due to heavy fighting and food insecurity and thanks to easier access since the end of the rainy season, there is a surge in refugees from South Sudan arriving in Gambela region. 2 300 individuals have been registered in Pamdong reception center in only three days.
Services in the reception center still need to be substantially scaled up to meet the needs of the new arrivals, mainly women and children.
Due to the increasing tensions and clashes in border areas between Oromia and Somali region, and especially since the flare up of violence in September 2017, 900 000 people have been internally displaced. Some of them have been expulsed by the regional authorities. There are around 200 formal and informal sites with conflict IDPs in the two regions.
The highly political nature of the conflict and overall context in Ethiopia create substantial challenges for humanitarian actors to assess the needs and provide assistance while respecting humanitarian principles.
Due to the lingering effects of the 2015-2016 El Niño-induced drought and multiple consecutive droughts, an estimated 8.5 million people in Ethiopia require emergency food assistance, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). An additional 4 million chronically food-insecure people, who are supported by the Government of Ethiopia-led Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP), also require humanitarian assistance.
Ethiopia through the Administration for Refugee and Returnees Affairs (ARRA) is working to improve the provision of education to refugees sheltering in camps in the country.
Through the activities carried out so far gross enrolment rate in primary education for refugees has reached 70.5 percent in 2017, according to ARRA.
Currently, some 177,745 refugees are enrolled in primary, secondary, pre-school, and alternative education in refugee camps in various parts of the country.
• Relief actors require more than $400 million to maintain response activities through July, the GoE and UN report
• Conflict displaces an estimated 857,000 people in Oromiya and Somali
• FEWS NET warns of deteriorating food security in Somali
Total people in need: 7.4 million
Total children (<18) in need: 3.5 million
Total people to be reached: 3.1 million
Total children to be reached: 1.5 million
Important Steps, But More Rights Reforms Needed
Senior Researcher, Horn of Africa
Today, Ethiopia’s ruling coalition announced it would release political prisoners and close the infamous Maekelawi detention center in the capital, Addis Ababa. While the government did not say how and when this would occur, doing so would be an important step toward ending longstanding political repression and human rights abuse in the country.
Addis Ababa, December 29/2017 - UNICEF is mobilizing the international community to channel resources for emergency responses in Ethiopia for the New Year, National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC) disclosed.
In an exclusive interview with ENA, Senior Nutrition Expert Mekonnen Balcha said "UNICEF has been coordinating international partners to support emergency response in the coming New Year.”
Save the Children, Action against Hunger and World Vision, among others, are the major partners working with UNICEF.
The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.
Agriculture, is still the largest source of employment for young Ethiopians and, in rural areas, the proportion of children not completing primary school is 84 percent.
Grants to woredas (districts) support salaries for the people providing the services most crucial to development—teachers, health staff, and agricultural extension workers
Summary of the op:
Through this operation update the Ethiopia Red Cross Society requests 3 months’ timeframe extension of the operation to allow the NS to revise the operation i.e. areas of intervention, downward revision of the operational budget as well as rationalize the regions targeted by the revision. The revision is informed by the results of the meher assessment by government, joint movement secondary data review, IFRC Donor Advisory Group (DAG) recommendations following the field visit as well as lessons learnt workshop recommendations.
Addis Ababa December 26/2017 More than 1.3 million students are going to benefit from the national school feeding program during the first half year of 2018, the Ministry of Education disclosed.
The Minister Dr. Tilaye Gete said the government has allocated over 289.4 million Birr for the program that aimed to help students stay in schools and reduce the burden of parents.
The Minister said that students who are displaced from their villages due to the drought and the recent clashes will get special attention.