On 12 November 2017 at 21:18 local time (18:18 UTC) northeast Iraq experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale, according to United States Geological Survey (USGS). The epicenter of this earthquake is located 32kms from the city of Halabja. According to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS), approximately 1,840,000 people live with within 100km of the epicenter of this earthquake in both Iraq and Iran.
On 12 November 2017 at 21:18 local time (18:18 UTC) northwest Iraq experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of approximately 7.2 – 7.5, according to European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC). The epicenter of this earthquake is located 32kms from the city of Halabja. According to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS), approximately 1,840,000 people live with within 100km of the epicenter of this earthquake in both Iraq and Iran.
At 21:18 local time (18:18 UTC) northwest Iraq/northern Iran experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of approximately 7.2 – 7.5, according to European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC). The epicenter of this earthquake is located 32kms from the city of Halabja. The earthquake was felt across Iraq, including in the cities of Baghdad, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, Kirkuk and Basra.
Expected humanitarian impact:
• The Government declares an end to the conflict in Marawi as humanitarian needs continue and planning for return begins.
• ASEAN humanitarian partners and government agencies convene for a workshop to develop a regional contingency plan for a 7.2 magnitude earthquake in Manila.
• The International Committee of the Red Cross and the Office of the Presidential Adviser on the Peace Process, together with partners supported an ASEAN symposium on humanitarian response.
As the conflict continues in Marawi, authorities and humanitarian actors find ways to sustain support to those displaced.
The delivery of activities funded by the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) reaches its midpoint and recipient agencies share learnings, challenges and next steps.
The Humanitarian Country Team's emergency response clusters hold a workshop to discuss key responsibilities and solutions for a mediumscale typhoon emergency.
At least 120 people were killed by a 7.1 magnitude earthquake in Mexico on 19 September. The earthquake occurred in central Mexico and it affected five states. National civil protection authorities are evaluating the necessity of an international request for assistance. Two million people in Mexico City, which was one of the hardest hit areas, are without power. At least 29 buildings in the city have collapsed, according to initial reports.
As the Government begins to plan for recovery and rehabilitation, humanitarian needs of those displaced by the Marawi conflict continue.
The needs of Marawi IDPs with disabilities have been overlooked, especially in evacuation centres, which lack accessibility features, and the availability of specialized health services and rehabilitation is scarce.
UN organizations access emergency response funding to assist in the health and WASH concerns of Marawi IDPs.
Nearly 360,000 remain displaced by the Marawi conflict as government shifts from response to rehabilitation and recovery.
Displaced communities in Marawi convey their need for more information on their return and to be included in plans for recovery.
The Philippines continues to increase its capacity in urban search and rescue and to have a team classified under international standards.
At 17:29 (GMT-5) an earthquake was registered at 6.3M on the Richter Scale with the depth of 9km along the Jama coastline in the Manabí Province. Approximately 25,000 people reside the canton, 90 per cent of the population live in poverty due to the lack of basic needs.
The Naval Oceanic Institute of Ecuador has indicated that the earthquake has not generated conditions that could trigger a tsunami along the coastline.
In this issue
Marawi humanitarian crisis P.1
Sabah deportees in Tawi-Tawi P.2
Reproductive health in emergencies P.4
Philippines-US Disaster response simulation P.6
• Conflict in Marawi City continues, with over 100,000 displaced as they flee to nearby provinces. Martial law has been declared in Mindanao.
• Sabah deportees repatriated to the Mindanao island provinces of Tawi-Tawi, Basilan and Sulu find education and livelihood options are limited.
• Displacement in the Mindanao island provinces of Sulu and Basilan continue.
Local authorities and humanitarian actors tackle challenges of repeated displacement due to conflict and seek permanent solutions.
• The Humanitarian Coordinator in the Philippines, Mr. Ola Almgren highlighted the importance of coordinating humanitarian and development assistance during his visit to Mindanao.
El Niño-related rainfall affects more than 1.2 million people.
A series of “provoked” forest fires burn an unprecedented 600,000 hectares in Chile.
Some 1.4 million people were affected by disasters in the first quarter of 2017. The floods in Peru affected more than 1.2 million people.
OCHA designates a Protection Specialist to address violence and migration in Central America’s Northern Triangle.
• Over 1,800 children were formally disengaged from the Bangsamoro Islamic Armed Forces and Bangsamoro Islamic Women Auxiliary Brigade in a landmark agreement between the armed groups and the United Nations in the Philippines.
• The Community of Practice on Community Engagement puts the Rapid Information Communication Accountability Assessment (RICAA) tool into practice in Antequerra, Bohol.
A 6.7-magnitude earthquake in Surigao displaces thousands of families and causes destruction to homes, schools and infrastructure.
Over 29,000 people are still displaced in Mindanao due to flooding. Heavy rains combined with rivers clogged with water hyacinth heightens the risk.
Conflict in Butig, Lanao del Sur continues, with armed groups recruiting more youth as dissatisfaction with the peace process grows.
• 2016 cerró con 10.7 millones de personas afectadas, 10 % más que en 2015.
• Las inundaciones ocupan el primer lugar en tipo de desastre en la región, aunque la sequía genera el mayor número de personas afectadas.
• La temporada de huracanes en el Atlántico fue la más activa desde 2012 y las más mortal desde 2005.
• Durante 2016, Naciones Unidas solicitó fondos por US$339 millones en la región.
• 2016 marcó el 25 aniversario de la Resolución 46/182 de la ONU.
• 2016 closed with 10.7 million people affected, 10 per cent more than in 2015.
• Floods are the most frequent type of disaster in the region, although drought affected more people.
• The Atlantic hurricane season was more active than 2012 and more deadly than 2005.
• The United Nations requested funding for US$339 million for emergencies in the region.
• 2016 marked the 25th anniversary of UN Resolution 46/182.
More than 10 million people affected by disaster in 2016
El día de ayer 19 de diciembre a las 2:11 a.m. se registró un sismo en el cantón Atacames, provincia de Esmeraldas de 5.7 grados de magnitud en la escala de Richter a una profundidad de 5.2 kilómetros (Instituto Geofísico del Ecuador, IGEPN). Más de 20 réplicas se han registrado desde ese entonces, la de mayor magnitud fue de 5.1, el día de hoy. De acuerdo a las autoridades del Instituto Geofísico del Ecuador los sismos en esta zona probablemente se deban a “una falla en la placa continental, que fue activada como resultado” del terremoto del 16 de abril.
Tras el terremoto del pasado 16 de abril se han registrado 2.900 réplicas (IGEPN, diciembre 13). El 12 de diciembre se registraron nueve réplicas en las costas frente al cantón Atacames provincia de Esmeraldas, las de mayor magnitud ocurrieron a entre las 9 a.m. y las 11 a.m. de 4.9 y 5.1 en la escala de Richter respectivamente y con una profundidad aproximada de 5 Kms. (IGEPN, diciembre 12). El Instituto Nacional Oceanográfico de la Armada (INOCAR) informó que no existe alerta de tsunami en las costas ecuatorianas (IGEPN, diciembre 12).
Since the earthquake of 16 April, there have been 2,900 aftershocks (IGEPN, December 13). On 12 December nine aftershocks were registered in the coast of Atacames canton, Esmeraldas province. The strongest aftershocks happened between 9 a.m. and 11 a.m. of 4.9 and 5.1 in the Richter scale respectively, with a depth of 5Kms approximately (IGEPN, December 12). The National Oceanographic Institute of the Marines (INOCAR) informed that there is not a tsunami alert in the Ecuadorean coasts (IGEPN, December 12).
• Más de 1.4 millones de personas en necesidad de asistencia humanitaria en Cuba y Haití, tras el paso del huracán Matthew.
• 12.5 millones de personas afectadas por desastres en 2016. La sequía y los huracanes son los principales desastres.
• Seis meses después del terremoto en Ecuador, US$26.9 millones han sido financiados de los $72.8 solicitados en el Llamamiento Internacional.