On 19 January, Mount Agung erupted, spewing lava approximately one kilometre from the crater. The volcano is at level III alert, with a no-go zone established in a radius of four kilometres from the crater. No damage has so far been reported.
Following the earthquake at the end of September 2018, some 133,631 people remain displaced across Central Sulawesi. While thousands more left the province or found refuge with host families, increasing numbers of these people are returning to Central Sulawesi. The Governor of Central Sulawesi has extended the emergency transition to recovery phase in the province until 23 February. The total funding needed for rehabilitation and reconstruction stands at IDR 22.8 trillion (US$1.6 billion).
Tropical Storm Pabuk made landfall in southern Thailand on 4 January, bringing widespread and torrential rainfall affecting 720,885 people and damaging farmland and houses in 16 provinces. Provincial authorities are leading the relief operation with support from national government, Thai Red Cross and local NGOs.
720,880 people affected
Tropical Depression Usman, which made landfall near Borongan, Eastern Samar, on 29 December 2018, began affecting the country on 28 December as it enhanced the northeast monsoon winds, bringing heavy rain across the southern Luzon and eastern Visayas regions for several days, which triggered multiple landslides and widespread flooding. Intermittent rains from the northwest monsoon continue to hamper debris removal and body retrieval operations, while also raising the risk of new landslides in the affected regions.
A tsunami hit along the coast of the Sunda Strait on 22 December 2018 at 21:27 hours (local time), affecting five districts in Banten and Lampung provinces with Pandeglang District as the most affected. The Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG) confirmed that the tsunami was caused by eruptions from Anak Krakatau volcano triggering an underwater landslide.
On 22 December 2018, at 21:27 local time, a tsunami hit coastal areas along the Sunda Strait in Indonesia. The tsunami is suspected to have been caused by an underwater landslide following eruptions of the Anak Krakatau volcano located in the Sunda Strait. The tsunami impacted Pandeglang and Serang districts in Banten Province and South Lampung and Tanggamus districts in Lampung Province.
281 people dead
As of 13 December, heavy rains in Ha Tinh, Quang Binh, Quang Tri and Thua Thien resulted in the death of 13 people, with one person still missing. A number of houses have been damaged or destroyed, while fields have been flooded and livestock swept away.
The disaster risk is level 1 according to Vietnamese disaster risk level (level 5 is the highest). The Central Steering Committee for Natural Disaster Prevention and Control has guided the provinces from Ha Tinh to Phu Yen to monitor the situation. There is no request for international assistance.
Civilians continue to be severely affected by ongoing armed conflict in Kachin and Shan states. This includes over 74,500 people who were temporarily displaced by conflict in 29 townships between January 2017 and 10 December 2018. In most cases this was short term displacement, with people returning to their places of origin within weeks or months. The UN estimates that there are now about 106,000 displaced people in camps and settlements in Kachin and northern Shan as a result of the armed conflict that resumed in 2011.
Over 32,000 people have been temporarily displaced by fighting in 33 locations since January 2018, representing more than twice the number of people over the same period in 2017. Civilians have been displaced multiple times, increasing psychological trauma, especially for elderly people and disrupting children's education. There are now almost 106,000 displaced people in 172 camps in Kachin and Shan. The United Nations has not been permitted by the Government to deliver assistance to people in need in areas beyond Government control since June 2016.
Of the organisations that applied for travel authorizations (TAs), all received TAs for field access in central Rakhine, albeit after submitting detailed and restrictive paperwork outlining their planned activities. The highest number of TAs were granted in Sittwe, Pauktaw and Mrauk-U. The most common TA duration is 30 days.
On 29 October, Typhoon Yutu (locally named ‘Rosita’) made landfall in Isabela Province. As of 9 November, there were 11 confirmed dead and over 2,500 houses destroyed. Although this storm was not as strong as was initially feared, it affected many of the same communities which were affected by Typhoon Mangkhut (locally named ‘Ompong’) in September. There were nearly 1,100 Baranguays affected by both storms which caused repeated displacement across six different provinces.
2,500 houses destroyed
For the past two months, two typhoons traversed the northern Luzon provinces. In September 2018, Typhoon Mangkhut (Ompong) made landfall in the Municipality of Baggao, Cagayan province with a peak intensity of more than 200 km/h. It was by far the most destructive typhoon this year. It caused over a million people displaced, damages to infrastructure and agricultural crops, thousands of houses destroyed and landslide in the highlands.
Typhoon Yutu (locally known as Rosita) exited the Philippine Area of Responsibility on the afternoon of 31 October. As of 5 November, the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council reports 11 deaths due mostly to landslides and flooding.
Over 65,000 families (more than 254,000 people) were affected in over 1,300 barangays in northern Luzon, and over 7,900 homes damaged in Regions I, III, III, VIII, and the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR).