Thousands of people have been displaced by Tropical Cyclone “Luban” that made landfall on the coast of Yemen on 14 October. Three people are confirmed dead, 14 missing and more than 100 injured according to the Al Maharah Emergency Operations Room.
The cyclone lost strength and has been downgraded to a Tropical Depression as of 15 October. In the last three days, several districts have been flooded following heavy rains, causing a significant number of houses to collapse.
Almost a week after Cyclone “Mekunu” flooded the island of Socotra and parts of Yemen’s eastern mainland, initial indications are that food and WASH assistance remain critical priority needs. A UNOSAT rapid satellite assessment of the impact over Qalansiyah city shows that some areas along the wadis may be flooded and some roads potentially affected by water and mud as of 27 May.
The impact of cyclone ‘Mekunu’ on Yemen’s eastern mainland, after it had made landfall in the Sultanate of Oman on 26 May, has been limited. Minor damage has been reported to infrastructure in the districts of Hawf and Shahan of Al Maharah Governorate. Two ships reportedly sank in Al Gaydah and the cycolone damaged agricultural equipment. Meanwhile, assessments and relief efforts continue on the island of Socotra.
On 23 May 2018, tropical cyclone “Mekunu” swept through the island of Socotra flooding it heavily. On 24 May, the Government of Yemen declared a state of emergency and called on humanitarian organizations to support relief efforts. At the time of this report, rains have stopped and the cyclone is on course to make landfall in western Oman and eastern Yemen on 26 May.
A cautious calm is being reported in Aden following three days of fighting during which the Southern Transitional Council (STC) seized control of most of the city from forces loyal to the Government of Yemen (GoY).
Some shops have re-opened in the city and civilians have been able to move out of their homes to stock up on essential supplies. Schools are still closed except in Al Bureka districts. Operations at Aden airport and sea port have yet to resume.
Implications on the humanitarian situation
Fighting in Aden between the Southern Transitional Council (STC) and the Aden-based Government of Yemen has continued into the third day. After a night of heavy shelling, some normalcy returned on 30 January to Khor Maksar area, where the UN offices are located, but sporadic shooting could still be heard. Heavy clashes were reported in Dar Saad and Crater areas, with the STC reportedly taking over the 4th Presidential Guards Base in Dar Saad.
Heavy clashes erupted in Aden on 28 January between forces loyal to the Southern Transitional Council (STC) and the internationally recognized Government of Yemen (GoY). Small and heavy gunfire was heard in the morning near the enclave in Khor Maksar district, where UN offices are located.
While clashes in the streets of the capital subsided, airstrikes were reported on 5 and 6 December. A tense calm has returned to parts of Sana’a, allowing some civilians to venture outside their residences to seek medical care and supplies. Others have decided to leave the city in search of safety, concerned over how the security situation may evolve. Some residents are still reluctant to leave their homes, despite the need to re-stock and seek assistance in fear of renewed fighting or new airstrikes.
Conflict along the western coast of Taizz Governorate escalated in January 2017 and has continued over the last week, including in several areas adjacent to coastal districts and near the southern border of Al Hudaydah Governorate.
Escalation of conflict on Yemen’s Western Coast has resulted in significant civilian casualties and large scale displacement, further aggravating the humanitarian situation.
Over 44,000 people have recently fled the conflict throughout Taizz Governorate, including at least 25,000 from Al Mukha and Dhubab districts.
Protection concerns persist for those still residing in areas of active conflict, including Al Mukha City and neighbouring villages.
Escalating conflict in recent weeks has forced over 34,000 people to flee their homes inTaizz Governorate. Fighting and displacement have mainly been concentrated in Al Mukha and Al Dhubab districts.
The parties to the conflict must ensure the protection of an estimated 3,500 to 7,000 people still residing in the town of Al Mukha.
Humanitarian partners are mobilizing assistance in areas affected by fighting or hosting Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs).
Over 20,700 people have been affected in Sana'a, Amran and Marib governorates.
In Sana’a 184 households (1,104 people) have reportedly been displaced. The families had previously being displaced from Sa’ada Governorate and Nihm District.
In Amran Governorate 16 teams are carrying out assessments and response activities
The response in Marib is still very low compared to other governorates due to limited humanitarian access.
An estimated 49,000 people have been affected and 24 deaths have been reported.
Significant losses to livelihood assets are reported, as crops have been damaged, livestock drowned, agricultural inputs lost.
More than 10 national and international humanitarian organizations are coordinating the response with national authorities.
Over the past several days, fighting has spread within Taizz City as well as to other districts of the governorate. Changes in conflict lines and areas of control have opened up access to some parts of the former Taizz enclave where humanitarian access has been severely limited for many months.
The agreement of the Yemeni parties to the conflict to cease hostilities from 15 December 2015 has presented a long awaited opportunity for humanitarian actors to reach areas of the country that have been inaccessible for the past months, while continuing on-going assistance and essential services.