• On 29 October, the 150-hour period referred to in the 22 October Memorandum of Understanding ended. Despite this, clashes continued between the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) and Syrian National Army (SNA) close to the M4 highway between Ain al-Arab and Ein Issa, as well as in southern Ras al-Ain displacing around 11,340 individuals from villages in Tal Tamr towards Al-Hasakeh city.
• On 29 October, the 150-hour period referred to in the 22 October Memorandum of Understanding ended; this followed an announcement on 27 October that Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) were redeploying away from the Turkish-Syrian border to be replaced by Government of Syria (GoS) border guards.
The five-day ceasefire ended on the evening of 22 October. That same evening, the Russian and Turkish presidents announced an agreement on security parameters in the northeast, including proposed security arrangements along the border.
Despite the announcement of a 5-day pause in fighting on the evening of 18 October, hostilities continued to be reported in Ras Al Ain, amidst accusations from both sides that the terms of the truce have yet to be delivered.
On 19 October, local responders evacuated 30 injured people and 4 bodies from Ras Al Ain to Roj Hospital in Tal Tamer and Farman Hospital in Quamishli city, Al-Hassakeh governorate; a further 15 wounded and 17 bodies were evacuated on 20 October in addition to five families, including women and children.
On the evening of 17 October, the United States announced an agreement for a 5-day ceasefire (120 hours) following meetings with the Turkish President to allow for the withdrawal of SDF forces from the Syrian-Turkish border. The announcement followed intense clashes in Ras Al Ain city – which was reportedly encircled by Turkish forces earlier that same day – and an appeal by health actors in the city to evacuate civilians and those who had been injured.
The security situation in northeast Syria remains highly volatile as the military operation enters its seventh day. Airstrikes and intense hostilities appeared to de-escalate slightly during 15 October. Clashes continued however in Ras Al Ain.
The security situation in north-eastern Syria remains highly volatile and airstrikes and ground attacks continued to be reported in multiple locations as the military operation entered its sixth day.
The United States announced the planned withdrawal of its troops from northeast Syria on 13 October. The announcement of an agreement between the Kurdish Self-Administration and the Government of Syria followed shortly after.
As of late 13 October, ongoing airstrikes and ground attacks were reported in multiple locations as the military operation towards Tell Abiad and in Ras Al Ain cities continued. Conflicting reports emerged regarding control of Ras al-Ain city.
Ongoing airstrikes and ground attacks continue being reported in multiple locations as the offensive towards Tell Abiad and Ras al-Ain cities continues. At the time of reporting, the Turkish Government announced the control of Rasal-Ain city.
Significant further displacements continue being reported from rural areas around Tell Abiad and Ras al-Ain, with current estimates currently surpassing 130,000 people – exact numbers cannot yet be ascertained.
Heavy fighting and advances continue with some changes in control reported in areas along the border. Reportedly, about 100,000 people have been displaced in the last two days; an estimated 35,000 people from Tell Abiad and surrounding areas; and an estimated 65,000 people from Ras El Ain. There are reports of further displacements though numbers are not yet known.
There have been reports of casualties and injuries on both sides of the border. The UN is working to verify additional reports of casualties on both sides.
On 9 October, Turkey announced the start of military operations in north-eastern Syria home to an estimated 3 million people. The potential affected area includes SDF-controlled areas, where an estimated 2.2 million people live, including 1.3 million in need of humanitarian assistance, as well as Government-controlled Quamishli and Hassakeh city, hosting 450,000 people.
Due to the intensification of hostilities throughout northern Hama and southern Idlib governorates in the period between 29 April and 5 May 2019, over 150,000 people fled the area in search of safety. The protection of civilians remains the biggest concern.
Shelling, airstrikes and active fighting in and around over 50 villages in northern rural Hama and southern Idlib caused destruction of at least 10 schools, leading to the suspension of education activities.
• As of 20 March, 70,480 people reside in Al Hol camp, the majority of whom are women and children. A further 2,000 people, many of them in markedly poor health, arrived late on 20 March, 12 of whom died either en route or shortly after arriving in the camp. Several hundred people also arrived on 21 March.
• 1,500 IDPs from Baghouz arrived in Al Hol in the morning of 14 March bringing the total camp population to 67,794 people. More are expected to arrive in the coming days. The vast majority of new arrivals are women and children, most of whom show clear signs of distress, fatigue, malnutrition and require some form of medical care or attention.
With the resumption of the offensive on the last ISIL-held enclave of Baghouz village, Deir-ez-Zour governorate on 10 March, the number of new arrivals to Al-Hol camp has significantly reduced, with only 30 families arriving in the past twenty-four hours. Overall, some 4,000 people have been brought to Al-Hol camp since 7 March. In total, the camp population is now 66,247 people (19,216 families), the vast majority of them women and children, including 23 per cent under the age of 5 and 8 per cent pregnant and nursing mothers.
A stream of new IDP arrivals from Baghouz in south-eastern Deir-Er-Zour to Al Hol camp has continued, with over 5,200 arriving between 5-7 March. Thousands more are expected in coming days.
Al Hol camp has significantly surpassed its capacity, with the current population exceeding 62,000 individuals. More than 90 per cent of the new arrivals are women and children. Children represent the vast majority, 23 per cent are under the age of 12 and 12 per cent are under the age of 5.
Al Hol camp population stands at 56,002 individuals of which more than 90 per cent are women and children. Between February 22 and March 1, approximately 15,000 people reached Al Hol camp from Baghouz in southeastern Deir-Er-Zour. At the time of writing, on March 4, hundreds of people are expected to arrive in the camp at daybreak on March 5.
New arrivals have been provided with NFI kits and winterization items and are now hosted in family-size and communal tents in phase 5, 7 and the annex of the camp.
• The humanitarian situation in Al-Hole camp continues to rapidly evolve with as many as 3,500 people arriving from the last ISIL-held areas of Baghouz village, Deir-ez-Zour governorate in the past 24 hours. Currently, the total camp population stands at around 54,500 – 90 per cent of them women and children.
• Evacuation from Baghouz village is ongoing, with a further 3,000-4,000 civilians expected to be brought to AlHole camp over the coming days. Currently, no one awaits transfer to Al-Hole camp from Suar transit site.
• Over the past 72 hours as many as 9,000 people have been evacuated from the last ISIL-held areas of Baghouz in Deir-ez-Zour Governorate, including almost 6,000 civilians who have been brought to Al-Hole camp. 99 per cent of the new arrivals are women and children.
• As of 24 February, the total population of Al-Hole camp is almost 47,000, of which almost three quarters are women and children under the age of five.
● Following weeks of intense hostilities in the last ISIL-held area of Al Baghouz in south-eastern Deirez-Zor Governorate, fighting is reported to be subsiding. However, there are still concerning reports of civilians killed and injured due to the fighting as well as of 200 families reportedly still trapped in the area.