OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
As the conflict in South Sudan enters its fifth year in 2018, the humanitarian crisis has continued to intensify and expand due to the compounding effects of widespread violence and the deteriorating economic situation.
Under the 2017 South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan, humanitarian partners aim to respond to the most life-threatening needs of 5.8 million people out of an estimated 7.5 million in need of humanitarian protection and assistance across South Sudan.
The 2016 South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan requests $1.3 billion for 114 humanitarian partners to respond to the most life-threatening needs of 5.1 million people out of an estimated 6.1 million in need of protection and assistance across South Sudan.
Changes in context and Needs
Economic downturn is compounding the consequences of conflict
• Intensified violent conflict is destroying the viability of communities and generating new and recurrent displacements of vulnerable populations.
• Economic stress is generating inflation and shortages of critical goods and services.
• Deepening austerity is further threatening publicly managed social services, including the public health system.
AN OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
• Life-threatening needs driven by the conflict are made worse by extreme poverty and some of the world’s lowest levels of development indicators.
• Needs are most acute in areas with active hostilities or large numbers of people displaced.
• Chronic needs such as severe food insecurity, high rates of malnutrition, vulnerability to disease outbreaks and exposure to gender-based violence are also present in other parts of the country.
A new strategic direction will focus on responding to emergencies and strengthening community resilience
Humanitarian partners expect that the current crisis will affect more than one in two South Sudanese by December 2014.
Humanitarian partners expect that the current crisis will severely affect more than 1 in 2 South Sudanese by December 2014.
- Over 7 million people are at risk.
- 4 million people face alarming food insecurity.
- Up to 1.5 million people become internally displaced.
- 863,000 people seek refuge in neighbouring countries.
- Some 270,000 Sudanese refugees remain in South Sudan.
Violence broke out in Juba on 15 December, and quickly spread to other locations. During the first six weeks of the crisis, Central Equatoria, Jonglei, Unity and Upper Nile states saw heavy fighting between Government and opposition forces. Other states have been indirectly affected as displaced people have sought safety there. An agreement to cease hostilities was signed on 23 January, but its impact on the humanitarian situation is not yet clear.
The humanitarian situation in South Sudan has deteriorated sharply since 15 December 2013. Violence erupted in the capital Juba and quickly spread, affecting six of the country’s ten states. In two weeks, up to 180,000 people have been forced to flee their homes, including some 70,000 seeking shelter in UN peacekeeping bases. It is expected that needs will escalate further in the coming weeks.
The mid-year review of the South Sudan Consolidated Appeal shows that although humanitarian needs remained very high in the first half of 2013, the situation has stabilized and even improved in some areas.
Needs Remain High
Humanitarian needs remained consistently high throughout 2012 due to unresolved political issues between South Sudan and Sudan, and the legacy of decades of conflict. Needs are expected to remain high for key vulnerable groups. However, positive political developments towards the end of 2012 may improve food security and economic conditions for people in South Sudan into 2013, with the signing of breakthrough agreements on oil, trade and security arrangements with Sudan.
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The first half of 2012 has seen the continuation of unresolved issues between Sudan and South Sudan as well as the emergence of new challenges. Some of these challenges were anticipated in the most likely planning scenario developed for 2012, while other challenges have far exceeded expectations, further worsening the humanitarian situation to the extent that in several areas some of the worst- case scenario triggers have already occurred. ￼
2011 has been a momentous year for South Sudan. It has been a privilege to stand with the South Sudanese people as they witnessed the birth of their new nation – from the decisive independence referendum in January, the end of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement period, to the country’s longawaited entry into the community of nations on 9 July. The Republic of South Sudan has now started the long and challenging task of building a new state. The humanitarian community is committed to supporting the government and its people as they embark on this endeavour.
- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
The first six months of 2011 brought historic changes to the territory that becomes the world’s newest nation, the Republic of South Sudan, in July 2011. Some of these changes were foreseen and captured in the most likely planning scenario developed by humanitarian actors for 2011. Others have exceeded expectations, resulting in a deterioration of the situation more closely in line with aspects of the worst-case scenario.