In the second half of the year, Ethiopia has faced with an unprecedented surge of inter- communal conflict in Gedeo zone (SNNP region) and West Guji zone (Oromia region), which at its height, displaced some 818,000 people.
The priority funding gaps presented here are intended to inform urgently required funding decisions by donors. The priorities have been reviewed and endorsed by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator a.i, Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team and the Commissioner of the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC). This latest prioritization exercise follows the exercise conducted in May 2018.
The multi-sectoral Response Plan targets 818,250 recently displaced people. A total of $117.7m is urgently required, of which approximately $6.99m has already been mobilized by Government and partners, primarily through diverting resources that were originally intended for important response elsewhere in the country.
The priority funding gaps presented here are intended to inform urgently required funding decisions by donors, and a new allocation from the Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (anticipated balance of US$23 million once current pledges are realized). The priorities have been reviewed and endorsed by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator, Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team and the Commissioner of the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC).
Given the recurrent nature of climate-driven humanitarian crises in Ethiopia, Government and partners have agreed that a significant shift in approach is required.
This alert has been prepared as a complement to the indicative humanitarian needs and requirements for Ethiopia presented in the 2018 Global Humanitarian Overview.
In advance of the finalization of the meher assessment results, it is anticipated that between 5 and 7 million people will be targeted with relief assistance, requiring around $895 million over the course of 2018.
The priorities for immediate financing highlighted in this document are geared towards achieving two purposes:
OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS
While Ethiopia battles residual needs from the El Niño-induced drought, below average rains in the southern and eastern parts of the country caused by the negative Indian Ocean Dipole have led to a new drought.
This document is presented jointly by the Government of Ethiopia and the Ethiopia Humanitarian Country Team. It presents the key findings of the Governmentled post-harvest assessment of autumn 2015. It includes the outline of the Government and UN Humanitarian Country Team response plan to address assessed and projected humanitarian needs in 2016.
The full Ethiopia Humanitarian Requirements Document will be launched in Addis Ababa on Wednesday 9 December 2015.
El Niño-driven emergency
Revised HRD requirements for July-December 2012
The revised Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) for the second half of 2012 was launched on 13 August 2012 and calls for US$ 189.4 million in additional humanitarian funding to meet food and non-food needs in Ethiopia between July and December 2012.
The continued La Niňa episode during the first half of 2011 has deteriorated the food security situation in the south and south eastern parts as well as in the belg dependent and sugum receiving areas of the country. The poor performance of short-cycle crops and deterioration of livestock body conditions and production contributed to rising malnutrition in some La Niňa affected areas. On the other hand, flooding poses a threat during the second half of 2011 with National Meteorological Agency‟s (NMA) forecast of normal to above normal kiremt rains.
The revised Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) was launched on 11 July 2011 and calls for an additional US$ 398.4 million in humanitarian funding to meet food and non-food needs in Ethiopia between July and December 2011.
The overall good performance of the 2010 belg and meher rains contributed to improving the food security situation in areas that benefit from the seasonal rains, apart for some pockets in the eastern lowlands areas.
This document summarizes emergency food and non-food requirements in 2009 identified by the multi-agency assessment conducted during November/December 2008. The effects of food insecurity caused by poor performance of seasonal rains, poor crop production coupled with the soaring cereal prices posed several humanitarian challenges to the lives and livelihoods of many in some areas in eastern half of the country. A total of 4.9 million beneficiaries are identified to require emergency assistance in 2009.
The Flash Update to the 2005 Joint Humanitarian Appeal has been developed in response to an increase in the number of vulnerable people requiring both food and non-food assistance. With emerging data of acute malnutrition, there is concern about survival of children in parts of the country, as well as food security conditions and general stress amongst the population at risk in some hotspot areas.
(ADDIS ABABA, 23 December 2004) – The Ethiopian Government, the United Nations and humanitarian partners today appealed for 387,482 tonnes of food valued at approximately US $159 million for an estimated 2.2 million needy people, and US $112 million of non-food assistance to meet emergency humanitarian needs in 2005.
Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP)
The CAP is much more than an appeal for money. It is an inclusive and coordinated programme cycle of:
a) strategic planning leading to a Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP);
b) resource mobilisation;
c) coordinated programme implementation;
d) joint monitoring and evaluation;
e) revision, if necessary; and
f) reporting on results.
The CHAP is a strategic plan for humanitarian response in a given country or region and includes the following elements:
The 2004 Humanitarian Appeal is the result of joint efforts by the Government of Ethiopia, concerned UN organizations, international and national NGOs and donors. It is based on comprehensive countrywide assessments of food, health and nutrition and water and sanitation situations. The Appeal also considers special humanitarian needs related to education and HIV/AIDS, including specific requirements related to gender issues and child protection.