OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION
Amidst political tensions, an estimated 10.3 million people across DPRK continue to suffer from food insecurity and undernutrition, as well as a lack of access to basic services. Recurrent natural hazards – particularly extended droughts punctuated by near-annual floods – exacerbate and create new humanitarian needs. As a result, people have crucial and unmet food, nutrition, health, water, sanitation and hygiene needs
Chronic food insecurity
Overview of the Crisis
As the conflict strikes larger parts of the country, 3.3 million people are now in need of humanitarian assistance. The years ahead could see a continued or increased contest for control of the country as political competition intensifies in the run up to parliamentary and presidential elections.
OVERVIEW OF THE SITUATION
The continued deepening and geographic spread of the conflict has prompted a 13% increase in the number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2017, now 9.3 million. Unrelenting displacement and exposure to repetitive shocks continues to intensify humanitarian needs.
18 provinces severely affected
2 million people affected, with significant loss of income due to damaged or lost livelihoods
First time in decades a negative agricultural growth
Since 2014, the longest and strongest ever El Niño drought and saltwater intrusion has severely affected one third of Viet Nam, in areas producing key agricultural outputs such as rice, coffee, pepper, fruit, sugarcane and seafood.
The HCT is seeking US$28.9 million to provide immediate humanitarian assistance to 600,000 people in food security, nutrition, shelter, health, and water, sanitation and hygiene for the next six months.
The remnants of Typhoon Lionrock passed DPRK on 29 August 2016, merging with a low pressure front. Over the three days, 208 mm of rain deluged Hoeryong City. Between 30-31 August, the Tumen River rose 6-12 metres, breaking its banks.
1 million people expected to move from Sep to Dec 2016
- 400,000 undocumented returnees
- 220,000 refugee returnees
- 400,000 internally displaced
US$ 152 million requested for Sep-Dec 2016
Over one million people are anticipated to be “on the move” internally and across borders in 2016. This includes newly displaced and newly returning Afghans, many of whom will require humanitarian assistance.
- 18 provinces severely affected at present
- 22 provinces currently drought-affected
- 52 provinces aided by Government since mid-2015
Total Emergency Requirement (3-5 months) $48.5 million
Current Gap (3-5 months) $41.4 million
At least one third of Vietnam’s 63 provinces continue to be affected by El Niño-induced drought, with 18 provinces in the South Central, Central Highlands and Mekong Delta regions severely affected.
Dzud is a cyclical slow onset disaster unique to Mongolia. It consists of a summer drought, resulting in insufficient production of hay, followed by a very heavy winter snow (10 to 350 cm), winds and lower than normal temperatures (-40° C to-50° C). During this time an excessive number of livestock die causing basic services, and in the longer term, livelihoods to collapse in vulnerable herder communities.
Evolution of the crisis
Increasing breadths of the country are getting drawn into conflict. 2016 is likely to see continued or increased contest for control between NSAGs and Government security forces leading to more people needing humanitarian and protection assistance.
Heavy rains caused floods and landslides in several parts of Myanmar since June 2015. On 30 July, Cyclone Komen made landfall in Bangladesh, bringing strong winds and additional heavy rains to the country, which resulted in widespread flooding across 12 of the country’s 14 states and regions (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Rakhine, Sagaing, Shan, Yangon). On 31 July, the President declared Chin and Rakhine states, and Magway and Sagaing regions as natural disaster zones.
Heavy rains have caused floods and landslides in several parts of Myanmar since June 2015. On 30 July, Cyclone Komen made landfall in Bangladesh, bringing strong winds and additional heavy rains to the country, which resulted in widespread flooding across 12 of the country’s 14 states and regions (Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Magway, Mandalay, Mon, Rakhine, Sagaing, Shan Yangon).
On 31 July, the President declared Chin and Rakhine states, and Magway and Sagaing regions as natural disaster zones.
Nepal continues to struggle from the combined effects of chronic food insecurity and undernutrition, high rates of poverty and an uncertain poilitical transition following the 10 year conflict. In April and May 2015, Nepal was hit by two major earthquakes. The Kathmandu Valley and parts of the mid-hill areas remain subject to aftershocks.
NEPAL: AN OVERVIEW OF THE DISASTER
On 25 April, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal causing widespread destruction and loss of life. The initial earthquake was followed by thousands of aftershocks and another powerful quake on 12 May measuring 7.3 in magnitude.
The earthquakes caused 8,659 deaths (4,771 female; 3,887 male) and injured over 100,000 people – 384 people are still missing.
NEPAL: AN OVERVIEW OF THE DISASTER
A 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal on 25 April at 11:56 local time creating large scale damage and many casualties. The epicenter was located 81 km northwest of the Nepali capital Kathmandu in Lamjung District at a depth of 15 km. The earthquake has caused a number of landslides and avalanches.
Goal and Strategic objectives
The overarching goal of this strategy is to support the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and local communities to ensure that the lives, dignity and well-being of persons affected by conflict and disaster are protected.
To achieve this goal, the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) has agreed on the following strategic objectives for humanitarian action in 2015: