Up to 15,000 civilians remain trapped in Ar-Raqqa city and face increasingly deteriorating humanitarian conditions and protection concerns. Despite the risks of exposure to mines, snipers and military operations, some civilians have been able to escape through newly established corridors.
Clashes escalated between the Government of Syria (GoS) forces and ISIL in Deir-ez-Zor city and its surrounding neighborhoods.
Intensified air strikes, ground shelling and heavy fighting, along with SDF advances into Ar-Raqqa city, have raised serious protection concerns for civilians remaining in Raqqa city, directly in the line of fire.
Displacements from and within Ar-Raqqa Governorate continued due to heavy fighting and airstrikes. An estimated 224,250 people have been displaced since 1 April, including 45,486 since 1 June.
Up to 25,000 people are estimated to remain inside Raqqa city, amid heavy fighting between ISIL and the Syria Democratic Forces (SDF).
At the end of July 2017, Hayyat Tahrir Al-Sham (HTS) and Hezbollah reached an agreement whereby civilians and HTS fighters in Arsal Mountains (Lebanon) and Flita Mountains (Syria) would be “evacuated” to north-western Syria.
After delays due to disputes between the parties to the agreement, 5,288 people were evacuated from Arsal and Flita mountains to parts of Idleb and Aleppo governorates.
From 19 – 25 July, infighting among non-state armed groups (NSAGs) disrupted the provision of humanitarian services in northwestern Syria.
The Bab Al-Hawa border crossing effectively was closed between 19 – 25 July, after the Turkish border became inaccessible from the Syrian side, resulting in the stoppage of humanitarian aid and commercial cargo from Turkey to Syria.
Several humanitarian organizations suspended operations for several days since 19 July. Most have resumed activities since then.
Displacements from and within Ar-Raqqa Governorate continued due to heavy fighting and airstrikes. An estimated 202,702 people have been displaced since 1 April, including 32,510 since 1 June.
As of 11 July, estimates indicate that between 20,000 and 50,000 people remain inside Raqqa city.
As of 11 July, Ar-Raqqa city is militarily surrounded by the Syria Democratic Forces (SDF). Unverified reports, state that between 20 and 30 per cent of Raqqa city has been taken over by SDF forces.
Displacements from and within Ar-Raqqa Governorate continued due to fighting and heavy airstrikes. An estimated 190,081 people have been displaced since 1 April, including nearly 20,000 since 1 June.
As of end June, an estimated 30,000-50,000 people remain inside Raqqa city, which remains difficult to verify due to the situation on the ground.
Displacements from and within Ar-Raqqa governorate continued due to fighting and heavy airstrikes. An estimated 184,705 people have been displaced since 1 April, including over 108,000 people since 1 May.
Increasing displacement from Deir-Ez-Zor prompted a request by the Kurdish SelfAdministration to the UN to open new sites for people attempting to flee the area.
Heavy fighting between the SDF and ISIL in ArRaqqa city continued as the SDF made advances in the northwestern and eastern parts of the city.
Since early June, an estimated 50,000 people have been displaced in Ar-Raqqa governorate, some for short periods. Of these, 7,655 IDPs have so far been verified by CCCM cluster as remaining displaced for longer periods. The situation continues to be fluid, with new displacements coexisting with rapid return movements to areas taken over by SDF.
• Since 6 June when the SDF announced the launch of its military operations to gain control of Ar-Raqqa city, it has rapidly gained full control over several neighborhoods in the city.
• The offensive started in the semi-urban and urban areas to the east of Ar-Raqqa city during this reporting period triggered serious concerns for the protection of the civilian population, amidst intensification of air operations and shelling and in the expected intensification of urban warfare.
The SDF advances towards Ar-Raqqa city displaced over 169,000 people during the months of April and May across northern Syria. Of which an estimated 100,000 were displaced in May.
SDF advances east and west of Ar-Raqqa city resulted in the displacement of over 20,000 people bringing the total number of IDPs tracked since November 2016 to almost 200,000.
The Self Administration reportedly decided to enact a rule to prevent IDPs from Ar-Raqqa governorate from leaving Ein Issa camp. Camp management authorities later indicated the rule will not be enforced.
The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) exerts full control over Al-Thawrah town following weeks of fighting
38,939 people displaced between 1-15 May bringing the total number of people displaced since early April to 107,000
More than 13,000 IDPs returned to Al-Thawrah (Tabqa) town, with more returnees expected in the coming weeks
Airstrikes and shelling intensify across Ar-Raqqa Governorate, affecting civilians and vital infrastructure
Displacement in Ar-Raqqa Governorate intensifies as the fourth phase of the Euphrates Wrath operation begins.
Civilian deaths and damage to civilian infrastructure continues unabated due to ongoing hostilities and intensified airstrikes.
Water supply gradually returns to the governorate, following the opening of some flood gates of Tabqa Dam.
Reports of increased shortages of food and medical supplies in ArRaqqa city continue to be received.
As of 23 April, SDF-advances in northern Ar-Raqqa had displaced an estimated 39,000 people to Jib Al-Shaair makeshift camp in Ar-Raqqa governorate.
Although the IDPs have since been relocated to a better equipped camp south of Ein Issa, as many as 21,000 new IDPs are expected to arrive to Jib Al-Shaair in the coming days.
The UN has dispatched readyto-eat food rations, shelter items and non-food items, and hygiene kits to Jin Al-Shaair, and continues to monitor the situation on the ground.
As per the most recent assessment, some 153,012 individuals have been registered in the newly accessible neighborhoods, while 48,173 people originally from former eastern Aleppo still reside with relatives and acquaintances in the western parts of Aleppo city.
A total of 17,033 people have been registered in areas under the control of Kurdish forces, and 5,077 remain in Jibreen collective shelter.
Hostilities between non-state armed opposition groups (NSAOGs), the Government of Syria and the Islamic State continued across Syria, with the exception of a significant reduction in fighting across the months of Feb – April, 2016 due to the ‘Cessation of Hostilities’ agreement brokered by the ISSG and the Humanitarian Task Force. As of early July, eastern districts in the city of Aleppo became effectively besieged by government of Syria forces, where some 250,000 – 275,000 people were in need.
In late March 2017, parties to the Four Towns Agreement reached an agreement whereby, amongst other provisions, evacuations from the “Four Towns” (Madaya, Az-Zabadani, Foah and Kafraya) were to be carried out. Evacuations were also envisaged from Yarmouk camp in Damascus City.
On 15 April, the evacuation to Idleb City started for an estimated 2,350 people from Madaya town, and the evacuation to Aleppo City started for 5,000 people from Foah and Kafraya towns.
Over 50,000 people displaced in Ar-Raqqa Governorate since November 2016, of which 20,000 in the month of March only.
Concerns over security and the integrity of the Tabqa Dam.
Civilian infrastructure severely affected by fighting, however rehabilitated bridges in Menbij enable civilians to cross Euphrates River.
Last remaining road out of Ar-Raqqa City to Deir-ez-Zor blocked since 6 March.
Hostilities in the northern countryside of Hama increased significantly after a large-scale offensive was launched by non-state armed groups (NSAGs) on 21 March
The fighting resulted in the displacement of over 50,000 individuals within Hama governorate, and to nearby governorates, including 12,505 individuals who fled to Idleb Governorate