In May 2018, tens of thousands of people were displaced as a result of continued clashes in several parts of Unity, including Mayom, Rubkona, Guit, Koch, Leer and Mayendit. The people of Leer County suffered the worst of the fighting, with over 40,000 people reported to be displaced to the swampy areas of Meer, Pap, Kok, Dir and Toch-Riak. Partners continued to report the burning down of villages, looting, indiscriminate killings and sexual violence. In Central Equatoria, sporadic fighting was reported outside Yei town.
In May 2018, the impact of humanitarian access challenges on aid operations was substantial, with three aid workers killed, 19 others detained, and incidents involving looting of humanitarian assets, as well as interference in operations in multiple locations across the country. Fifty-eight incidents were reported compared with 80 in April.
In April, renewed fighting in Mayom, Rubkona, Guit, Koch, Leer and Mayendit counties in Unity led to displacement of thousands of civilians. Three villages were burnt down following clashes in and around Koch town, displacing over 7,000 people, while nearly 600 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) arrived in Nyal, Panyijiar County. In Jonglei, fighting was reported in Akobo, Nyirol and Uror counties where several civilians were killed and thousands displaced. At least 13,000 displaced people arrived in Guiy village, north-west of Motot following the fighting in Nyirol and Uror counties.
US$21 million allocated to support top priority front-line activities
During the first quarter, the South Sudan Humanitarian Fund (SSHF) allocated US$21 million through the 2018 first standard allocation.
Funding went to 62 partners to kick-start top priority front-line activities under the 2018 HRP, at a time when the compounding effects of displacement, disease, food insecurity, malnutrition and protection concerns continue to worsen. Funding was also provided to ensure the continuity of common logistics services.
In March, partners in South Sudan continued to respond to health emergencies including an outbreak of Rift Valley fever, measles and a suspected outbreak of meningitis, in different parts of the country. The outbreak of Rift Valley fever continued to evolve in parts of Lakes, with a total of 40 cases and four related deaths reported in Yirol East, Yirol West and Awerial. However, the suspected meningitis outbreak in Torit, Eastern Equatoria, first reported on 15 February 2018, started to decline, with only two suspected cases reported during March.
In February 2018, population displacement was reported in Unity and Central Equatoria following clashes between government and opposition forces. From 16 to 17 February, fighting in Bauw, Koch County (Unity), led to civilian deaths, destruction of homes and displacement. Brief clashes were also reported in Leer town. In Central Equatoria, over 3,360 IDPs (653 households) were displaced from Makaia to Yei town, after fighting broke out.
PEOPLE IN NEED IN 2017: 7.6 M
PEOPLE TARGETED IN 2017: 6.2 M
PEOPLE REACHED BY THE END OF 2017: 5.4 M
In 2017, South Sudan’s conflict was in its fourth year, with civilians continuing to bear the brunt of a crisis marked by displacement, hunger and disease. Nearly 4.3 million people – one in three South Sudanese – have been displaced, including more than 1.8 million who are internally displaced and about 2.5 million who are in neighbouring countries. About 700,000 people left South Sudan in 2017.
In February 2018, Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) analysis estimated that in the worst case scenario, 6.3 million people, or 57 per cent of the population of South Sudan, would be severely food insecure from February to April 2018. In Unity, Jonglei, Upper Nile, and Central Equatoria, which are affected by recurring outbreaks of violent conflict and displacement, the proportion of people suffering from severe food insecurity ranges from 52 to 62 percent - more than half the states' combined population.