Latest estimates indicate that about 94,000 people remain displaced (either in Bangladesh or within northern Rakhine) as a result of the 9 October attacks and subsequent security operations.
Humanitarian organizations in Bangladesh estimate that over 74,000 people have crossed the border into Bangladesh since October and remain in the Cox’s Bazaar area.
An estimated 20,000 people remain internally displaced in northern Rakhine.
Update on Kayin State
A 6.8 magnitude earthquake killed three people and damaged buildings, including dozens of pagodas, across central Myanmar late yesterday, 24 August. The epicenter of the quake was 25 kilometres W of Chauk, 59 kilometres NNW of Yenangyaung, 70 kilometres SW of Pakkoku, and 207 kilometres NW of Nay Pyi Daw and the depth was 84 kilometres. The quake was also felt across southern Myanmar and as far away as Bangkok in Thailand and Dhaka in Bangladesh.
According to the Government Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH), Cyclone Roanu made landfall in Bangladesh on 21 May and has finally dissipated after passing Chin State and Sagaing Region in Myanmar on 21-22 May. The status of the cyclone in Myanmar has now been reduced to “Green”.
• More than 1.6 million people have been critically affected by floods and landslides during July and August. A cumulative number of 384,905 households have been or remain displaced.
• Multi-sectoral Initial Rapid Assessments (MIRA) have been conducted in 850 locations in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Magway,
Rakhine and Sagaing.
More than 1.3 million people have been critically affected by monsoonal floods and landslides during July and August. A cumulative number of almost 300,000 households have been or remain displaced.
To date, 161 locations have been covered by Multi-sectoral Initial Rapid Assessments (MIRA), and 594 locations have been covered by rapid needs assessments in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing.
Since mid-July, more than 1 million people have been critically affected by monsoonal floods and landslides.
More than 687,200 acres of farmland has been damaged. Special equipment and seeds are needed for farmers to replant.
While the water has receded in many areas, many roads and bridges were destroyed in the worst affected states and regions. Transportation remains a challenge for ongoing assessments and delivery of assistance.
Over 61,000 households are displaced/evacuated in the Ayeyarwady delta region and in Bago due to floods.
Initial assessments in Rakhine indicate that the floods have severely damaged the rice harvest. Many water wells have been contaminated by flood and salt water.
The UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund has allocated US$9 million to jump start critical response activities.
Massive floods and strong winds have affected more than 259,000 people across 12 states and regions.
On 4 August, the Government of Myanmar welcomed international assistance for the flood response.
Floods have inundated more than 1 million acres of farmland. Damage to crops and arable land is likely to disrupt the planting season.
Priority needs include food, water and sanitation, access to health care, and provision or repair of shelter.
Myanmar: On 30 July, Cyclone Komen made landfall in Bangladesh bringing strong winds and additional heavy rains to Myanmar, which resulted in a significant expansion of monsoonal flood waters.
Heavy monsoon rains during the month of July, have caused flooding, flash floods and landslides in several parts of Myanmar, including in the Sagaing Region and Kachin State. Cyclone Komen, that made landfall in Bangladesh on 30 July, brought strong winds and heavy rains resulting in further floods, landslides and wind damage in several states and regions across the country. On 31 July, President U Thein Sein issued a statement declaring natural disaster zones in Chin and Rakhine states and in the Sagaing and Magway regions.
Inter-agency cross-line missions to areas beyond Government control carried out in September 2013
• Since 6 April IDPs have been allowed to return to their damaged houses to search through debris in Meikhtila prior to land clearance in preparation for rebuilding homes.
• As a result of the Government-led ‘family reunification process’ several persons have been reunited with family members. IDPs sheltering in monasteries are now relocated to two schools (BEMS 2 and BEPS 16) whilst others will be relocated from four schools to training centers.
Since 28 March the authorities began to clear damaged houses and debris in Meikhtila as shops and commercial businesses reopen.
As a result of the Government-led ‘family reunification process’ several persons have been reunited with family members. IDPs sheltering in monasteries are being relocated to two schools whilst others will be relocated from four schools to training centers.
Sporadic acts of arson and unrest spread from Meikhtila to Bago Region and in Yangon reports of disturbances in four townships continue.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
The Government estimates that over 12,000 persons have been displaced following the inter-communal violence that erupted on 20 March in Meikhtila, Mandalay Region. The number of casualties is yet to be confirmed. Some spontaneous return is being reported.
Curfew and state of emergency has been imposed in Meikhtila, Tharzi, Yamethin and Tatkon townships on 20 March following security incidents. Additional troops have been deployed in the area.
• The Government indicates at least 16 people were killed and 52 other injured in the earthquake, registering 6.8 on the Richter scale that struck Sagaing and Mandalay Regions on 11 November. Unofficial reports suggest the number of casualties and injured may be higher.
• The Government reports that over 400 houses, 65 schools and 100 religious buildings were damaged.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
• The Government indicates at least 7 causalities and some 52 people injured after an earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale struck Sagaing Region some 50 kilometers north of Shwebo.
Unofficial reports suggest the number of casualties and injured may be higher.
• At least 102 houses, four schools, 48 departmental buildings and 21 religious buildings between Thabeikkyin and Shwebo Townships. Assessments of damages and casualties are ongoing.
I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
• On 11 November, an earthquake registering 6.8 on the Richter scale was recorded 50 kilometers north of Shwebo Township in Sagaing Region, 115 kilometers north of Mandalay. Shwebo, Khin-U and Kanablu Township in Sagaing Division, and Singu and Thabeikkyin Townships of Mandalay Region are reportedly affected.
• Government reports indicate at least 7 causalities and dozens injured and four people missing. Damage to houses, public buildings and infrastructure is reported in both Sagaing and Mandalay Regions.