• Increasing numbers of people are returning to their areas of origin, according to IOM.
• Humanitarian activities resume and people begin moving back to Hawiga, following the end of security operations in the district.
• Progress on fast track visas, however registration process for NGOs still cumbersome.
• The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan will be launched in February and aims to target the 3.4 million people in Iraq who are most vulnerable, costing approximately US$ 569 million.
Humanitarian community responds rapidly to earthquake affected areas of northeastern Iraq.
Some 16,500 people displaced locally or to camps in Anbar, Salah Al-Din and Ninewa since 26 October military operations.
Towns in Hawiga report return of 80 percent of pre-2014 populations.
UXO hazard decontamination needed.
Humanitarian access constraints in northern Iraq hamper delivery of humanitarian services.
On 12 November 2017 at 21:18 local time (18:18 UTC) northeast Iraq experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale, according to United States Geological Survey (USGS). The epicenter of this earthquake is located 32kms from the city of Halabja. According to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS), approximately 1,840,000 people live with within 100km of the epicenter of this earthquake in both Iraq and Iran.
On 12 November 2017 at 21:18 local time (18:18 UTC) northwest Iraq experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of approximately 7.2 – 7.5, according to European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC). The epicenter of this earthquake is located 32kms from the city of Halabja. According to the Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS), approximately 1,840,000 people live with within 100km of the epicenter of this earthquake in both Iraq and Iran.
At 21:18 local time (18:18 UTC) northwest Iraq/northern Iran experienced an earthquake in the magnitude of approximately 7.2 – 7.5, according to European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC). The epicenter of this earthquake is located 32kms from the city of Halabja. The earthquake was felt across Iraq, including in the cities of Baghdad, Erbil, Sulaymaniyah, Kirkuk and Basra.
Expected humanitarian impact:
Military operations to retake the last major territory held by ISIL begin in western Anbar.
184,000 people are currently displaced by recent unrest in northern governorates.
Almost 62,000 people return to Hawiga a month after it is retaken, to a lack of services and explosive hazard contamination.
Heaters, fuel and sanitation upgrades are urgently needed in camps across Iraq as winter approaches.
IHF launches $14 million reserve allocation for Hawiga.
• Military operations displace 7,000 from Hawiga in the first week.
• Displacement from western Anbar rose sharply in late September, as military operations began.
• IDP intentions survey reveals safety is the critical factor in the decision to return, followed by access to services and employment.
• Donors pledge generously in the margins of the UN General Assembly.
# of people in need: 11m
# of people targeted for assistance: 6.2m
The second phase of the military operation to bring Hawiga district under control of Government of Iraq began on 28 September as Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) moved into the district. As the military operation in Hawiga enters its tenth day, over 7,000 people are already displaced.
Humanitarian impact and response:
Military operations to retake Hawiga and east Shirqat from under control of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) began on 21 September. Security forces retook several villages in quick succession, displacing remaining residents. It is not yet clear whether operations will be limited to the east Shirqat area only, or if it will continue into Hawiga district.
Expected humanitarian impact:
Humanitarian partners prepare for up to 85,000 displaced from Hawiga and surrounding areas.
Iraq inter-agency toll-free call centre one of a kind in existence.
Cash Working Group develops joint approach for assistance programmes.
Iraq Humanitarian Fund prepares new allocation.
Military operations in Hawiga may affect 85,000
• Displacement from Telafar doubled in the week before hostilities began.
• Despite uncertainties, preparations in Hawiga and western Anbar go ahead.
• Tens of thousands return to West Mosul, despite questions over sustainability.
• HRP funding stalls, while IHF supports preparations in Hawiga and Anbar.
Military operations displace 20,000 fromTelafar
Military operations to retake Telafar from the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) began in the morning of 20 August.
Thousands of people fled Telafar in recent days, in anticipation of the coming military campaign. An estimated 40,000 people live in the district, including up to 10,000 in Telafar city. To date, more than 30,000 civilians fled Telafar since the end of April, and thousands more are likely to leave during the military operation.
- Large-scale and intense fighting in Mosul is over, yet life-threatening risks for civilians continue and remain diversified.
- Conflict related displacement from Ba’aj and Telafar continues as military operations are shifting focus in the area.
- Protection remains a top priority, and much work will be needed in the rebuilding communities promotion cohesion.
- Trauma casualties continue since the end of intense fighting as returning civilians face risk from explosive hazards in the rubble.
Large-scale fighting is over for now, but civilians face diversifying risks.
Returnees face insecurity, community distrust and low employment.
Donors pledge an additional $200 million in Washington, but more funds are still urgently needed to keep the response on track.
Massive destruction in West Mosul leaves 200,000 homeless
Number of people in need 11m
Almost 1 million people fled from western Mosul and western Ninewa Governorate as of 26 July, surpassing humanitarians’ ‘worst-case’ estimates. Beyond Mosul, sustained efforts are now needed to support more than 700,000 people who lost everything.
Protection remains a top priority, especially for minority groups, women and children. The targeting of these groups is a particularly disturbing feature in Ninewa Governorate and in other areas of the country.
On 9 July, Iraq’s Prime Minister Haider Al-Abadi declared an official end to the campaign to retake Mosul from the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The hostilities lasted nearly nine months, led to the displacement of almost one million people, large numbers of trauma cases and severe damage to houses and infrastructure.
The level of trauma witnessed remains considerable: as of 4 July, 4,160 people had been treated at Trauma Stabilization Points near frontline areas of western Mosul since February.
Number of people in need 11m
Number of people targeted for assistance 6.2m
Number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) 3.3m
Number of IDPs who live outside camps 2.5m
Number of affected ppl within host communities 3.2m
Number of returnees 1.9m
Number of Syrian refugees 0.23m
As the battle for Mosul reaches its final stages, there are reports of further civilian deaths and injuries, with at least 12 casualties over the Eid weekend and hundreds reportedly injured.
The cumulative number of displaced on 28 June stands at 897,663 (since operations began on 17 October).
Throughout the past week, and as per previous trends, displacement has continued from the western side of Mosul city. According to the government’s Ministry of Migration and Displaced (MoMD), since the start of the western Mosul operation on 19 February 2017, a total of 678,177 people have fled western Mosul as of 11 June.